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Lewis's Medical-Surgical Nursing E-Book

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Efnisyfirlit

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Disclaimer
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • About the Authors
  • Contributors
  • Authors of Teaching and Learning Resources
  • Reviewers
  • Dedication
  • Preface
  • Concepts Exemplars
  • Special Features
  • Section One. Concepts in Nursing Practice
    • 1. Professional Nursing
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Professional Nursing Practice
      • Influences on Professional Nursing Practice
      • Patient-Centered Care
      • Teamwork and Collaboration
      • Safety
      • Quality Improvement
      • Informatics
      • Evidence-Based Practice
    • 2. Health Equity and Culturally Competent Care
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Determinants of Health
      • Health Disparities and Health Equity
      • Culture
      • Cultural Competence
      • Cultural Diversity in the Health Care Workplace
      • Cultural Factors Affecting Health and Health Care
      • Nursing Management: Promoting Health Equity and Increasing Cultural Competency
    • 3. Health History and Physical Examination
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Data Collection
      • Nursing History: Subjective Data
      • Physical Examination: Objective Data
      • Types of Assessment
      • Problem Identification
    • 4. Patient and Caregiver Teaching
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Role of Patient and Caregiver Teaching
      • Teaching-Learning Process
      • Process of Patient Teaching
    • 5. Chronic Illness and Older Adults
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Chronic Illness
      • Nursing Management: Chronic Illness
      • Older Adults
      • Attitudes Toward Aging
      • Biologic Aging
      • Age-Related Physiologic Changes
      • Special Older Adult Populations
      • Social Support for Older Adults
      • Social Services for Older Adults
      • Medicare and Medicaid
      • Care Alternatives for Older Adults
      • Legal and Ethical Issues
      • Nursing Management: Older Adults
  • Section Two. Problems Related to Comfort and Coping
    • 6. Stress Management
      • Conceptual Focus
      • What is Stress?
      • Physiologic Response to Stress
      • Mind-Body-Spirit Connection
      • Effects of Stress on Health
      • Coping Strategies
      • Relaxation Strategies
      • Nursing Management: Stress
    • 7. Sleep and Sleep Disorders
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Sleep
      • Physiologic Sleep Mechanisms
      • Insufficient Sleep and Sleep Disturbances
      • Sleep Disturbances in the Hospital
      • Sleep Disorders
      • Nursing Management: Insomnia
      • Obstructive Sleep Apnea
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Sleep Apnea
      • Periodic Limb Movement Disorder
      • Circadian Rhythm Disorders
      • Narcolepsy
      • Parasomnias
      • Special Sleep Needs of Nurses
    • 8. Pain
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Magnitude of Pain Problem
      • Definitions and Dimensions of Pain
      • Classification of Pain
      • Pain Assessment
      • Pain Treatment
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Pain
      • Institutionalizing Pain Education and Management
      • Ethical Issues in Pain Management
      • Managing Pain in Special Populations
    • 9. Palliative and End-of-Life Care
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Palliative Care
      • Hospice Care
      • Death
      • End-of-Life Care
      • Legal and Ethical Issues Affecting End-of-Life Care
      • Nursing Management: End of Life
      • Special Needs of Caregivers and Nurses in End-of-Life Care
    • 10. Substance Use Disorders
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Drugs Associated with Substance Use Disorder
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Tobacco Use Disorder
      • Alcohol
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Alcohol Use Disorder
      • Use of Other Substances
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Stimulant Use
      • Depressants
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Depressant Use
      • Inhalants
      • Cannabis
      • Caffeine
      • Nursing Management: Substance Use
  • Section Three. Problems Related to Homeostasis and Protection
    • 11. Inflammation and Healing
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Inflammatory Response
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Inflammation
      • Healing Process
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Wound Healing
      • Pressure Injuries
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Pressure Injuries
    • 12. Genetics
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Genetics and Genomics
      • Genetic Disorders
      • Genetic Screening and Testing
      • Pharmacogenomics and Pharmacogenetics
      • Gene Therapy
