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Geology For Dummies

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  • About the Author
  • Dedication
  • Author’s Acknowledgments
  • Contents at a Glance
  • Table of Contents
  • Introduction
    • About This Book
    • Conventions Used in This Book
    • What You’re Not to Read
    • Foolish Assumptions
    • How This Book Is Organized
    • Icons Used in This Book
    • Where to Go from Here
  • Part I: Studying the Earth
    • Chapter 1: Rocks for Jocks (and Everybody Else)
      • Finding Your Inner Scientist
      • Focusing on Rock Formation and Transformation
      • Mapping Continental Movements
      • Moving Rocks Around on Earth’s Surface
      • Interpreting a Long History of Life on Earth
    • Chapter 2: Observing Earth through a Scientific Lens
      • Realizing That Science Is Not Just for Scientists
      • Using a Methodical Approach: The Scientific Method
      • The End-All, Be-All: A Scientific Theory
      • Speaking in Tongues: Why Geologists Seem to Speak a Separate Language
    • Chapter 3: From Here to Eternity: The Past, Present, and Future of Geologic Thought
      • Catastrophe Strikes Again and Again
      • Early Thoughts on the Origin of Rocks
      • Developing Modern Geologic Understanding
      • Uniformi-what? Understanding the Earth through Uniformitarianism
      • Pulling It All Together: The Theory of Plate Tectonics
      • Forging Ahead into New Frontiers
    • Chapter 4: Home Sweet Home: Planet Earth
      • Earth’s Spheres
      • Examining Earth’s Geosphere
  • Part II: Elements, Minerals, and Rocks
    • Chapter 5: It’s Elemental, My Dear: A Very Basic Chemistry of Elements and Compounds
      • The Smallest Matter: Atoms and Atomic Structure
      • Chemical Bondage for Beginners
      • Formulating Compounds
    • Chapter 6: Minerals: The Building Blocks of Rocks
      • Meeting Mineral Requirements
      • Making Crystals
      • Identifying Minerals Using Physical Characteristics
      • Realizing Most Rocks Are Built from Silicate Minerals
      • Remembering the Nonsilicate Minerals
      • Gemstones
    • Chapter 7: Recognizing Rocks: Igneous, Sedimentary, and Metamorphic Types
      • Crystallizing One Way or Another: Igneous Rocks
      • Merging Many Single Grains of Sand: Sedimentary Rocks
      • Stuck between a Rock and a Hard Place: Metamorphic Rocks
      • Moving through the Rock Cycle: How Rocks Change from One Type to Another
  • Part III: One Theory to Explain It All: Plate Tectonics
    • Chapter 8: Adding Up the Evidence for Plate Tectonics
      • Drifting Apart: Wegener’s Idea of Continental Drift
      • Coming Together: How Technology Sheds Light on Plate Tectonics
    • Chapter 9: When Crustal Plates Meet, It’s All Relative
      • Density Is Key
      • Two of a Kind: Continental and Oceanic Crust
      • Understanding Why Density Matters: Isostasy
      • Defining Plate Boundaries by Their Relative Motion
      • Shaping Topography with Plate Movements
    • Chapter 10: Who’s Driving This Thing? Mantle Convection and Plate Movement
      • Running in Circles: Models of Mantle Convection
      • Using Convection to Explain Magma, Volcanoes, and Underwater Mountains
      • Shake, Rattle, and Roll: How Plate Movements Cause Earthquakes
  • Part IV: Superficially Speaking: About Surface Processes
    • Chapter 11: Gravity Takes Its Toll: Mass Wasting
      • Holding Steady or Falling Down: Friction versus Gravity
      • Focusing on the Materials Involved
      • Triggering Mass Movements
      • Moving Massive Amounts of Earth, Quickly
      • A More Subtle Approach: Creep and Soil Flow (Solifluction)
    • Chapter 12: Water: Above and Below Ground
      • Hydrologic Cycling
      • Streams: Moving Sediments toward the Ocean
      • Eroding a Stream Channel to Base Level
      • Seeking Equilibrium after Changes in Base Level
      • Leaving Their Mark: How Streams Create Landforms
      • Flowing Beneath Your Feet: Groundwater
    • Chapter 13: Flowing Slowly toward the Sea: Glaciers
