1. Bækur og afþreying
  2. Bækur og kort
  3. Rafbækur
  4. Líf- og næringarfræði
  5. Líffræði


Rafræn bók. Uppl. sendar á netfangið þitt eftir kaup
Rafbók til eignar. Rafbók til eignar þarf að hlaða niður á þau tæki sem þú vilt nota innan eins árs frá því bókin er keypt. Útgáfa: 3
Fá vöru senda með tölvupósti


  • Front Matter
    • Copyright Page
    • Dedication
    • Brief Contents
    • Contents
    • Preface to the Third Edition
    • Preface to the Second Edition
    • Acknowledgments
    • Guest Contributors
    • Chapter Reviewers for the Third Edition
    • Media and Supplements to accompany Invertebrates, Third Edition
  • Front Endpapers
  • Chapter 1 Introduction
    • Classification of The Animal Kingdom (Metazoa)
    • Keeping Track of Life
    • Geologic Time Scale
    • Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes
    • BOX 1A The Six Kingdoms of Life*
    • Where Did Invertebrates Come From?
      • The Dawn of Life
      • The Ediacaran Period and the Origin of Animals
      • The Paleozoic Era (541–252 Ma)
      • The Mesozoic Era (252–66 Ma)
      • The Cenozoic Era (66 Ma–present)
    • Where Do Invertebrates Live?
      • Marine Habitats
      • Estuaries and Coastal Wetlands
      • Freshwater Habitats
      • Terrestrial Habitats
      • A Special Type of Environment: Symbiosis
    • Biodiversity Patterns
    • New Views of Invertebrate Phylogeny
      • Phylogenetics and Classification Schemes
      • Legacy Names
    • Some Comments on Evolution
      • Macroevolution
      • Microevolution
    • A Final Introductory Message to the Reader
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 2 Systematics, Phylogeny, and Classification
    • Biological Classification
    • Nomenclature
    • Systematics
    • Monophyly, Paraphyly, and Polyphyly
    • Characters and the Concept of Homology
    • Phylogenetic Trees
    • Pleisiomorphy and Apomorphy
    • Constructing Phylogenies and Classifications
    • Molecular Phylogenetics
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 3 The Protists: Kingdom Protista
    • Taxonomic History and Classification
    • Overviews of the Major Clades, or Groups
    • The General Protistan Body Plan
    • The Protist Phyla
    • Group 1: Amoebozoa
    • Phylum Amoebozoa: Amebas
    • Group 2: Chromalveolata
    • Phylum Dinoflagellata: Dinoflagellates
    • Phylum Apicomplexa: Gregarines, Coccidians, Haemosporidians, and Their Kin
    • Phylum Ciliata: The Ciliates
    • Phylum Stramenopila: Diatoms, Brown Algae, Golden Algae, Slime Nets, Oomycetes, etc.
    • Phylum Haptophyta: Coccolithophores
    • Phylum Cryptomonada: Cryptomonads
    • Group 3: Rhizaria
    • Phylum Chlorarachniophyta: Chlorarachniophyte Algae
    • Phylum Granuloreticulosa: Foraminiferans and Their Kin
    • Phylum Radiolaria: Radiolarians
    • Phylum Haplosporidia: Haplosporidians
    • Group 4: Excavata
    • Phylum Parabasalida: Trichomonads, Hypermastigotes, and Their Kin
    • Phylum Diplomonadida: Diplomonads
    • Phylum Heterolobosea: Heterolobosids
    • Phylum Euglenida: Euglenids
    • Phylum Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomes, Bodonids, and Their Kin
    • Group 5: Opisthokonta
    • Phylum Choanoflagellata (Choanoflagellates)
    • Protist Phylogeny
      • The Origin of the Protista
      • Relationships among the Protists
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 4 Introduction to the Animal Kingdom: Animal Architecture and Body Plans
    • Body Symmetry
    • Cellularity, Body Size, Germ Layers, and Body Cavities
    • Locomotion and Support
    • Feeding and Digestion
    • Excretion and Osmoregulation
    • Circulation and Gas Exchange
    • Nervous Systems and Sense Organs
    • Bioluminescence
    • Nervous Systems and Body Plans
    • Hormones and Pheromones
    • Reproduction
      • Asexual Reproduction
      • Sexual Reproduction
      • Parthenogenesis
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 5 Introduction to the Animal Kingdom: Development, Life Histories, and Origin
    • Evolutionary Developmental Biology—EvoDevo
      • Developmental Tool Kits
      • The Relationship Between Genotype andPhenotype
      • The Evolution of Novel Gene Function
      • Gene Regulatory Networks
    • Eggs and Embryos
      • Eggs
      • Cleavage
      • Orientation of Cleavage Planes
      • Radial and Spiral Cleavage
      • Cell Fates
      • Blastula Types
      • Gastrulation and Germ Layer Formation
      • Mesoderm and Body Cavities
    • Life Cycles: Sequences and Strategies
      • Classification of Life Cycles
      • Indirect Development
      • Settling and Metamorphosis
      • Direct Development
      • Mixed Development
      • Adaptations to Land and Fresh Water
      • Parasite Life Cycles
    • The Relationships Between Ontogeny and Phylogeny
    • The Origin of the Metazoa
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 6 Two Basal Metazoan Phyla: Porifera and Placozoa
    • Phylum Placozoa
    • Phylum Porifera: The Sponges
    • Taxonomic History and Classification
    • The Poriferan Body Plan
    • Some Additional Aspects of Sponge Biology
      • Distribution and Ecology
      • Biochemical Agents
      • Growth Rates
      • Symbioses
    • Poriferan Phylogeny
      • The Origin of Sponges
      • Evolution within the Porifera
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 7 Phylum Cnidaria: Anemones, Corals, Jellyfish, and Their Kin
    • Taxonomic History and Classification
    • The Cnidarian Body Plan
    • Cnidarian Phylogeny
      • Ediacaran Cnidaria?
      • Cnidarian Origins
      • Relationships within Cnidaria
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 8 Phylum Ctenophora: The Comb Jellies
    • Taxonomic History and Classification
    • The Ctenophoran Body Plan
    • Ctenophoran Phylogeny
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 9 Introduction to the Bilateria and the Phylum Xenacoelomorpha: Triploblasty and Bilateral S
    • The Basal Bilaterian
    • Protostomes and Deuterostomes
    • Phylum Xenacoelomorpha
    • Classification of Phylum Xenacoelomorpha
    • Class Acoela