      • Stem Cell Therapy
      • Nursing Management: Genetics and Genomics
    • 13. Immune Responses and Transplantation
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Normal Immune Response
      • Altered Immune Response
      • Allergic Disorders
      • Nursing Management: Immunotherapy
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Latex Allergies
      • Autoimmunity
      • Immunodeficiency Disorders
      • Human Leukocyte Antigen System
      • Organ Transplantation
      • Graft-Versus-Host Disease
    • 14. Infection
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Infections
      • Types of Pathogens
      • Emerging Infections
      • Health Care–Associated Infections
      • Infection Prevention and Control
      • Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection
      • Nursing Management: HIV Infection
    • 15. Cancer
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Biology of Cancer
      • Benign Versus Malignant Neoplasms
      • Classification of Cancer
      • Prevention and Early Detection of Cancer
      • Interprofessional Care
      • Surgical Therapy
      • Chemotherapy
      • Radiation Therapy
      • Nursing Management: Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy
      • Late Effects of Radiation and Chemotherapy
      • Immunotherapy and Targeted Therapy
      • Nursing Management: Immunotherapy and Targeted Therapy
      • Hormone Therapy
      • Hematopoietic Growth Factors
      • Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
      • Gene Therapy
      • Complications of Cancer
      • Nutritional Problems
      • Infection
      • Oncologic Emergencies
      • Cancer Pain
      • Coping with Cancer and Treatment
      • Cancer Survivorship
    • 16. Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Imbalances
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Homeostasis
      • Water Content of the Body
      • Electrolytes
      • Mechanisms Controlling Fluid and Electrolyte Movement
      • Fluid Movement in Capillaries
      • Fluid Spacing
      • Regulation of Water Balance
      • Fluid Volume Imbalances
      • Fluid Volume Deficit
      • Fluid Volume Excess
      • Nursing Management: Fluid Volume Imbalances
      • Sodium Imbalances
      • Hypernatremia
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Hypernatremia
      • Hyponatremia
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Hyponatremia
      • Potassium Imbalances
      • Hyperkalemia
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Hyperkalemia
      • Hypokalemia
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Hypokalemia
      • Calcium Imbalances
      • Hypercalcemia
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Hypercalcemia
      • Hypocalcemia
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Hypocalcemia
      • Phosphate Imbalances
      • Hyperphosphatemia
      • Hypophosphatemia
      • Magnesium Imbalances
      • Hypermagnesemia
      • Hypomagnesemia
      • Acid-Base Imbalances
      • pH And Hydrogen ION Concentration
      • Acid-Base Regulation
      • Alterations in Acid-Base Balance
      • Clinical Manifestations of Acid-Base Imbalances
      • Assessment of Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Imbalances
      • Oral Fluid and Electrolyte Replacement
      • IV. Fluid and Electrolyte Replacement
      • Central Venous Access Devices
      • Nursing Management: Central Venous Access Devices
  • Section Four. Perioperative Care
    • 17. Preoperative Care
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Surgical Settings
      • Patient Interview
      • Nursing Assessment of Preoperative Patient
      • Nursing Management: Preoperative Patient
    • 18. Intraoperative Care
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Physical Environment of the Operating Room
      • Surgical Team
      • Nursing Management: Patient Before Surgery
      • Nursing Management: Patient During Surgery
      • Nursing Management: Patient After Surgery
      • Anesthesia
      • Anesthesia Techniques
      • Perioperative Crisis Events
    • 19. Postoperative Care
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Postoperative Care of Surgical Patient
      • Respiratory Problems
      • Nursing Management: Respiratory Problems
      • Cardiovascular Problems
      • Nursing Management: Cardiovascular Problems
      • Neurologic and Psychologic Problems
      • Nursing Management: Neurologic and Psychologic Problems
      • Pain and Discomfort
      • Nursing Management: Pain
      • Temperature Changes
      • Nursing Management: Temperature Changes
      • Gastrointestinal Problems
      • Nursing Management: Gastrointestinal Problems
      • Urinary Problems
      • Nursing Management: Urinary Problems
      • Integumentary Problems
      • Nursing Management: Surgical Wounds
      • Discharge from The Pacu
      • Ambulatory Surgery
  • Section Five. Problems Related to Altered Sensory Input
    • 20. Assessment and Management: Visual Problems
