Fundamentals of Database Systems, eBook, Global Edition

Höfundar: Ramez Elmasri, Shamkant B. Navathe
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Fundamentals of Database Systems, eBook, Global Edition

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Rafbók til leigu í 90 daga. Útgáfa: 7

Efnisyfirlit

  • Title Page
  • Copyright Page
  • Contents
  • Preface
  • About the Authors
  • Part 1 Introduction to Databases
    • Chapter 1 Databases and Database Users
      • 1.1 Introduction
      • 1.2 An Example
      • 1.3 Characteristics of the Database Approach
      • 1.4 Actors on the Scene
      • 1.5 Workers behind the Scene
      • 1.6 Advantages of Using the DBMS Approach
      • 1.7 A Brief History of Database Applications
      • 1.8 When Not to Use a DBMS
      • 1.9 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
    • Chapter 2 Database System Concepts and Architecture
      • 2.1 Data Models, Schemas, and Instances
      • 2.2 Three-Schema Architecture and Data Independence
      • 2.3 Database Languages and Interfaces
      • 2.4 The Database System Environment
      • 2.5 Centralized and Client/Server Architectures for DBMSs
      • 2.6 Classification of Database Management Systems
      • 2.7 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
  • Part 2 Conceptual Data Modeling and Database Design
    • Chapter 3 Data Modeling Using the Entity–Relationship (ER) Model
      • 3.1 Using High-Level Conceptual Data Models for Database Design
      • 3.2 A Sample Database Application
      • 3.3 Entity Types, Entity Sets, Attributes, and Keys
      • 3.4 Relationship Types, Relationship Sets, Roles, and Structural Constraints
      • 3.5 Weak Entity Types
      • 3.6 Refining the ER Design for the COMPANY Database
      • 3.7 ER Diagrams, Naming Conventions, and Design Issues
      • 3.8 Example of Other Notation: UML Class Diagrams
      • 3.9 Relationship Types of Degree Higher than Two
      • 3.10 Another Example: A UNIVERSITY Database
      • 3.11 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Laboratory Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
    • Chapter 4 The Enhanced Entity–Relationship (EER) Model
      • 4.1 Subclasses, Superclasses, and Inheritance
      • 4.2 Specialization and Generalization
      • 4.3 Constraints and Characteristics of Specialization and Generalization Hierarchies
      • 4.4 Modeling of UNION Types Using Categories
      • 4.5 A Sample UNIVERSITY EER Schema, Design Choices, and Formal Definitions
      • 4.6 Example of Other Notation: Representing Specialization and Generalization in UML Class Diagrams
      • 4.7 Data Abstraction, Knowledge Representation, and Ontology Concepts
      • 4.8 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Laboratory Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
  • Part 3 The Relational Data Model and SQL
    • Chapter 5 The Relational Data Model and Relational Database Constraints
      • 5.1 Relational Model Concepts
      • 5.2 Relational Model Constraints and Relational Database Schemas
      • 5.3 Update Operations, Transactions, and Dealing with Constraint Violations
      • 5.4 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
    • Chapter 6 Basic SQL
      • 6.1 SQL Data Definition and Data Types
      • 6.2 Specifying Constraints in SQL
      • 6.3 Basic Retrieval Queries in SQL
      • 6.4 INSERT, DELETE, and UPDATE Statements in SQL
      • 6.5 Additional Features of SQL
      • 6.6 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
    • Chapter 7 More SQL: Complex Queries, Triggers, Views, and Schema Modification
      • 7.1 More Complex SQL Retrieval Queries
      • 7.2 Specifying Constraints as Assertions and Actions as Triggers
      • 7.3 Views (Virtual Tables) in SQL
      • 7.4 Schema Change Statements in SQL
      • 7.5 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
    • Chapter 8 The Relational Algebra and Relational Calculus
      • 8.1 Unary Relational Operations: SELECT and PROJECT
      • 8.2 Relational Algebra Operations from Set Theory
      • 8.3 Binary Relational Operations: JOIN and DIVISION
      • 8.4 Additional Relational Operations
      • 8.5 Examples of Queries in Relational Algebra
      • 8.6 The Tuple Relational Calculus
      • 8.7 The Domain Relational Calculus
