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University Physics with Modern Physics in SI Units

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Efnisyfirlit

  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • About the Authors
  • Preface
  • Applications
  • Detailed Contents
  • Brief Contents
  • Mechanics
    • 1 Units, Physical Quantities, and Vectors
      • 1.1 The Nature of Physics
      • 1.2 Solving Physics Problems
      • 1.3 Standards and Units
      • 1.4 Using and Converting Units
      • 1.5 Uncertainty and Significant Figures
      • 1.6 Estimates and Orders of Magnitude
      • 1.7 Vectors and Vector Addition
      • 1.8 Components of Vectors
      • 1.9 Unit Vectors
      • 1.10 Products of Vectors
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 2 Motion Along a Straight Line
      • 2.1 Displacement, Time, and Average Velocity
      • 2.2 Instantaneous Velocity
      • 2.3 Average and Instantaneous Acceleration
      • 2.4 Motion with Constant Acceleration
      • 2.5 Freely Falling Objects
      • 2.6 Velocity and Position by Integration
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 3 Motion in Two or Three Dimensions
      • 3.1 Position and Velocity Vectors
      • 3.2 The Acceleration Vector
      • 3.3 Projectile Motion
      • 3.4 Motion in a Circle
      • 3.5 Relative Velocity
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 4 Newton’s Laws of Motion
      • 4.1 Force and Interactions
      • 4.2 Newton’s First Law
      • 4.3 Newton’s Second Law
      • 4.4 Mass and Weight
      • 4.5 Newton’s Third Law
      • 4.6 Free-Body Diagrams
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 5 Applying Newton’s Laws
      • 5.1 Using Newton’s First Law: Particles in Equilibrium
      • 5.2 Using Newton’s Second Law: Dynamics of Particles
      • 5.3 Friction Forces
      • 5.4 Dynamics of Circular Motion
      • 5.5 The Fundamental Forces of Nature
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 6 Work and Kinetic Energy
      • 6.1 Work
      • 6.2 Kinetic Energy and the Work–Energy Theorem
      • 6.3 Work and Energy with Varying Forces
      • 6.4 Power
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 7 Potential Energy and Energy Conservation
      • 7.1 Gravitational Potential Energy
      • 7.2 Elastic Potential Energy
      • 7.3 Conservative and Nonconservative Forces
      • 7.4 Force and Potential Energy
      • 7.5 Energy Diagrams
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 8 Momentum, Impulse, and Collisions
      • 8.1 Momentum and Impulse
      • 8.2 Conservation of Momentum
      • 8.3 Momentum Conservation and Collisions
      • 8.4 Elastic Collisions
      • 8.5 Center of Mass
      • 8.6 Rocket Propulsion
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 9 Rotation of Rigid Bodies
      • 9.1 Angular Velocity and Acceleration
      • 9.2 Rotation with Constant Angular Acceleration
      • 9.3 Relating Linear and Angular Kinematics
      • 9.4 Energy in Rotational Motion
      • 9.5 Parallel-Axis Theorem
      • 9.6 Moment-of-Inertia Calculations
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 10 Dynamics of Rotational Motion
      • 10.1 Torque
      • 10.2 Torque and Angular Acceleration for a Rigid Body
      • 10.3 Rigid-Body Rotation About a Moving Axis
      • 10.4 Work and Power in Rotational Motion
      • 10.5 Angular Momentum
      • 10.6 Conservation of Angular Momentum
      • 10.7 Gyroscopes and Precession
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 11 Equilibrium and Elasticity
      • 11.1 Conditions for Equilibrium
      • 11.2 Center of Gravity
      • 11.3 Solving Rigid-Body Equilibrium Problems
      • 11.4 Stress, Strain, and Elastic Moduli
      • 11.5 Elasticity and Plasticity
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 12 Fluid Mechanics
      • 12.1 Gases, Liquids, and Density
      • 12.2 Pressure in a Fluid
      • 12.3 Buoyancy
      • 12.4 Fluid Flow
      • 12.5 Bernoulli’s Equation
      • 12.6 Viscosity and Turbulence
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 13 Gravitation
