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Programming Languages: Principles and Paradigms

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Efnisyfirlit

  • Foreword
  • Introduction
    • Use of the text
    • Acknowledgements
  • Contents
  • Abstract Machines
    • The Concepts of Abstract Machine and of Interpreter
      • The Interpreter
      • An Example of an Abstract Machine: The Hardware Machine
        • Memory
        • The language of the physical machine
        • Interpreter
    • Implementation of a Language
      • Implementation of an Abstract Machine
        • Implementation in Hardware
        • Simulation Using Software
        • Emulation Using Firmware
      • Implementation: The Ideal Case
        • Notation
          • Purely interpreted implementation
          • Purely compiled implementation
        • Comparing the Two Techniques
      • Implementation: The Real Case and The Intermediate Machine
    • Hierarchies of Abstract Machines
    • Chapter Summary
    • Bibliographic Notes
    • Exercises
    • References
  • How to Describe a Programming Language
    • Levels of Description
    • Grammar and Syntax
      • Context-Free Grammars
        • BNF
        • Derivations and languages
        • Derivation Trees
        • Ambiguity
    • Contextual Syntactic Constraints
    • Compilers
      • Lexical analysis
      • Syntactic analysis
      • Semantic analysis
      • Generation of intermediate forms
      • Code optimisation
      • Code generation
    • Semantics
      • State
      • Transitions
      • Expression semantics
      • Command semantics
      • Computations
    • Pragmatics
    • Implementation
    • Chapter Summary
    • Bibliographical Notes
    • Exercises
    • References
  • Foundations
    • The Halting Problem
    • Expressiveness of Programming Languages
    • Formalisms for Computability
    • There are More Functions than Algorithms
    • Chapter Summary
    • Bibliographical Notes
    • Exercises
    • References
  • Names and The Environment
    • Names and Denotable Objects
      • Denotable Objects
    • Environments and Blocks
      • Blocks
      • Types of Environment
      • Operations on Environments
    • Scope Rules
      • Static Scope
      • Dynamic Scope
      • Some Scope Problems
    • Chapter Summary
    • Bibliographical Notes
    • Exercises
    • References
  • Memory Management
    • Techniques for Memory Management
    • Static Memory Management
    • Dynamic Memory Management Using Stacks
      • Activation Records for In-line Blocks
      • Activation Records for Procedures
      • Stack Management
    • Dynamic Management Using a Heap
      • Fixed-Length Blocks
      • Variable-Length Blocks
        • Single free list
        • Multiple free lists
    • Implementation of Scope Rules
      • Static Scope: The Static Chain
      • Static Scope: The Display
      • Dynamic Scope: Association Lists and CRT
        • Central Referencing environment Table (CRT)
    • Chapter Summary
    • Bibliographic Notes
    • Exercises
    • References
  • Control Structure
    • Expressions
      • Expression Syntax
        • Infix Notation
        • Prefix Notation
        • Postfix Notation
      • Semantics of Expressions
        • Infix Notation: Precedence and Associativity
        • Prefix Notation
        • Postfix Notation
      • Evaluation of Expressions
        • Subexpression Evaluation Order
    • The Concept of Command
      • The Variable
      • Assignment
    • Sequence Control Commands
      • Commands for Explicit Sequence Control
        • Sequential Command
        • Composite Command
        • Goto
        • Other sequence control commands
      • Conditional Commands
        • If
        • Case
      • Iterative Commands
        • Unbounded iteration
        • Bounded iteration
        • Expressiveness of bounded iteration
        • The for in C
        • For-each
    • Structured Programming
    • Recursion
      • Tail Recursion
      • Recursion or Iteration?
    • Chapter Summary
    • Bibliographical Notes
    • Exercises
    • References
  • Control Abstraction
    • Subprograms
      • Parameters
      • Return value
      • Nonlocal environment
      • Functional Abstraction
      • Parameter Passing
        • Call by value
        • Call by reference
        • Call by constant
        • Call by result
        • Call by value-result
        • Call by name
    • Higher-Order Functions
      • Functions as Parameters
        • Implementation of deep binding
        • Binding policy and static scope
        • What defines the environment
      • Functions as Results
    • Exceptions
      • Pragmatics
      • Implementing Exceptions
    • Chapter Summary
    • Bibliographical Notes
    • Exercises
    • References
  • Structuring Data
    • Data Types
      • Types as Support for Conceptual Organisation
      • Types for Correctness
      • Types and Implementation
    • Type Systems
      • Static and Dynamic Checking
    • Scalar Types
      • Booleans
      • Characters
      • Integers
      • Reals
      • Fixed Point
      • Complex
      • Void
      • Enumerations
      • Intervals
      • Ordered Types
    • Composite Types
      • Records
      • Variant Records and Unions
        • Unions in C
        • Variants and Security
      • Arrays
        • Operations on Arrays
        • Checking
        • Storage and Calculation of Indices