    • The Acoel Body Plan
    • Class Nemertodermatida
    • The Nemertodermatid Body Plan
    • Subphylum Xenoturbellida
    • The Xenoturbellid Body Plan
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 10 Phylum Platyhelminthes: The Flatworms
    • Taxonomic History and Classification
    • The Platyhelminth Body Plan
    • Platyhelminth Phylogeny
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 11 Four Enigmatic Protostome Phyla: Rhombozoa, Orthonectida, Chaetognatha, Gastrotricha
    • Phylum Rhombozoa
      • The Dicyemida
      • The Heterocyemida
    • Phylum Orthonectida
    • Phylum Chaetognatha
    • Chaetognath Classification
    • The Chaetognath Body Plan
    • Phylum Gastrotricha: The Gastrotrichs
    • Gastrotrich Classification
    • The Gastrotrich Body Plan
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 12 Phylum Nemertea: The Ribbon Worms
    • Taxonomic History and Classification
    • The Nemertean Body Plan
    • Nemertean Phylogeny
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 13 Phylum Mollusca
    • Taxonomic History and Classification
    • The Molluscan Body Plan
    • Molluscan Evolution and Phylogeny
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 14 Phylum Annelida: The Segmented (and Some Unsegmented) Worms
    • Taxonomic History and Classification
    • The Annelid Body Plan
    • Sipuncula: The Peanut Worms
    • Sipunculan Classification
    • The Sipunculan Body Plan
    • Echiuridae: The Spoon Worms
    • Siboglinidae: Vent Worms and Their Kin
    • Siboglinid Taxonomic History
    • The Siboglinidae Body Plan
    • Hirudinoidea: Leeches and Their Relatives
    • The Hirudinoidean Body Plan
    • Annelid Phylogeny
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 15 Two Enigmatic Spiralian Phyla: Entoprocta and Cycliophora
    • Phylum Entoprocta: The Entoprocts
    • Entoproct Classification
    • The Entoproct Body Plan
    • Phylum Cycliophora: The Cycliophorans
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 16 The Gnathifera: Phyla Gnathostomulida, Rotifera (including Acanthocephala), and Micrognat
    • Phylum Gnathostomulida: The Gnathostomulids
    • Gnathostomulid Classification
    • The Gnathostomulid Body Plan
    • Phylum Rotifera: The Free-Living Rotifers
    • Rotifer Classification
    • The Rotifer Body Plan
    • Phylum Rotifera, Subclass Acanthocephala: The Acanthocephalans
    • The Acanthocephalan Body Plan
    • Phylum Micrognathozoa: The Micrognathozoans
    • The Micrognathozoan Body Plan
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 17 The Lophophorates: Phyla Phoronida, Bryozoa, and Brachiopoda
    • Taxonomic History of the Lophophorates
    • The Lophophorate Body Plan
    • Phylum Phoronida: The Phoronids
    • The Phoronid Body Plan
    • Phylum Bryozoa: The Moss Animals
    • The Bryozoan Body Plan
    • Phylum Brachiopoda: The Lamp Shells
    • The Brachiopod Body Plan
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 18 The Nematoida: Phyla Nematoda and Nematomorpha
    • Phylum Nematoda: Roundworms and Threadworms
    • Nematode Classification
    • The Nematode Body Plan
    • Life Cycles of Some Parasitic Nematodes
    • Phylum Nematomorpha: Horsehair Worms and Their Kin
    • The Nematomorphan Body Plan
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 19 The Scalidophora: Phyla Kinorhyncha, Priapula, and Loricifera
    • Phylum Kinorhyncha: The Kinorhynchs
    • Kinorhynch Classification
    • The Kinorhynch Body Plan
    • Phylum Priapula: The Priapulans
    • Priapulan Classification
    • Priapulan Body Plan
    • Phylum Loricifera: The Loriciferans
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 20 The Emergence of the Arthropods: Tardigrades, Onychophorans, and the Arthropod Body Plan
    • Phylum Tardigrada
    • The Tardigrade Body Plan
    • Phylum Onychophora
    • The Onychophoran Body Plan
    • An Introduction to the Arthropods
      • Taxonomic History and Classification
    • The Arthropod Body Plan and Arthropodization
    • The Evolution of Arthropods
      • The Origin of Arthropods
      • Evolution within the Arthropoda
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 21 Phylum Arthropoda: Crustacea: Crabs, Shrimps, and Their Kin
    • Classification of The Crustacea
    • Synopses of Crustacean Taxa
    • The Crustacean Body Plan
    • Crustacean Phylogeny
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 22 Phylum Arthropoda: The Hexapoda: Insects and Their Kin
    • Hexapod Classification
    • The Hexapod Body Plan
    • Hexapod Evolution
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 23 Phylum Arthropoda: The Myriapods: Centipedes, Millipedes, and Their Kin
    • Myriapod Classification
    • The Myriapod Body Plan
    • Myriapod Phylogeny
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 24 Phylum Arthropoda: The Chelicerata
    • Chelicerate Classification
    • The Euchelicerate Body Plan
    • The Class Pycnogonida
    • The Pycnogonid Body Plan
    • Chelicerate Phylogeny
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 25 Introduction to the Deuterostomes and the Phylum Echinodermata
    • Phylum Echinodermata
    • Taxonomic History and Classification
    • The Echinoderm Body Plan
    • Echinoderm Phylogeny
      • First Echinoderms
      • Modern Echinoderms
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 26 Phylum Hemichordata: Acorn Worms and Pterobranchs
    • Hemichordate Classification
    • The Hemichordate Body Plan
    • Enteropneusta (Acorn Worms)
    • Pterobranchs
    • Hemichordate Fossil Record and Phylogeny
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 27 Phylum Chordata: Cephalochordata and Urochordata
    • Chordate Classification
    • Phylum Chordata, Subphylum Cephalochordata: The Lancelets (Amphioxus)
    • The Cephalochordate Body Plan
    • Phylum Chordata, Subphylum Urochordata: The Tunicates
    • The Tunicate Body Plan
    • Chordate Phylogeny
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 28 Perspectives on Invertebrate Phylogeny
    • Selected References
  • Illustration Credits
  • Index
  • About the Book
  • Blank Page


