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Invertebrates

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Efnisyfirlit

  • Front Matter
    • Copyright Page
    • Dedication
    • Brief Contents
    • Contents
    • Preface to the Third Edition
    • Preface to the Second Edition
    • Acknowledgments
    • Guest Contributors
    • Chapter Reviewers for the Third Edition
    • Media and Supplements to accompany Invertebrates, Third Edition
  • Front Endpapers
  • Chapter 1 Introduction
    • Classification of The Animal Kingdom (Metazoa)
    • Keeping Track of Life
    • Geologic Time Scale
    • Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes
    • BOX 1A The Six Kingdoms of Life*
    • Where Did Invertebrates Come From?
      • The Dawn of Life
      • The Ediacaran Period and the Origin of Animals
      • The Paleozoic Era (541–252 Ma)
      • The Mesozoic Era (252–66 Ma)
      • The Cenozoic Era (66 Ma–present)
    • Where Do Invertebrates Live?
      • Marine Habitats
      • Estuaries and Coastal Wetlands
      • Freshwater Habitats
      • Terrestrial Habitats
      • A Special Type of Environment: Symbiosis
    • Biodiversity Patterns
    • New Views of Invertebrate Phylogeny
      • Phylogenetics and Classification Schemes
      • Legacy Names
    • Some Comments on Evolution
      • Macroevolution
      • Microevolution
    • A Final Introductory Message to the Reader
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 2 Systematics, Phylogeny, and Classification
    • Biological Classification
    • Nomenclature
    • Systematics
    • Monophyly, Paraphyly, and Polyphyly
    • Characters and the Concept of Homology
    • Phylogenetic Trees
    • Pleisiomorphy and Apomorphy
    • Constructing Phylogenies and Classifications
    • Molecular Phylogenetics
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 3 The Protists: Kingdom Protista
    • Taxonomic History and Classification
    • Overviews of the Major Clades, or Groups
    • The General Protistan Body Plan
    • The Protist Phyla
    • Group 1: Amoebozoa
    • Phylum Amoebozoa: Amebas
    • Group 2: Chromalveolata
    • Phylum Dinoflagellata: Dinoflagellates
    • Phylum Apicomplexa: Gregarines, Coccidians, Haemosporidians, and Their Kin
    • Phylum Ciliata: The Ciliates
    • Phylum Stramenopila: Diatoms, Brown Algae, Golden Algae, Slime Nets, Oomycetes, etc.
    • Phylum Haptophyta: Coccolithophores
    • Phylum Cryptomonada: Cryptomonads
    • Group 3: Rhizaria
    • Phylum Chlorarachniophyta: Chlorarachniophyte Algae
    • Phylum Granuloreticulosa: Foraminiferans and Their Kin
    • Phylum Radiolaria: Radiolarians
    • Phylum Haplosporidia: Haplosporidians
    • Group 4: Excavata
    • Phylum Parabasalida: Trichomonads, Hypermastigotes, and Their Kin
    • Phylum Diplomonadida: Diplomonads
    • Phylum Heterolobosea: Heterolobosids
    • Phylum Euglenida: Euglenids
    • Phylum Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomes, Bodonids, and Their Kin
    • Group 5: Opisthokonta
    • Phylum Choanoflagellata (Choanoflagellates)
    • Protist Phylogeny
      • The Origin of the Protista
      • Relationships among the Protists
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 4 Introduction to the Animal Kingdom: Animal Architecture and Body Plans
    • Body Symmetry
    • Cellularity, Body Size, Germ Layers, and Body Cavities
    • Locomotion and Support
    • Feeding and Digestion
    • Excretion and Osmoregulation
    • Circulation and Gas Exchange
    • Nervous Systems and Sense Organs
    • Bioluminescence
    • Nervous Systems and Body Plans
    • Hormones and Pheromones
    • Reproduction
      • Asexual Reproduction
      • Sexual Reproduction
      • Parthenogenesis
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 5 Introduction to the Animal Kingdom: Development, Life Histories, and Origin
    • Evolutionary Developmental Biology—EvoDevo
      • Developmental Tool Kits
      • The Relationship Between Genotype andPhenotype
      • The Evolution of Novel Gene Function
      • Gene Regulatory Networks
    • Eggs and Embryos
      • Eggs
      • Cleavage