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Visual System
      • Structures and Functions of Visual System
      • Visual Pathway
      • Assessment of Visual System
      • Diagnostic Studies of Visual System
      • Visual Problems
      • Visual Impairment
      • Nursing Management: Visual Impairment
      • Eye Trauma
      • Extraocular Disorders
      • Nursing Management: Inflammation and Infection
      • Dry Eye Disorders
      • Strabismus
      • Corneal Disorders
      • Intraocular Disorders
      • Nursing Management: Cataracts
      • Retinopathy
      • Retinal Detachment
      • Age-Related Macular Degeneration
      • Glaucoma
      • Nursing Management: Glaucoma
      • Intraocular Inflammation and Infection
      • Ocular Tumors
      • Enucleation
      • Ocular Manifestations of Systemic Diseases
    • 21. Assessment and Management: Auditory Problems
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Auditory System
      • Structures and Functions of Auditory System
      • Assessment of Auditory System
      • Diagnostic Studies of Auditory System
      • Auditory Problems: External Ear and Canal
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: External Otitis
      • Cerumen and Foreign Bodies in External Ear Canal
      • Trauma
      • Malignancy of External Ear
      • Middle Ear and Mastoid
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Chronic Otitis Media
      • Otosclerosis
      • Inner Ear Problems
      • Ménière’s Disease
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Ménière’s Disease
      • Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
      • Acoustic Neuroma
      • Hearing Loss and Deafness
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Hearing Loss and Deafness
    • 22. Assessment: Integumentary System
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Structures and Functions of Skin and Appendages
      • Assessment of Integumentary System
      • Diagnostic Studies of Integumentary System
    • 23. Integumentary Problems
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Environmental Hazards
      • Skin Cancer
      • Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer
      • Melanoma
      • Skin Infections and Infestations
      • Allergic Skin Problems
      • Benign Skin Problems
      • Interprofessional Care: Skin Problems
      • Nursing Management: Skin Problems
      • Cosmetic Procedures
      • Nursing Management: Cosmetic Surgery
      • Skin Grafts
    • 24. Burns
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Types of Burn Injury
      • Classification of Burn Injury
      • Prehospital and Emergency Care
      • Phases of Burn Management
      • Emergent Phase
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Emergent Phase
      • Acute Phase
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Acute Phase
      • Rehabilitation Phase
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Rehabilitation Phase
      • Emotional/Psychologic Needs of Patients and Caregivers
      • Special Needs of Nurses
  • Section Six. Problems of Oxygenation: Ventilation
    • 25. Assessment: Respiratory System
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Structures and Functions of Respiratory System
      • Assessment of Respiratory System
      • Diagnostic Studies of Respiratory System
    • 26. Upper Respiratory Problems
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Problems Of Nose And Paranasal Sinuses
      • Nasal Fracture
      • Rhinoplasty
      • Nursing Management: Nasal Surgery
      • Epistaxis
      • Allergic Rhinitis
      • Acute Viral Rhinopharyngitis
      • Influenza
      • Sinusitis
      • Obstruction of Nose and Sinuses
      • Problems of Pharynx
      • Peritonsillar Abscess
      • Problems of Larynx and Trachea
      • Acute Laryngitis
      • Airway Obstruction
      • Tracheostomy
      • Nursing Management: Tracheostomy
      • Head and Neck Cancer
      • Nursing Management: Head and Neck Cancer
    • 27. Lower Respiratory Problems
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Lower Respiratory Tract Infections
      • Acute Bronchitis
      • Pertussis
      • Pneumonia
      • Nursing Management: Pneumonia
      • Tuberculosis
      • Nursing Management: Tuberculosis
      • Atypical Mycobacteria
      • Pulmonary Fungal Infections
      • Lung Abscess
      • Environmental Lung Diseases
      • Lung Cancer
      • Nursing Management: Lung Cancer
      • Other Types of Lung Tumors
      • Chest Trauma and Thoracic Injuries
      • Fractured Ribs
      • Flail Chest
      • Pneumothorax
      • Chest Tubes and Pleural Drainage
      • Nursing Management: Chest Drainage
      • Chest Surgery
      • Restrictive Respiratory Disorders
      • Atelectasis
      • Pleurisy
      • Pleural Effusion
      • Interstitial Lung Diseases
      • Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
      • Sarcoidosis
      • Vascular Lung Disorders
      • Pulmonary Embolism
      • Nursing Management: Pulmonary Embolism
      • Pulmonary Hypertension
      • Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
      • Secondary Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
      • Cor Pulmonale
      • Lung Transplantation
    • 28. Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases
      • Cenceptual Focus
      • Asthma
      • Nursing Management: Asthma
      • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
      • Nursing Management: COPD
      • Cystic Fibrosis
      • Nursing Management: Cystic Fibrosis
      • Bronchiectasis
      • Interprofessional and Nursing Management: Bronchiectasis
  • Section Seven. Problems of Oxygenation: Transport
    • 29. Assessment: Hematologic System
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Structures and Functions of Hematologic System
      • Assessment of Hematologic System
      • Diagnostic Studies of Hematologic System
    • 30. Hematologic Problems
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Anemia
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Anemia
      • Anemia Caused by Decreased Erythrocyte Production
      • Iron-Deficiency Anemia
      • Thalassemia
      • Megaloblastic Anemias
      • Anemia of Chronic Disease
      • Aplastic Anemia
      • Anemia Caused by Blood Loss
      • Acute Blood Loss
      • Chronic Blood Loss
      • Anemia Caused by Increased Erythrocyte Destruction
      • Sickle Cell Disease
      • Acquired Hemolytic Anemia
      • Other Red Blood Cell Disorders
      • Polycythemia
      • Problems Of Hemostasis
      • Thrombocytopenia
      • Nursing Management: Thrombocytopenia
      • Hemophilia and Von Willebrand Disease
      • Nursing Management: Hemophilia
      • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
      • Nursing Management: Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
      • Neutropenia
      • Myelodysplastic Syndrome
      • Leukemia
      • Nursing Management: Leukemia
      • Lymphomas
      • Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
      • Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
      • Multiple Myeloma
      • Disorders of the Spleen
      • Blood Component Therapy
  • Section Eight. Problems of Oxygenation: Perfusion
    • 31. Assessment: Cardiovascular System
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Structures and Functions of Cardiovascular System
      • Assessment of Cardiovascular System
      • Diagnostic Studies of Cardiovascular System
    • 32. Hypertension
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Normal Regulation of Blood Pressure
      • Hypertension
      • Nursing Management: Primary Hypertension
      • Hypertensive Crisis
    • 33. Coronary Artery Disease and Acute Coronary Syndrome
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Coronary Artery Disease
      • Interprofessional and Nursing Care: Coronary Artery Disease
      • Chronic Stable Angina
      • Interprofessional and Nursing Care: Chronic Stable Angina
      • Acute Coronary Syndrome
      • Unstable Angina
      • Myocardial Infarction: St-Elevation and Non–St-Elevation Myocardial Infarction
      • Diagnostic Studies: Acute Coronary Syndrome
      • Interprofessional Care: Acute Coronary Syndrome
      • Nursing Management: Acute Coronary Syndrome
      • Sudden Cardiac Death
    • 34. Heart Failure
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Heart Failure
      • Nursing Management: Heart Failure
      • Heart Transplantation
    • 35. Dysrhythmias
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Rhythm Identification and Treatment
      • Syncope
    • 36. Inflammatory and Structural Heart Disorders
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Inflammatory Disorders of Heart
      • Nursing Management: Infective Endocarditis
      • Acute Pericarditis
      • Nursing Management: Acute Pericarditis
      • Chronic Constrictive Pericarditis
      • Myocarditis
      • Nursing Management: Myocarditis
      • Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease
      • Nursing Management: Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease
      • Valvular Heart Disease
      • Mitral Valve Stenosis
      • Mitral Valve Regurgitation
      • Mitral Valve Prolapse
      • Aortic Valve Stenosis
      • Aortic Valve Regurgitation
      • Tricuspid and Pulmonic Valve Disease
      • Diagnostic Studies: Valvular Heart Disease
      • Interprofessional Care: Valvular Heart Disease
      • Nursing Management: Valvular Disorders
      • Cardiomyopathy
      • Dilated Cardiomyopathy
      • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
      • Restrictive Cardiomyopathy
    • 37. Vascular Disorders
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Peripheral Artery Disease
      • Peripheral Artery Disease of The Lower Extremities
      • Nursing Management: Lower Extremity Peripheral Artery Disease
      • Acute Arterial Ischemic Disorders
      • Thromboangiitis Obliterans
      • Raynaud’s Phenomenon
      • Aortic Aneurysms
      • Nursing Management: Aortic Aneurysms
      • Aortic Dissection
      • Nursing Management: Aortic Dissection