      • 13.1 Newton’s Law of Gravitation
      • 13.2 Weight
      • 13.3 Gravitational Potential Energy
      • 13.4 The Motion of Satellites
      • 13.5 Kepler’s Laws and the Motion of Planets
      • 13.6 Spherical Mass Distributions
      • 13.7 Apparent Weight and the Earth’s Rotation
      • 13.8 Black Holes
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 14 Periodic Motion
      • 14.1 Describing Oscillation
      • 14.2 Simple Harmonic Motion
      • 14.3 Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion
      • 14.4 Applications of Simple Harmonic Motion
      • 14.5 The Simple Pendulum
      • 14.6 The Physical Pendulum
      • 14.7 Damped Oscillations
      • 14.8 Forced Oscillations and Resonance
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
  • Waves/Acoustics
    • 15 Mechanical Waves
      • 15.1 Types of Mechanical Waves
      • 15.2 Periodic Waves
      • 15.3 Mathematical Description of a Wave
      • 15.4 Speed of a Transverse Wave
      • 15.5 Energy in Wave Motion
      • 15.6 Wave Interference, Boundary Conditions, and Superposition
      • 15.7 Standing Waves on a String
      • 15.8 Normal Modes of a String
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 16 Sound and Hearing
      • 16.1 Sound Waves
      • 16.2 Speed of Sound Waves
      • 16.3 Sound Intensity
      • 16.4 Standing Sound Waves and Normal Modes
      • 16.5 Resonance and Sound
      • 16.6 Interference of Waves
      • 16.7 Beats
      • 16.8 The Doppler Effect
      • 16.9 Shock Waves
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
  • Thermodynamics
    • 17 Temperature and Heat
      • 17.1 Temperature and Thermal Equilibrium
      • 17.2 Thermometers and Temperature Scales
      • 17.3 Thermal Expansion
      • 17.4 Quantity of Heat
      • 17.5 Calorimetry and Phase Changes
      • 17.6 Mechanisms of Heat Transfer
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 18 Thermal Properties of Matter
      • 18.1 Equations of State
      • 18.2 Molecular Properties of Matter
      • 18.3 Kinetic-Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas
      • 18.4 Heat Capacities
      • 18.5 Molecular Speeds
      • 18.6 Phases of Matter
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 19 The First Law of Thermodynamics
      • 19.1 Thermodynamic Systems
      • 19.2 Work Done During Volume Changes
      • 19.3 Paths Between Thermodynamic States
      • 19.4 Internal Energy and the First Law of Thermodynamics
      • 19.5 Kinds of Thermodynamic Processes
      • 19.6 Internal Energy of an Ideal Gas
      • 19.7 Heat Capacities of an Ideal Gas
      • 19.8 Adiabatic Processes for an Ideal Gas
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 20 The Second Law of Thermodynamics
      • 20.1 Directions of Thermodynamic Processes
      • 20.2 Heat Engines
      • 20.3 Internal-Combustion Engines
      • 20.4 Refrigerators
      • 20.5 The Second Law of Thermodynamics
      • 20.6 The Carnot Cycle
      • 20.7 Entropy
      • 20.8 Microscopic Interpretation of Entropy
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
  • Electromagnetism
    • 21 Electric Charge and Electric Field
      • 21.1 Electric Charge
      • 21.2 Conductors, Insulators, and Induced Charges
      • 21.3 Coulomb’s Law
      • 21.4 Electric Field and Electric Forces
      • 21.5 Electric-Field Calculations
      • 21.6 Electric Field Lines
      • 21.7 Electric Dipoles
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 22 Gauss’s Law
      • 22.1 Charge and Electric Flux
      • 22.2 Calculating Electric Flux
      • 22.3 Gauss’s Law
      • 22.4 Applications of Gauss’s Law
      • 22.5 Charges on Conductors
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 23 Electric Potential
      • 23.1 Electric Potential Energy
      • 23.2 Electric Potential
      • 23.3 Calculating Electric Potential
      • 23.4 Equipotential Surfaces
      • 23.5 Potential Gradient
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 24 Capacitance and Dielectrics
      • 24.1 Capacitors and Capacitance
      • 24.2 Capacitors in Series and Parallel