      • Identifying Three Types of Glaciers
      • Understanding Ice as a Geologic Force
      • Eroding at a Snail’s Pace: Landforms Created by Glacial Erosion
      • Leaving It All Behind: Glacial Deposits
      • Where Have All the Glaciers Gone?
    • Chatper 14: Blowing in the Wind: Moving Sediments without Water
      • Lacking Water: Arid Regions of the Earth
      • Transporting Particles by Air
      • Deflating and Abrading: Features of Wind Erosion
      • Just Add Wind: Dunes and Other Depositional Wind Features
      • Paving the Desert: Deposition or Erosion?
    • Chapter 15: Catch a Wave: The Evolution of Shorelines
      • Breaking Free: Waves and Wave Motion
      • Shaping Shorelines
      • Categorizing Coastlines
  • Part V: Long, Long Ago in This Galaxy Right Here
    • Chapter 16: Getting a Grip on Geologic Time
      • The Layer Cake of Time: Stratigraphy and Relative Dating
      • Show Me the Numbers: Methods of Absolute Dating
      • Relatively Absolute: Combining Methods for the Best Results
      • Eons, Eras, and Epochs (Oh My!): Structuring the Geologic Timescale
    • Chapter 17: A Record of Life in the Rocks
      • Explaining Change, Not Origins: The Theory of Evolution
      • The Evolution of a Theory
      • Putting Evolution to the Test
      • Against All Odds: The Fossilization of Lifeforms
      • Correcting For Bias in the Fossil Record
      • Hypothesizing Relationships: Cladistics
    • Chapter 18: Time before Time Began: The Precambrian
      • In the Beginning . . . Earth’s Creation from a Nebulous Cloud
      • Addressing Archean Rocks
      • Originating with Orogens: Supercontinents of the Proterozoic Eon
      • Single Cells, Algal Mats, and the Early Atmosphere
    • Chapter 19: Teeming with Life: The Paleozoic Era
      • Exploding with Life: The Cambrian Period
      • Building Reefs All Over the Place
      • Spinal Tapping: Animals with Backbones
      • Planting Roots: Early Plant Evolution
      • Tracking the Geologic Events of the Paleozoic
    • Chapter 20: It Should Have Been Called Mesozoic Park: When Dinosaurs Dominated
      • Driving Pangaea Apart at the Seams
      • Repopulating the Seas after Extinction
      • The Symbiosis of Flowers
      • Recognizing All the Mesozoic Reptiles
      • Climbing the Dinosaur Family Tree
      • Laying the Groundwork for Later Dominance: Early Mammal Evolution
    • Chapter 21: The Cenozoic Era: Mammals Take Over
      • Putting Continents in Their Proper (Okay, Current) Places
      • Entering the Age of Mammals
      • Living Large: Massive Mammals Then and Now
      • Right Here, Right Now: The Reign of Homo Sapiens
    • Chapter 22: And Then There Were None: Major Extinction Events in Earth’s History
      • Explaining Extinctions
      • End Times, at Least Five Times
      • Modern Extinctions and Biodiversity
  • Part VI: The Part of Tens
    • Chapter 23: Ten (Plus) Ways Humans Act as Geologic Agents
      • Damming Rivers
      • Shaping Waterways
      • Nourishing Beaches
      • Changing Coastlines
      • Destabilizing Slopes
      • Fracking for Natural Gas
      • Removing Mountaintops
      • Developing Deserts
      • Creating Caverns
      • Transporting Earth Materials
      • Changing the Climate
    • Chapter 24: Ten Geologic Hazards
      • Changing Course: River Flooding
      • Caving In: Sinkholes
      • Sliding Down: Landslides
      • Shaking Things Up: Earthquakes
      • Washing Away Coastal Towns: Tsunamis
      • Destroying Farmland and Coastal Bluffs: Erosion
      • Fiery Explosions of Molten Rock: Volcanic Eruptions
      • Melting Ice with Fire: Jokulhlaups
      • Flowing Rivers of Mud: Lahars
      • Watching the Poles: Geomagnetism
  • Index


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Vörumerki: Dummies Series
Vörunúmer: 9781118036792
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Geology For Dummies

Vörumerki: Dummies Series
Vörunúmer: 9781118036792

Veldu vöru

1.540 kr.
Get the product now
1.540 kr.