Bókahillan þín er þitt svæði og þar eru bækurnar þínar geymdar. Þú kemst í bókahilluna þína hvar og hvenær sem er í tölvu eða snjalltæki. Einfalt og þægilegt!

Þú kemst í bækurnar hvar sem er
Þú getur nálgast allar raf(skóla)bækurnar þínar á einu augabragði, hvar og hvenær sem er í bókahillunni þinni. Engin taska, enginn kyndill og ekkert vesen (hvað þá yfirvigt).

Auðvelt að fletta og leita
Þú getur flakkað milli síðna og kafla eins og þér hentar best og farið beint í ákveðna kafla úr efnisyfirlitinu. Í leitinni finnur þú orð, kafla eða síður í einum smelli.

Glósur og yfirstrikanir
Þú getur auðkennt textabrot með mismunandi litum og skrifað glósur að vild í rafbókina. Þú getur jafnvel séð glósur og yfirstrikanir hjá bekkjarsystkinum og kennara ef þeir leyfa það. Allt á einum stað.

Hvað viltu sjá? / Þú ræður hvernig síðan lítur út
Þú lagar síðuna að þínum þörfum. Stækkaðu eða minnkaðu myndir og texta með multi-level zoom til að sjá síðuna eins og þér hentar best í þínu námi.

Fleiri góðir kostir
- Þú getur prentað síður úr bókinni (innan þeirra marka sem útgefandinn setur)
- Möguleiki á tengingu við annað stafrænt og gagnvirkt efni, svo sem myndbönd eða spurningar úr efninu
- Auðvelt að afrita og líma efni/texta fyrir t.d. heimaverkefni eða ritgerðir
- Styður tækni sem hjálpar nemendum með sjón- eða heyrnarskerðingu
Vörumerki: Oxford
Vörunúmer: 9781605355931
Taka af óskalista
Setja á óskalista


Engar umsagnir
Lesa fleiri umsagnir


Vörumerki: Oxford
Vörunúmer: 9781605355931
Rafræn bók. Uppl. sendar á netfangið þitt eftir kaup
8.990 kr.
Fá vöru senda með tölvupósti
8.990 kr.