      • 24.3 Energy Storage in Capacitors and Electric-Field Energy
      • 24.4 Dielectrics
      • 24.5 Molecular Model of Induced Charge
      • 24.6 Gauss’s Law in Dielectrics
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 25 Current, Resistance, and Electromotive Force
      • 25.1 Current
      • 25.2 Resistivity
      • 25.3 Resistance
      • 25.4 Electromotive Force and Circuits
      • 25.5 Energy and Power in Electric Circuits
      • 25.6 Theory of Metallic Conduction
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 26 Direct-Current Circuits
      • 26.1 Resistors in Series and Parallel
      • 26.2 Kirchhoff’s Rules
      • 26.3 Electrical Measuring Instruments
      • 26.4 R-C Circuits
      • 26.5 Power Distribution Systems
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 27 Magnetic Field and Magnetic Forces
      • 27.1 Magnetism
      • 27.2 Magnetic Field
      • 27.3 Magnetic Field Lines and Magnetic Flux
      • 27.4 Motion of Charged Particles in a Magnetic Field
      • 27.5 Applications of Motion of Charged Particles
      • 27.6 Magnetic Force on a Current-Carrying Conductor
      • 27.7 Force and Torque on a Current Loop
      • 27.8 The Direct-Current Motor
      • 27.9 The Hall Effect
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 28 Sources of Magnetic Field
      • 28.1 Magnetic Field of a Moving Charge
      • 28.2 Magnetic Field of a Current Element
      • 28.3 Magnetic Field of a Straight Current-Carrying Conductor
      • 28.4 Force Between Parallel Conductors
      • 28.5 Magnetic Field of a Circular Current Loop
      • 28.6 Ampere’s Law
      • 28.7 Applications of Ampere’s Law
      • 28.8 Magnetic Materials
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 29 Electromagnetic Induction
      • 29.1 Induction Experiments
      • 29.2 Faraday’s Law
      • 29.3 Lenz’s Law
      • 29.4 Motional EMF
      • 29.5 Induced Electric Fields
      • 29.6 Eddy Currents
      • 29.7 Displacement Current and Maxwell’s Equations
      • 29.8 Superconductivity
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 30 Inductance
      • 30.1 Mutual Inductance
      • 30.2 Self-Inductance and Inductors
      • 30.3 Magnetic-Field Energy
      • 30.4 The R-L Circuit
      • 30.5 The L-C Circuit
      • 30.6 The L-R-C Series Circuit
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 31 Alternating Current
      • 31.1 Phasors and Alternating Currents
      • 31.2 Resistance and Reactance
      • 31.3 The L-R-C Series Circuit
      • 31.4 Power in Alternating-Current Circuits
      • 31.5 Resonance in Alternating-Current Circuits
      • 31.6 Transformers
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 32 Electromagnetic Waves
      • 32.1 Maxwell’s Equations and Electromagnetic Waves
      • 32.2 Plane Electromagnetic Waves and the Speed of Light
      • 32.3 Sinusoidal Electromagnetic Waves
      • 32.4 Energy and Momentum in Electromagnetic Waves
      • 32.5 Standing Electromagnetic Waves
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
  • Optics
    • 33 The Nature and Propagation of Light
      • 33.1 The Nature of Light
      • 33.2 Reflection and Refraction
      • 33.3 Total Internal Reflection
      • 33.4 Dispersion
      • 33.5 Polarization
      • 33.6 Scattering of Light
      • 33.7 Huygens’s Principle
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 34 Geometric Optics
      • 34.1 Reflection and Refraction at a Plane Surface
      • 34.2 Reflection at a Spherical Surface
      • 34.3 Refraction at a Spherical Surface
      • 34.4 Thin Lenses
      • 34.5 Cameras
      • 34.6 The Eye
      • 34.7 The Magnifier
      • 34.8 Microscopes and Telescopes
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 35 Interference
      • 35.1 Interference and Coherent Sources
      • 35.2 Two-Source Interference of Light
      • 35.3 Intensity in Interference Patterns
      • 35.4 Interference in Thin Films
      • 35.5 The Michelson Interferometer
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 36 Diffraction
      • 36.1 Fresnel and Fraunhofer Diffraction