      • Acute and Chronic Venous Disorders
      • Venous Thrombosis
      • Nursing Management: Venous Thromboembolism
      • Varicose Veins
      • Nursing Management: Varicose Veins
      • Chronic Venous Insufficiency and Venous Leg Ulcers
  • Section Nine. Problems of Ingestion, Digestion, Absorption, and Elimination
    • 38. Assessment: Gastrointestinal System
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Structures and Functions of Gastrointestinal System
      • Assessment of Gastrointestinal System
      • Diagnostic Studies of Gastrointestinal System
    • 39. Nutritional Problems
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Nutritional Problems
      • Normal Nutrition
      • Vegetarian Diet
      • Malnutrition
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Malnutrition
      • Specialized Nutritional Support
      • Nursing Management: Parenteral Nutrition
      • Eating Disorders
      • Bulimia Nervosa
    • 40. Obesity
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Obesity
      • Health Risks Associated with Obesity
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Obesity
      • Bariatric Surgical Therapy
      • Nursing Management: Perioperative Care of The Obese Patient
      • Cosmetic Surgical Therapy
      • Metabolic Syndrome
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Metabolic Syndrome
    • 41. Upper Gastrointestinal Problems
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Nausea and Vomiting
      • Nursing Management: Nausea and Vomiting
      • Oral Inflammation and Infections
      • Oral Cancer
      • Nursing Management: Oral Cancer
      • Esophageal Disorders
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: GERD
      • Hiatal Hernia
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Hiatal Hernia
      • Esophageal Cancer
      • Nursing Management: Esophageal Cancer
      • Other Esophageal Disorders
      • Disorders of the Stomach and Upper Small Intestine
      • Nursing Management: Peptic Ulcer Disease
      • Stomach Cancer
      • Nursing Management: Stomach Cancer
      • Gastric Surgery
      • Nursing Management: Gastric Surgery
      • Gastritis
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Gastritis
      • Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding
      • Nursing Management: Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding
      • Foodborne Illness
    • 42. Lower Gastrointestinal Problems
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Diarrhea
      • Nursing Management: Acute Infectious Diarrhea
      • Fecal Incontinence
      • Nursing Management: Fecal Incontinence
      • Constipation
      • Nursing Management: Constipation
      • Acute Abdominal Pain and Laparotomy
      • Nursing Management: Acute Abdominal Pain
      • Abdominal Trauma
      • Chronic Abdominal Pain
      • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
      • Inflammatory Disorders
      • Nursing Management: Appendicitis
      • Peritonitis
      • Nursing Management: Peritonitis
      • Gastroenteritis
      • Inflammatory Bowel Disease
      • Nursing Management: Inflammatory Bowel Disease
      • Intestinal Obstruction
      • Nursing Management: Intestinal Obstruction
      • Polyps of Large Intestine
      • Colorectal Cancer
      • Nursing Management: Colorectal Cancer
      • Bowel Resection and Ostomy Surgery
      • Nursing Management: Bowel Resection and Ostomy Surgery
      • Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis
      • Fistulas
      • Hernias
      • Malabsorption Syndrome
      • Celiac Disease
      • Lactase Deficiency
      • Short Bowel Syndrome
      • Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
      • Anorectal Problems
      • Nursing Management: Hemorrhoids
      • Anal Fissure
      • Anorectal Abscess
      • Anal Fistula
      • Anal Cancer
      • Pilonidal Sinus
    • 43. Liver, Biliary Tract, and Pancreas Problems
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Disorders of The Liver
      • Nursing Management: Viral Hepatitis
      • Drug- and Chemical-Induced Liver Diseases
      • Autoimmune, Genetic, and Metabolic Liver Diseases
      • Cirrhosis
      • Nursing Management: Cirrhosis
      • Acute Liver Failure
      • Liver Cancer
      • Liver Transplantation
      • Disorders of The Pancreas
      • Nursing Management: Acute Pancreatitis
      • Chronic Pancreatitis
      • Pancreatic Cancer
      • Nursing Management: Pancreatic Cancer
      • Disorders of The Biliary Tract
      • Nursing Management: Gallbladder Disease
      • Gallbladder Cancer
  • Section Ten. Problems of Urinary Function
    • 44. Assessment: Urinary System
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Structures and Functions of Urinary System
      • Assessment of Urinary System
      • Diagnostic Studies of Urinary System
    • 45. Renal and Urologic Problems
      • Infectious and Inflammatory Disorders of Urinary System
      • Nursing Management: Urinary Tract Infection
      • Acute Pyelonephritis