      • 8.8 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Laboratory Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
    • Chapter 9 Relational Database Design by ER- and EER-to-Relational Mapping
      • 9.1 Relational Database Design Using ER-to-Relational Mapping
      • 9.2 Mapping EER Model Constructs to Relations
      • 9.3 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Laboratory Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
  • Part 4 Database Programming Techniques
    • Chapter 10 Introduction to SQL Programming Techniques
      • 10.1 Overview of Database Programming Techniques and Issues
      • 10.2 Embedded SQL, Dynamic SQL, and SQLJ
      • 10.3 Database Programming with Function Calls and Class Libraries: SQL/CLI and JDBC
      • 10.4 Database Stored Procedures and SQL/PSM
      • 10.5 Comparing the Three Approaches
      • 10.6 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
    • Chapter 11 Web Database Programming Using PHP
      • 11.1 A Simple PHP Example
      • 11.2 Overview of Basic Features of PHP
      • 11.3 Overview of PHP Database Programming
      • 11.4 Brief Overview of Java Technologies for Database Web Programming
      • 11.5 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
  • Part 5 Object, Object-Relational, and XML: Concepts, Models, Languages, and Standards
    • Chapter 12 Object and Object-Relational Databases
      • 12.1 Overview of Object Database Concepts
      • 12.2 Object Database Extensions to SQL
      • 12.3 The ODMG Object Model and the Object Definition Language ODL
      • 12.4 Object Database Conceptual Design
      • 12.5 The Object Query Language OQL
      • 12.6 Overview of the C++ Language Binding in the ODMG Standard
      • 12.7 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
    • Chapter 13 XML: Extensible Markup Language
      • 13.1 Structured, Semistructured, and Unstructured Data
      • 13.2 XML Hierarchical (Tree) Data Model
      • 13.3 XML Documents, DTD, and XML Schema
      • 13.4 Storing and Extracting XML Documents from Databases
      • 13.5 XML Languages
      • 13.6 Extracting XML Documents from Relational Databases
      • 13.7 XML/SQL: SQL Functions for Creating XML Data
      • 13.8 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
  • Part 6 Database Design Theory and Normalization
    • Chapter 14 Basics of Functional Dependencies and Normalization for Relational Databases
      • 14.1 Informal Design Guidelines for Relation Schemas
      • 14.2 Functional Dependencies
      • 14.3 Normal Forms Based on Primary Keys
      • 14.4 General Definitions of Second and Third Normal Forms
      • 14.5 Boyce-Codd Normal Form
      • 14.6 Multivalued Dependency and Fourth Normal Form
      • 14.7 Join Dependencies and Fifth Normal Form
      • 14.8 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Laboratory Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
    • Chapter 15 Relational Database Design Algorithms and Further Dependencies
      • 15.1 Further Topics in Functional Dependencies: Inference Rules, Equivalence, and Minimal Cover
      • 15.2 Properties of Relational Decompositions
      • 15.3 Algorithms for Relational Database Schema Design
      • 15.4 About Nulls, Dangling Tuples, and Alternative Relational Designs
      • 15.5 Further Discussion of Multivalued Dependencies and 4NF
      • 15.6 Other Dependencies and Normal Forms
      • 15.7 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Laboratory Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
  • Part 7 File Structures, Hashing, Indexing, and Physical Database Design
    • Chapter 16 Disk Storage, Basic File Structures, Hashing, and Modern Storage Architectures
      • 16.1 Introduction
      • 16.2 Secondary Storage Devices
      • 16.3 Buffering of Blocks
      • 16.4 Placing File Records on Disk
      • 16.5 Operations on Files
      • 16.6 Files of Unordered Records (Heap Files)
      • 16.7 Files of Ordered Records (Sorted Files)
      • 16.8 Hashing Techniques
      • 16.9 Other Primary File Organizations
      • 16.10 Parallelizing Disk Access Using RAID Technology
      • 16.11 Modern Storage Architectures
      • 16.12 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
    • Chapter 17 Indexing Structures for Files and Physical Database Design
      • 17.1 Types of Single-Level Ordered Indexes