      • 36.2 Diffraction from a Single Slit
      • 36.3 Intensity in the Single-Slit Pattern
      • 36.4 Multiple Slits
      • 36.5 The Diffraction Grating
      • 36.6 X-Ray Diffraction
      • 36.7 Circular Apertures and Resolving Power
      • 36.8 Holography
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
  • Modern Physics
    • 37 Relativity
      • 37.1 Invariance of Physical Laws
      • 37.2 Relativity of Simultaneity
      • 37.3 Relativity of Time Intervals
      • 37.4 Relativity of Length
      • 37.5 The Lorentz Transformations
      • 37.6 The Doppler Effect for Electromagnetic Waves
      • 37.7 Relativistic Momentum
      • 37.8 Relativistic Work and Energy
      • 37.9 Newtonian Mechanics and Relativity
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 38 Photons: Light Waves Behaving as Particles
      • 38.1 Light Absorbed as Photons: The Photoelectric Effect
      • 38.2 Light Emitted as Photons: X-Ray Production
      • 38.3 Light Scattered as Photons: Compton Scattering and Pair Production
      • 38.4 Wave–Particle Duality, Probability, and Uncertainty
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 39 Particles Behaving as Waves
      • 39.1 Electron Waves
      • 39.2 The Nuclear Atom and Atomic Spectra
      • 39.3 Energy Levels and the Bohr Model of the Atom
      • 39.4 The Laser
      • 39.5 Continuous Spectra
      • 39.6 The Uncertainty Principle Revisited
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 40 Quantum Mechanics I: Wave Functions
      • 40.1 Wave Functions and the One-Dimensional Schrödinger Equation
      • 40.2 Particle in a Box
      • 40.3 Potential Wells
      • 40.4 Potential Barriers and Tunneling
      • 40.5 The Harmonic Oscillator
      • 40.6 Measurement in Quantum Mechanics
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 41 Quantum Mechanics II: Atomic Structure
      • 41.1 The Schrödinger Equation in Three Dimensions
      • 41.2 Particle in a Three-dimensional Box
      • 41.3 The Hydrogen Atom
      • 41.4 The Zeeman Effect
      • 41.5 Electron Spin
      • 41.6 Many-Electron Atoms and the Exclusion Principle
      • 41.7 X-Ray Spectra
      • 41.8 Quantum Entanglement
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 42 Molecules and Condensed Matter
      • 42.1 Types of Molecular Bonds
      • 42.2 Molecular Spectra
      • 42.3 Structure of Solids
      • 42.4 Energy Bands
      • 42.5 Free-Electron Model of Metals
      • 42.6 Semiconductors
      • 42.7 Semiconductor Devices
      • 42.8 Superconductivity
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 43 Nuclear Physics
      • 43.1 Properties of Nuclei
      • 43.2 Nuclear Binding and Nuclear Structure
      • 43.3 Nuclear Stability and Radioactivity
      • 43.4 Activities and Half-Lives
      • 43.5 Biological Effects of Radiation
      • 43.6 Nuclear Reactions
      • 43.7 Nuclear Fission
      • 43.8 Nuclear Fusion
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
    • 44 Particle Physics and Cosmology
      • 44.1 Fundamental Particles—A History
      • 44.2 Particle Accelerators and Detectors
      • 44.3 Particles and Interactions
      • 44.4 Quarks and Gluons
      • 44.5 The Standard Model and Beyond
      • 44.6 The Expanding Universe
      • 44.7 The Beginning of Time
      • Summary
      • Guided Practice
      • Questions/Exercises/Problems
  • Appendix
    • A The International System of Units
    • B Unit Conversion Factors
    • C The British System of Units
    • D Useful Mathematical Relations
    • E The Greek Alphabet
    • F Periodic Table of the Elements
    • G Numerical Constants
  • Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems
  • Credits
  • Index
  • Back Cover

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Vörumerki: Pearson
Vörunúmer: 9781292314815
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University Physics with Modern Physics in SI Units

Vörumerki: Pearson
Vörunúmer: 9781292314815
Rafræn bók. Uppl. sendar á netfangið þitt eftir kaup

Veldu vöru

5.590 kr.
Get the product now
5.590 kr.