        • Form of an Array: Where an Array is Allocated
        • Dope Vectors
      • Sets
      • Pointers
        • Pointer Arithmetic
        • Deallocation
      • Recursive Types
      • Functions
    • Equivalence
      • Equivalence by Name
      • Structural Equivalence
    • Compatibility and Conversion
      • Coercions
      • Explicit Conversions
    • Polymorphism
      • Overloading
      • Universal Parametric Polymorphism
        • Explicit polymorphism
        • Implicit Polymorphism
      • Subtype Universal Polymorphism
      • Remarks on the Implementation
    • Type Checking and Inference
    • Safety: An Evaluation
    • Avoiding Dangling References
      • Tombstone
      • Locks and Keys
    • Garbage Collection
      • Reference Counting
      • Mark and Sweep
      • Interlude: Pointer Reversal
      • Mark and Compact
      • Copy
    • Chapter Summary
    • Bibliographic Notes
    • Exercises
    • References
  • Data Abstraction
    • Abstract Data Types
    • Information Hiding
      • Representation Independence
    • Modules
    • Chapter Summary
    • Bibliographical Notes
    • Exercises
    • References
  • The Object-Oriented Paradigm
    • The Limits of Abstract Data Types
      • A First Review
    • Fundamental Concepts
      • Objects
      • Classes
        • Objects in the heap and on the stack
      • Encapsulation
      • Subtypes
        • Redefinition of a method
        • Shadowing
        • Abstract classes
        • The subtype relation
        • Constructors
      • Inheritance
        • Inheritance and visibility
        • Single and multiple inheritance
      • Dynamic Method Lookup
    • Implementation Aspects
      • Objects
      • Classes and inheritance
      • Late binding of self
      • Single Inheritance
        • Downcasting
      • The Problem of Fragile Base Class
      • Dynamic Method Dispatch in the JVM
      • Multiple Inheritance
        • Vtable Structure
        • Replicated multiple inheritance
        • Shared multiple inheritance
    • Polymorphism and Generics
      • Subtype Polymorphism
      • Generics in Java
      • Implementation of Generics in Java
      • Generics, Arrays and Subtype Hierarchy
      • Covariant and Contravariant Overriding
        • Supertypes and Views
    • Chapter Summary
    • Bibliographical Notes
    • Exercises
    • References
  • The Functional Paradigm
    • Computations without State
      • Expressions and Functions
      • Computation as Reduction
      • The Fundamental Ingredients
    • Evaluation
      • Values
      • Capture-Free Substitution
      • Evaluation Strategies
        • Evaluation by value
        • Evaluation by name
        • Lazy evaluation
      • Comparison of the Strategies
    • Programming in a Functional Language
      • Local Environment
      • Interactiveness
      • Types
      • Pattern Matching
      • Infinite Objects
      • Imperative Aspects
    • Implementation: The SECD Machine
    • The Functional Paradigm: An Assessment
      • Program Correctness
      • Program schemata
      • Assessment
    • Fundamentals: The lambda-calculus
      • Syntactic conventions, free and bound variables
      • Substitution
      • Alpha equivalence
      • Computation: beta reduction
      • Normal forms
      • Confluence
      • Fixpoint operators
      • Expressiveness of the lambda-calculus
    • Chapter Summary
    • Bibliographical Note
    • Exercises
    • References
  • The Logic Programming Paradigm
    • Deduction as Computation
      • Terminological Note
      • An Example
    • Syntax
      • The Language of First-Order Logic
        • Alphabet
        • Terms
        • Formulæ
      • Logic Programs
    • Theory of Unification
      • The Logic Variable
      • Substitution
      • Most General Unifier
      • A Unification Algorithm
        • Martelli and Montanari's unification algorithm
    • The Computational Model
      • The Herbrand Universe
      • Declarative and Procedural Interpretation
      • Procedure Calls
        • Evaluation of a non-atomic goal
        • Heads with arbitrary terms
      • Control: Non-determinism
        • Backtracking in Prolog
      • Some Examples
    • Extensions
      • Prolog
        • Arithmetic
        • Cut
        • Disjunction
        • If-then-else
        • Negation
      • Logic Programming and Databases
      • Logic Programming with Constraints
    • Advantages and Disadvantages of the Logic Paradigm
    • Chapter Summary
    • Bibliographical Notes
    • Exercises
    • References
  • A Short Historical Perspective
    • Beginnings
    • Factors in the Development of Languages
    • 1950s and 60s
      • FORTRAN
      • Algol
      • LISP
      • COBOL
      • Simula
    • The 1970s
      • C
      • Pascal
      • Smalltalk
      • Declarative languages
      • ML
      • PROLOG
    • The 1980s
      • C++
      • Ada
      • CLP
    • 1990s
      • Java
    • Chapter Summary
    • Bibliographical Notes
    • References
  • Index

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Vörumerki: Springer
Tilboði lýkur 25.06.2019
Vörunúmer: 9781848829145
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Programming Languages: Principles and Paradigms

Vörumerki: Springer
Tilboði lýkur 25.06.2019
Vörunúmer: 9781848829145
Rafbók
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3.290 kr. 3.081 kr.
Get the product now
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3.290 kr. 3.081 kr.