      • 17.2 Multilevel Indexes
      • 17.3 Dynamic Multilevel Indexes Using B-Trees + and B -Trees
      • 17.4 Indexes on Multiple Keys
      • 17.5 Other Types of Indexes
      • 17.6 Some General Issues Concerning Indexing
      • 17.7 Physical Database Design in Relational Databases
      • 17.8 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
  • Part 8 Query Processing and Optimization
    • Chapter 18 Strategies for Query Processing
      • 18.1 Translating SQL Queries into Relational Algebra and Other Operators
      • 18.2 Algorithms for External Sorting
      • 18.3 Algorithms for SELECT Operation
      • 18.4 Implementing the JOIN Operation
      • 18.5 Algorithms for PROJECT and Set Operations
      • 18.6 Implementing Aggregate Operations and Different Types of JOINs
      • 18.7 Combining Operations Using Pipelining
      • 18.8 Parallel Algorithms for Query Processing
      • 18.9 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
    • Chapter 19 Query Optimization
      • 19.1 Query Trees and Heuristics for Query Optimization
      • 19.2 Choice of Query Execution Plans
      • 19.3 Use of Selectivities in Cost-Based Optimization
      • 19.4 Cost Functions for SELECT Operation
      • 19.5 Cost Functions for the JOIN Operation
      • 19.6 Example to Illustrate Cost-Based Query Optimization
      • 19.7 Additional Issues Related to Query Optimization
      • 19.8 An Example of Query Optimization in Data Warehouses
      • 19.9 Overview of Query Optimization in Oracle
      • 19.10 Semantic Query Optimization
      • 19.11 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
  • Part 9 Transaction Processing, Concurrency Control, and Recovery
    • Chapter 20 Introduction to Transaction Processing Concepts and Theory
      • 20.1 Introduction to Transaction Processing
      • 20.2 Transaction and System Concepts
      • 20.3 Desirable Properties of Transactions
      • 20.4 Characterizing Schedules Based on Recoverability
      • 20.5 Characterizing Schedules Based on Serializability
      • 20.6 Transaction Support in SQL
      • 20.7 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
    • Chapter 21 Concurrency Control Techniques
      • 21.1 Two-Phase Locking Techniques for Concurrency Control
      • 21.2 Concurrency Control Based on Timestamp Ordering
      • 21.3 Multiversion Concurrency Control Techniques
      • 21.4 Validation (Optimistic) Techniques and Snapshot Isolation Concurrency Control
      • 21.5 Granularity of Data Items and Multiple Granularity Locking
      • 21.6 Using Locks for Concurrency Control in Indexes
      • 21.7 Other Concurrency Control Issues
      • 21.8 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
    • Chapter 22 Database Recovery Techniques
      • 22.1 Recovery Concepts
      • 22.2 NO-UNDO/REDO Recovery Based on Deferred Update
      • 22.3 Recovery Techniques Based on Immediate Update
      • 22.4 Shadow Paging
      • 22.5 The ARIES Recovery Algorithm
      • 22.6 Recovery in Multidatabase Systems
      • 22.7 Database Backup and Recovery from Catastrophic Failures
      • 22.8 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
  • Part 10 Distributed Databases, NOSQL Systems, and Big Data
    • Chapter 23 Distributed Database Concepts
      • 23.1 Distributed Database Concepts
      • 23.2 Data Fragmentation, Replication, and Allocation Techniques for Distributed Database Design
      • 23.3 Overview of Concurrency Control and Recovery in Distributed Databases
      • 23.4 Overview of Transaction Management in Distributed Databases
      • 23.5 Query Processing and Optimization in Distributed Databases
      • 23.6 Types of Distributed Database Systems
      • 23.7 Distributed Database Architectures
      • 23.8 Distributed Catalog Management
      • 23.9 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
    • Chapter 24 NOSQL Databases and Big Data Storage Systems
      • 24.1 Introduction to NOSQL Systems
      • 24.2 The CAP Theorem
      • 24.3 Document-Based NOSQL Systems and MongoDB
      • 24.4 NOSQL Key-Value Stores
      • 24.5 Column-Based or Wide Column NOSQL Systems
      • 24.6 NOSQL Graph Databases and Neo4j
      • 24.7 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Selected Bibliography
    • Chapter 25 Big Data Technologies Based on MapReduce and Hadoop
      • 25.1 What Is Big Data?