      • Nursing Management: Acute Pyelonephritis
      • Chronic Pyelonephritis
      • Urethritis
      • Urethral Diverticula
      • Interstitial Cystitis/Painful Bladder Syndrome
      • Nursing Management: Interstitial Cystitis/Painful Bladder Syndrome
      • Genitourinary Tuberculosis
      • Immunologic Disorders of Kidney
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Acute Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis
      • Nephrotic Syndrome
      • Obstructive Uropathies
      • Urinary Tract Calculi
      • Nursing Management: Urinary Tract Calculi
      • Strictures
      • Renal Trauma
      • Renal Vascular Problems
      • Nephrosclerosis
      • Renal Artery Stenosis
      • Renal Vein Thrombosis
      • Hereditary Kidney Diseases
      • Polycystic Kidney Disease
      • Medullary Cystic Disease
      • Alport Syndrome
      • Urinary Tract Tumors
      • Bladder Cancer
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Bladder Cancer
      • Bladder Dysfunction
      • Nursing Management: Urinary Incontinence
      • Urinary Retention
      • Nursing Management: Urinary Retention
      • Catheterization
      • Catheter Construction
      • Types of Catheters
      • Surgery of the Urinary Tract
      • Urinary Diversion
      • Nursing Management: Urinary Diversion
    • 46. Acute Kidney Injury and Chronic Kidney Disease
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Acute Kidney Injury
      • Nursing Management: Acute Kidney Injury
      • Chronic Kidney Disease
      • Nursing Management: Chronic Kidney Disease
      • Dialysis
      • Peritoneal Dialysis
      • Hemodialysis
      • Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy
      • Wearable Artificial Kidney
      • Kidney Transplantation
      • Nursing Management: Kidney Transplant Recipient
  • Section Eleven. Problems Related to Regulatory and Reproductive Mechanisms
    • 47. Assessment: Endocrine System
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Structures and Functions of Endocrine System
      • Assessment of Endocrine System
      • Diagnostic Studies of Endocrine System
    • 48. Diabetes Mellitus
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Diabetes Mellitus
      • Nursing Management: Diabetes
      • Acute Complications of Diabetes
      • Diabetic Ketoacidosis
      • Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemia Syndrome
      • Nursing Management: Diabetes-Related Ketoacidosis and Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemia Syndrome
      • Hypoglycemia
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Hypoglycemia
      • Chronic Complications Associated with Diabetes
      • Retinopathy
      • Nephropathy
      • Neuropathy
      • Complications of Feet and Lower Extremities
      • Skin Complications
      • Infection
      • Psychologic Considerations
    • 49. Endocrine Problems
      • Disorders of Anterior Pituitary Gland
      • Acromegaly
      • Interprofessional and Nursing Care
      • Excesses of Other Tropic Hormones
      • Hypofunction of Pituitary Gland
      • Interprofessional and Nursing Care
      • Pituitary Surgery
      • Nursing Management: Pituitary Surgery
      • Disorders of Posterior Pituitary Gland
      • Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone
      • Interprofessional and Nursing Care
      • Diabetes Insipidus
      • Interprofessional and Nursing Care
      • Disorders of Thyroid Gland
      • Goiter
      • Thyroiditis
      • Hyperthyroidism
      • Nursing Management: Hyperthyroidism
      • Hypothyroidism
      • Nursing Management: Hypothyroidism
      • Thyroid Nodules and Cancer
      • Interprofessional and Nursing Care
      • Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia
      • Disorders of Parathyroid Glands
      • Nursing Management: Hyperparathyroidism
      • Hypoparathyroidism
      • Interprofessional and Nursing Care
      • Disorders of Adrenal Cortex
      • Cushing Syndrome
      • Nursing Management: Cushing Syndrome
      • Adrenocortical Insufficiency
      • Interprofessional and Nursing Care
      • Corticosteroid Therapy
      • Hyperaldosteronism
      • Interprofessional and Nursing Care
      • Disorders of Adrenal Medulla
      • Interprofessional and Nursing Care
    • 50. Assessment: Reproductive System
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Structures and Functions of Male and Female Reproductive Systems
      • Assessment of Male and Female Reproductive Systems
      • Diagnostic Studies of Reproductive Systems
    • 51. Breast Disorders
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Assessment of Breast Disorders
      • Benign Breast Disorders
      • Breast Infections
      • Fibrocystic Changes
      • Fibroadenoma
      • Nipple Discharge
      • Atypical Hyperplasia
      • Intraductal Papilloma
      • Ductal Ectasia
      • Male Gynecomastia
      • Breast Cancer
      • Nursing Management: Breast Cancer
      • Mammoplasty
      • Nursing Management: Breast Augmentation and Reduction
    • 52. Sexually Transmitted Infections