      • Orientation of Cleavage Planes
      • Radial and Spiral Cleavage
      • Cell Fates
      • Blastula Types
      • Gastrulation and Germ Layer Formation
      • Mesoderm and Body Cavities
    • Life Cycles: Sequences and Strategies
      • Classification of Life Cycles
      • Indirect Development
      • Settling and Metamorphosis
      • Direct Development
      • Mixed Development
      • Adaptations to Land and Fresh Water
      • Parasite Life Cycles
    • The Relationships Between Ontogeny and Phylogeny
    • The Origin of the Metazoa
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 6 Two Basal Metazoan Phyla: Porifera and Placozoa
    • Phylum Placozoa
    • Phylum Porifera: The Sponges
    • Taxonomic History and Classification
    • The Poriferan Body Plan
    • Some Additional Aspects of Sponge Biology
      • Distribution and Ecology
      • Biochemical Agents
      • Growth Rates
      • Symbioses
    • Poriferan Phylogeny
      • The Origin of Sponges
      • Evolution within the Porifera
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 7 Phylum Cnidaria: Anemones, Corals, Jellyfish, and Their Kin
    • Taxonomic History and Classification
    • The Cnidarian Body Plan
    • Cnidarian Phylogeny
      • Ediacaran Cnidaria?
      • Cnidarian Origins
      • Relationships within Cnidaria
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 8 Phylum Ctenophora: The Comb Jellies
    • Taxonomic History and Classification
    • The Ctenophoran Body Plan
    • Ctenophoran Phylogeny
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 9 Introduction to the Bilateria and the Phylum Xenacoelomorpha: Triploblasty and Bilateral S
    • The Basal Bilaterian
    • Protostomes and Deuterostomes
    • Phylum Xenacoelomorpha
    • Classification of Phylum Xenacoelomorpha
    • Class Acoela
    • The Acoel Body Plan
    • Class Nemertodermatida
    • The Nemertodermatid Body Plan
    • Subphylum Xenoturbellida
    • The Xenoturbellid Body Plan
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 10 Phylum Platyhelminthes: The Flatworms
    • Taxonomic History and Classification
    • The Platyhelminth Body Plan
    • Platyhelminth Phylogeny
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 11 Four Enigmatic Protostome Phyla: Rhombozoa, Orthonectida, Chaetognatha, Gastrotricha
    • Phylum Rhombozoa
      • The Dicyemida
      • The Heterocyemida
    • Phylum Orthonectida
    • Phylum Chaetognatha
    • Chaetognath Classification
    • The Chaetognath Body Plan
    • Phylum Gastrotricha: The Gastrotrichs
    • Gastrotrich Classification
    • The Gastrotrich Body Plan
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 12 Phylum Nemertea: The Ribbon Worms
    • Taxonomic History and Classification
    • The Nemertean Body Plan
    • Nemertean Phylogeny
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 13 Phylum Mollusca
    • Taxonomic History and Classification
    • The Molluscan Body Plan
    • Molluscan Evolution and Phylogeny
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 14 Phylum Annelida: The Segmented (and Some Unsegmented) Worms
    • Taxonomic History and Classification
    • The Annelid Body Plan
    • Sipuncula: The Peanut Worms
    • Sipunculan Classification
    • The Sipunculan Body Plan
    • Echiuridae: The Spoon Worms
    • Siboglinidae: Vent Worms and Their Kin
    • Siboglinid Taxonomic History
    • The Siboglinidae Body Plan
    • Hirudinoidea: Leeches and Their Relatives
    • The Hirudinoidean Body Plan
    • Annelid Phylogeny
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 15 Two Enigmatic Spiralian Phyla: Entoprocta and Cycliophora
    • Phylum Entoprocta: The Entoprocts
    • Entoproct Classification
    • The Entoproct Body Plan
    • Phylum Cycliophora: The Cycliophorans
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 16 The Gnathifera: Phyla Gnathostomulida, Rotifera (including Acanthocephala), and Micrognat
    • Phylum Gnathostomulida: The Gnathostomulids
    • Gnathostomulid Classification
    • The Gnathostomulid Body Plan
    • Phylum Rotifera: The Free-Living Rotifers
    • Rotifer Classification
    • The Rotifer Body Plan
