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Virtuous Violence

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Efnisyfirlit

  • Coverpage
  • Half title page
  • Title page
  • Copyright page
  • Dedication
  • Contents
  • Figures and tables
  • Foreword by Steven Pinker
  • Warm thanks
  • The point
  • 1 Why are people violent?
    • What we mean by “violence”
    • Natural aversion to killing and hurting
    • What we mean by “moral”
    • Conflicting moralities and post-hoc justifications
    • Pain and suffering are not intrinsically evil
    • Forerunners of virtuous violence theory and how it goes beyond them
    • Scope: what we are and are not discussing
    • Illegitimate, immoral violence
  • 2 Violence is morally motivated to regulate social relationships
    • Fundamental ways of relating: the four elementary relational models
    • Cultural implementations of universal models
    • Constitutive phases
    • Metarelational models
  • 3 Defense, punishment, and vengeance
    • Defense and punishment
    • Vengeance
    • Metarelational retribution
    • Violence due to conflicting models
  • 4 The right and obligation of parents, police, kings, and gods to violently enforce their authority
    • Corporal punishment of children
    • Violence in the military
    • Violent policing
    • Violence by gods
    • Explanations of accidents, misfortune, and suffering
    • Trial by ordeal and combat
    • Metarelational aspects of authority-ranking violence
  • 5 Contests of violence: fighting for respect and solidarity
    • Knighthood in medieval Europe
    • Gang and criminal cultures
    • Fighting among and alongside the gods
    • Sports
    • Fighting among youths
    • Metarelational aspects of fighting for respect and solidarity
  • 6 Honor and shame
    • Guest–host relationship
    • Honor killing
    • Honor violence in the United States
    • Honor among thieves
    • How the metarelational honor model organized the violence of the Trojan War
  • 7 War
    • The motives of leaders and nations
    • The moral motives that move soldiers to go to war
    • Killing under orders
    • Killing for your comrades
    • Extremist violence and terrorism
  • 8 Violence to obey, honor, and connect with the gods
    • Gods command violence
    • Sacrificing animals and humans to the gods
    • Self-sacrifice to the gods
    • China
    • American Indians
    • Christian monastic asceticism
    • Christian and Muslim self-flagellation
    • Theoretical elaboration
  • 9 On relational morality: what are its boundaries, what guides it, and how is it computed?
    • Defining the moral space
    • Distinguishing between moral and immoral relationship regulation
    • What are the cultural preos delimiting violence?
    • Going beyond the culturally prescribed limits to violence
    • Is morally motivated violence rational and deliberative or emotional and impulsive?
  • 10 The prevailing wisdom
    • Are most killers sadists and psychopaths?
    • Are killers rational?
    • Are killers impulsive?
    • Are killers mistaken?
  • 11 Intimate partner violence
    • Intimate partner violence is widespread
    • Intimate partner violence is morally motivated to regulate relationships
  • 12 Rape
    • Rape in war
    • Gang rape
  • 13 Making them one with us: initiation, clitoridectomy, infibulation, circumcision, and castration
    • Initiation rites
    • Circumcision and excision
    • Eunuch opportunities
  • 14 Torture
    • Motives of leaders who order torture
    • Motives of torturers
    • Motives of the public that approves of the use of torture
  • 15 Homicide: he had it coming
    • How many homicides are morally motivated?
    • Mass murder
    • Homicides committed by the mentally ill
    • Metarelational motives for homicide
  • 16 Ethnic violence and genocide
    • Violence against African-Americans in the US South
    • Genocide
    • Null attitudes and dehumanization in the perpetuation of mass violence
  • 17 Self-harm and suicide
    • Non-suicidal self-injury
    • Suicide
  • 18 Violent bereavement
    • Why are people sometimes enraged by death?
  • 19 Non-bodily violence: robbery
    • Robbery for equality-matching vengeance
    • Robbery for authority-ranking status
  • 20 The specific form of violence for constituting each relational model
    • Communal sharing violence: indexical consubstantial assimilation
    • Authority-ranking violence: iconic physics of magnitudes and dimensions
    • Equality-matching violence: concrete ostensive operations
    • Market-pricing violence: arbitrary conventional symbolism
  • 21 Why do people use violence to constitute their social relationships, rather than using some other medium?
    • Criticality
  • 22 Metarelational models that inhibit or provide alternatives to violence
  • 23 How do we end violence?
    • Civil disobedience and hunger strikes
    • Urban gang homicide
  • 24 Evolutionary, philosophical, legal, psychological, and research implications
    • Evolution
    • Philosophy
    • Law
    • Psychology
    • Research
  • The dénouement
    • What do we mean by “most” violence?
    • The need for general explanations
  • References
  • Index

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Vörumerki: Cambridge
Vörunúmer: 9781316190067
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Virtuous Violence

Vörumerki: Cambridge
Vörunúmer: 9781316190067
Rafbók
2.990 kr.
Get the product now
2.990 kr.