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Factors Affecting Incidence of Stis
      • STIs Characterized by Discharge, Cervicitis, or Urethritis
      • Gonococcal Infections
      • Trichomoniasis
      • STIs Characterized by Genital Lesions or Ulcers
      • Genital Warts
      • Syphilis
      • Nursing Management: STIs
    • 53. Female Reproductive Problems
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Infertility
      • Early Pregnancy Loss
      • Problems Related to Menstruation
      • Premenstrual Syndrome
      • Nursing Management: Premenstrual Syndrome
      • Dysmenorrhea
      • Abnormal Uterine Bleeding
      • Nursing Management: Abnormal Uterine Bleeding
      • Ectopic Pregnancy
      • Perimenopause and Postmenopause
      • Nursing Management: Perimenopause and Postmenopause
      • Infections of Lower Genital Tract
      • Nursing Management: Infections of Lower Genital Tract
      • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (Pid)
      • Nursing Management: Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
      • Chronic Pelvic Pain
      • Endometriosis
      • Benign Tumors of the Female Reproductive System
      • Ovarian Cysts
      • Cervical Polyps
      • Cancers of the Female Reproductive System
      • Endometrial Cancer
      • Ovarian Cancer
      • Vaginal Cancer
      • Vulvar Cancer
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Cancers of Female Reproductive System
      • Pelvic Organ Prolapse
      • Uterine Prolapse
      • Cystocele and Rectocele
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Pelvic Organ Prolapse
      • Fistula
      • Sexual Assault
      • Nursing Management: Sexual Assault
    • 54. Male Reproductive Problems
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Problems of the Prostate Gland
      • Nursing Management: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
      • Prostate Cancer
      • Nursing Management: Prostate Cancer
      • Prostatitis
      • Problems of the Penis
      • Congenital Problems
      • Problems of Prepuce
      • Problems of Erectile Mechanism
      • Cancer of Penis
      • Problems of Scrotum and Testes
      • Inflammatory and Infectious Problems
      • Congenital Problems
      • Acquired Problems
      • Testicular Cancer
      • Sexual Function
      • Erectile Dysfunction
      • Hypogonadism
      • Infertility
  • Section Twelve. Problems Related to Movement and Coordination
    • 55. Assessment: Nervous System
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Structures and Functions of Nervous System
      • Assessment of Nervous System
      • Diagnostic Studies of Nervous System
    • 56. Acute Intracranial Problems
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Intracranial Regulation
      • Increased Intracranial Pressure
      • Nursing Management: Increased Intracranial Pressure
      • Head Injury
      • Nursing Management: Head Injury
      • Brain Tumors
      • Nursing Management: Brain Tumors
      • Cranial Surgery
      • Nursing Management: Cranial Surgery
      • Inflammatory Conditions of the Brain
      • Bacterial Meningitis
      • Nursing Management: Bacterial Meningitis
      • Viral Meningitis
      • Brain Abscess
      • Encephalitis
    • 57. Stroke
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Pathophysiology of Stroke
      • Risk Factors for Stroke
      • Types of Stroke
      • Clinical Manifestations of Stroke
      • Diagnostic Studies for Stroke
      • Interprofessional Care for Stroke
      • Nursing Management: Stroke
    • 58. Chronic Neurologic Problems
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Headaches
      • Tension-Type Headache
      • Migraine Headache
      • Cluster Headache
      • Other Types of Headaches
      • Interprofessional Care for Headaches
      • Nursing Management: Headaches
      • Chronic Neurologic Disorders
      • Nursing Management: Seizure Disorder
      • Restless Legs Syndrome
      • Interprofessional and Nursing Care
      • Degenerative Neurologic Disorders
      • Nursing Management: Multiple Sclerosis
      • Parkinson’s Disease
      • Nursing Management: Parkinson’s Disease
      • Myasthenia Gravis
      • Nursing Management: Myasthenia Gravis
      • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
      • Huntington’s Disease
    • 59. Dementia and Delirium
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Dementia
      • Alzheimer’s Disease
      • Nursing Management: Alzheimer’s Disease
      • Delirium
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Delirium
    • 60. Spinal Cord and Peripheral Nerve Problems
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Spinal Cord Problems
      • Nursing Management: Spinal Cord Injury
      • Spinal Cord Tumors
      • Cranial Nerve Disorders
      • Trigeminal Neuralgia
      • Nursing Management: Trigeminal Neuralgia
      • Bell’s Palsy
      • Nursing Management: Bell’s Palsy
      • Polyneuropathies
      • Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy
      • Tetanus