    • Phylum Rotifera, Subclass Acanthocephala: The Acanthocephalans
    • The Acanthocephalan Body Plan
    • Phylum Micrognathozoa: The Micrognathozoans
    • The Micrognathozoan Body Plan
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 17 The Lophophorates: Phyla Phoronida, Bryozoa, and Brachiopoda
    • Taxonomic History of the Lophophorates
    • The Lophophorate Body Plan
    • Phylum Phoronida: The Phoronids
    • The Phoronid Body Plan
    • Phylum Bryozoa: The Moss Animals
    • The Bryozoan Body Plan
    • Phylum Brachiopoda: The Lamp Shells
    • The Brachiopod Body Plan
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 18 The Nematoida: Phyla Nematoda and Nematomorpha
    • Phylum Nematoda: Roundworms and Threadworms
    • Nematode Classification
    • The Nematode Body Plan
    • Life Cycles of Some Parasitic Nematodes
    • Phylum Nematomorpha: Horsehair Worms and Their Kin
    • The Nematomorphan Body Plan
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 19 The Scalidophora: Phyla Kinorhyncha, Priapula, and Loricifera
    • Phylum Kinorhyncha: The Kinorhynchs
    • Kinorhynch Classification
    • The Kinorhynch Body Plan
    • Phylum Priapula: The Priapulans
    • Priapulan Classification
    • Priapulan Body Plan
    • Phylum Loricifera: The Loriciferans
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 20 The Emergence of the Arthropods: Tardigrades, Onychophorans, and the Arthropod Body Plan
    • Phylum Tardigrada
    • The Tardigrade Body Plan
    • Phylum Onychophora
    • The Onychophoran Body Plan
    • An Introduction to the Arthropods
      • Taxonomic History and Classification
    • The Arthropod Body Plan and Arthropodization
    • The Evolution of Arthropods
      • The Origin of Arthropods
      • Evolution within the Arthropoda
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 21 Phylum Arthropoda: Crustacea: Crabs, Shrimps, and Their Kin
    • Classification of The Crustacea
    • Synopses of Crustacean Taxa
    • The Crustacean Body Plan
    • Crustacean Phylogeny
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 22 Phylum Arthropoda: The Hexapoda: Insects and Their Kin
    • Hexapod Classification
    • The Hexapod Body Plan
    • Hexapod Evolution
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 23 Phylum Arthropoda: The Myriapods: Centipedes, Millipedes, and Their Kin
    • Myriapod Classification
    • The Myriapod Body Plan
    • Myriapod Phylogeny
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 24 Phylum Arthropoda: The Chelicerata
    • Chelicerate Classification
    • The Euchelicerate Body Plan
    • The Class Pycnogonida
    • The Pycnogonid Body Plan
    • Chelicerate Phylogeny
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 25 Introduction to the Deuterostomes and the Phylum Echinodermata
    • Phylum Echinodermata
    • Taxonomic History and Classification
    • The Echinoderm Body Plan
    • Echinoderm Phylogeny
      • First Echinoderms
      • Modern Echinoderms
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 26 Phylum Hemichordata: Acorn Worms and Pterobranchs
    • Hemichordate Classification
    • The Hemichordate Body Plan
    • Enteropneusta (Acorn Worms)
    • Pterobranchs
    • Hemichordate Fossil Record and Phylogeny
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 27 Phylum Chordata: Cephalochordata and Urochordata
    • Chordate Classification
    • Phylum Chordata, Subphylum Cephalochordata: The Lancelets (Amphioxus)
    • The Cephalochordate Body Plan
    • Phylum Chordata, Subphylum Urochordata: The Tunicates
    • The Tunicate Body Plan
    • Chordate Phylogeny
    • Selected References
  • Chapter 28 Perspectives on Invertebrate Phylogeny
    • Selected References
  • Illustration Credits
  • Index
  • About the Book
  • Blank Page

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Vörumerki: Oxford
Vörunúmer: 9781605355931
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Invertebrates

Vörumerki: Oxford
Vörunúmer: 9781605355931
Rafræn bók. Uppl. sendar á netfangið þitt eftir kaup
8.990 kr.
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8.990 kr.