      • 25.2 Introduction to MapReduce and Hadoop
      • 25.3 Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS)
      • 25.4 MapReduce: Additional Details
      • 25.5 Hadoop v2 alias YARN
      • 25.6 General Discussion
      • 25.7 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Selected Bibliography
  • Part 11 Advanced Database Models, Systems, and Applications
    • Chapter 26 Enhanced Data Models: Introduction to Active, Temporal, Spatial, Multimedia, and Deductiv
      • 26.1 Active Database Concepts and Triggers
      • 26.2 Temporal Database Concepts
      • 26.3 Spatial Database Concepts
      • 26.4 Multimedia Database Concepts
      • 26.5 Introduction to Deductive Databases
      • 26.6 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
    • Chapter 27 Introduction to Information Retrieval and Web Search
      • 27.1 Information Retrieval (IR) Concepts
      • 27.2 Retrieval Models
      • 27.3 Types of Queries in IR Systems
      • 27.4 Text Preprocessing
      • 27.5 Inverted Indexing
      • 27.6 Evaluation Measures of Search Relevance
      • 27.7 Web Search and Analysis
      • 27.8 Trends in Information Retrieval
      • 27.9 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Selected Bibliography
    • Chapter 28 Data Mining Concepts
      • 28.1 Overview of Data Mining Technology
      • 28.2 Association Rules
      • 28.3 Classification
      • 28.4 Clustering
      • 28.5 Approaches to Other Data Mining Problems
      • 28.6 Applications of Data Mining
      • 28.7 Commercial Data Mining Tools
      • 28.8 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
    • Chapter 29 Overview of Data Warehousing and OLAP
      • 29.1 Introduction, Definitions, and Terminology
      • 29.2 Characteristics of Data Warehouses
      • 29.3 Data Modeling for Data Warehouses
      • 29.4 Building a Data Warehouse
      • 29.5 Typical Functionality of a Data Warehouse
      • 29.6 Data Warehouse versus Views
      • 29.7 Difficulties of Implementing Data Warehouses
      • 29.8 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Selected Bibliography
  • Part 12 Additional Database Topics: Security
    • Chapter 30 Database Security
      • 30.1 Introduction to Database Security Issues
      • 30.2 Discretionary Access Control Based on Granting and Revoking Privileges
      • 30.3 Mandatory Access Control and Role-Based Access Control for Multilevel Security
      • 30.4 SQL Injection
      • 30.5 Introduction to Statistical Database Security
      • 30.6 Introduction to Flow Control
      • 30.7 Encryption and Public Key Infrastructures
      • 30.8 Privacy Issues and Preservation
      • 30.9 Challenges to Maintaining Database Security
      • 30.10 Oracle Label-Based Security
      • 30.11 Summary
      • Review Questions
      • Exercises
      • Selected Bibliography
  • Appendix A: Alternative Diagrammatic Notations for ER Models
  • Appendix B: Parameters of Disks
  • Appendix C: Overview of the QBE Language
    • C.1 Basic Retrievals in QBE
    • C.2 Grouping, Aggregation, and Database Modification in QBE
  • Bibliography
  • Index
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • H
    • I
    • J
    • K
    • L
    • M
    • N
    • O
    • P
    • Q
    • R
    • S
    • T
    • U
    • V
    • W
    • X
    • Y

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