      • Botulism
    • 61. Assessment: Musculoskeletal System
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Structures and Functions of Musculoskeletal System
      • Assessment of Musculoskeletal System
      • Diagnostic Studies of Musculoskeletal System
    • 62. Musculoskeletal Trauma and Orthopedic Surgery
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Health Promotion
      • Soft Tissue Injuries
      • Sprains and Strains
      • Nursing Management: Sprains and Strains
      • Dislocation and Subluxation
      • Repetitive Strain Injury
      • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
      • Rotator Cuff Injury
      • Meniscus Injury
      • Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury
      • Bursitis
      • Fractures
      • Nursing Management: Fractures
      • Complications of Fractures
      • Types of Fractures
      • Humeral Shaft Fracture
      • Pelvic Fracture
      • Hip Fracture
      • Nursing Management: Hip Fracture
      • Femoral Shaft Fracture
      • Tibial Fracture
      • Stable Vertebral Fracture
      • Facial Fracture
      • Mandibular Fracture
      • Nursing Management: Mandibular Fracture
      • Amputation
      • Nursing Management: Amputation
      • Common Joint Surgical Procedures
      • Types of Joint Surgeries
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Joint Surgery
    • 63. Musculoskeletal Problems
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Osteomyelitis
      • Nursing Management: Osteomyelitis
      • Bone Tumors
      • Benign Bone Tumors
      • Malignant Bone Tumors
      • Nursing Management: Bone Cancer
      • Muscular Dystrophy
      • Low Back Pain
      • Acute Low Back Pain
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Acute Low Back Pain
      • Chronic Low Back Pain
      • Intervertebral Disc Disease
      • Nursing Management: Vertebral Disc Surgery
      • Neck Pain
      • Foot Disorders
      • Nursing Management: Foot Disorders
      • Metabolic Bone Diseases
      • Osteomalacia
      • Osteoporosis
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Osteoporosis
      • Paget’s Disease
    • 64. Arthritis and Connective Tissue Diseases
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Arthritis
      • Osteoarthritis
      • Nursing Management: Osteoarthritis
      • Rheumatoid Arthritis
      • Nursing Management: Rheumatoid Arthritis
      • Gout
      • Interprofessional and Nursing Management: Gout
      • Lyme Disease
      • Septic Arthritis
      • Spondyloarthropathies
      • Ankylosing Spondylitis
      • Psoriatic Arthritis
      • Reactive Arthritis
      • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
      • Nursing Management: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
      • Scleroderma
      • Nursing Management: Scleroderma
      • Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis
      • Interprofessional and Nursing Care
      • Mixed Connective Tissue Disease
      • Sjögren’s Syndrome
      • Myofascial Pain Syndrome
      • Fibromyalgia
      • Systemic Exertion Intolerance Disease (SEID)
  • Section Thirteen. Care in Specialized Settings
    • 65. Critical Care
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Critical Care Nursing
      • Hemodynamic Monitoring
      • Nursing Management: Hemodynamic Monitoring
      • Circulatory Assist Devices
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Circulatory Assist Devices
      • Noninvasive Ventilation
      • Artificial Airways
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Artificial Airway
      • Mechanical Ventilation
      • Other Critical Care Content
    • 66. Shock, Sepsis, and Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Shock
      • Nursing Management: Shock
      • Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome and Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Sirs and Mods
    • 67. Acute Respiratory Failure and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Acute Respiratory Failure
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: Acute Respiratory Failure
      • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
      • Nursing and Interprofessional Management: ARDS
    • 68. Emergency and Disaster Nursing
      • Conceptual Focus
      • Care of Emergency Patient
      • Environmental Emergencies
      • Heat-Related Emergencies
      • Cold-Related Emergencies
      • Submersion Injuries
      • Stings and Bites
      • Poisonings
      • Violence
      • Agents of Terrorism
      • Penetrating Trauma
      • Emergency and Mass Casualty Incident Preparedness
  • Appendixes
    • Appendix A. Basic Life Support for Health Care Providers
    • Appendix B. Nursing Diagnoses
    • Appendix C. Laboratory Reference Intervals
    • Index
    • IBC

    UM RAFBÆKUR Á HEIMKAUP.IS

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Vörumerki: Elsevier
Vörunúmer: 9780323595186
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Vörumerki: Elsevier
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