Public Health Nursing E-Book

Námskeið HJÚ530G Heilsugæsla samfélagsins HJÚ128G Ofbeldi og geðrækt Ensk lýsing: Prepare for a successful career as a community/public health nurse! Public Health Nursing : Population-Centered Health Care in the Community, 9th Edition provides up-to-date information on issues that impact public health nursing, such as infectious diseases, natural and man-made disasters, and health care policies affecting individuals, families, and communities. Real-life scenarios show examples of health promotion and public health interventions. New to this edition is an emphasis on QSEN skills and an explanation of the influence of the Affordable Care Act on public health. Written by well-known nursing educators Marcia Stanhope and Jeanette Lancaster, this comprehensive, bestselling text is ideal for students in both BSN and Advanced Practice Nursing programs. Evidence-Based Practice and Cutting Edge boxes illustrate the use and application of the latest research findings in public/community health nursing. Healthy People 2020 boxes highlight goals and objectives for promoting the nation’s health and wellness over the next decade. Levels of Prevention boxes identify specific nursing interventions at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels. Practice Application scenarios help you apply chapter content to the practice setting by analyzing case situations and answering critical thinking questions. Linking Content to Practice boxes provide examples of the nurse’s role in caring for individuals, families, and populations in community health settings. Unique! Separate chapters on healthy cities, the Minnesota Intervention Wheel, and nursing centers describe different approaches to community health initiatives. Community/Public Health Nursing Online consists of 14 modules that bring community health situations to life, each including a reading assignment, case scenarios with learning activities, an assessment quiz, and critical thinking questions. - Höfundar: Marcia Stanhope, Jeanette Lancaster
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Public Health Nursing E-Book

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Rafbók til leigu í 30 daga. Útgáfa: 10

Efnisyfirlit

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • About the authors
  • Acknowledgments
  • Dedication
  • Contributors
  • Contributor biographies
  • Preface
  • PART 1. Influencing Factors in Public Health Nursing and Population Health
    • 1.  Public health foundations and population health
      • Public health practice: The foundation for healthy populations and communities
      • Public health nursing as a field of practice: An area of specialization
      • Public health nursing versus community-based nursing
      • Roles in public health nursing
      • Challenges for the future
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 2.  History of public health and public and community health nursing
      • Change and continuity
      • Public health during america’s colonial period across the new republic
      • Nightingale and the origins of trained nursing
      • America needs trained nurses
      • School nursing in America
      • The profession comes of age
      • Public health nursing in official health agencies and in world war I
      • Paying the bill for public health nurses
      • African American nurses in public health nursing
      • Between the two world wars: Economic depression and the rise of hospitals
      • Increasing federal action for the public’s health
      • World war II: Extension and retrenchment in public health nursing
      • The rise of chronic illness
      • Declining financial support for practice and professional organizations
      • Professional nursing education for public health nursing
      • New resources and new communities: The 1960s and nursing
      • Community organization and professional change
      • Public health nursing from the 1970s into the twenty-first century
      • Designing health care for the American people
      • Public health nursing today
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 3.  Public health, primary care, and primary health care systems
      • Health care in the United States
      • Forces stimulating change in the demand for health care
      • Current health care system in the United States
      • Organization of the health care system
      • Forces influencing changes in the health care system
      • Health care delivery reform efforts—United States
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 4.  Perspectives in global health care
      • Overview and historical perspective of global health
      • The role of population health
      • Primary health care
      • Nursing and global health
      • Major global health organizations
      • Global health and global development
      • Health care systems
      • Major global health problems and the burden of disease
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 5.  Economics of health care delivery
      • Public health and economics
      • Principles of economics—microeconomics and macroeconomics
      • Factors affecting resource allocation in health care
      • Primary prevention
      • The context of the U.S. health care system
  • PART 2. Forces Affecting Nurses in the Delivery of Public and Population Health Care Delivery
    • 6.  Environmental health
      • Introduction to environmental health
      • Healthy People 2020 objectives for environmental health
      • Historical context of environmental health and nursing
      • Social determinants of health and environmental justice
      • Human environmental exposures
      • Environmental health sciences
      • Climate change
      • Environmental health assessments
      • Environmental exposure by media
      • Right to know
      • Risk assessment
      • Vulnerable populations
      • Precautionary principle
      • Environmental health risk reduction
      • Risk communication
      • Governmental environmental protection
      • Policy and advocacy
      • Environmental justice and environmental health disparities
      • Environmental health threats associated with the health care industry: New opportunities for practice and advocacy
      • Referral resources
      • Roles for nurses in environmental health
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 7.  Application of ethics in the community
      • Brief history of ethics and bioethics: Relationship to nursing and public health
      • History
      • Ethical decision making
      • Ethical principles and theories as guides to ethical decision making
      • Principles of bioethics
      • Ethics and the core functions of population-centered nursing practice
      • Nursing code of ethics
      • Public health code of ethics
      • Advocacy and ethics
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 8.  Achieving cultural competence in community health nursing
      • Why cultural competence matters
      • Culture, race, and ethnicity
      • Impact of diversity on cultural competence
      • Social issues affecting culturally competent nursing care
      • Cultural competence in nursing
      • Culturally competent nursing assessment of clients
      • Building culturally competent organizations
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 9.  Public health policy
      • Definitions
      • Governmental role in U.S. health care
      • Healthy People 2020: an example of national health policy guidance
      • Organizations and agencies that influence health
      • Impact of government health functions and structures on nursing
      • The law and health care
      • Laws specific to nursing practice
      • Legal issues affecting health care practices
      • The nurse’s role in the policy process
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 10.  Evidence-based practice
      • Definition of evidence-based practice
      • History of evidence-based practice
      • Paradigm shift in use of evidence-based practice
      • Types of evidence
      • Factors leading to change
      • Barriers to evidence-based practice
      • Steps in the evidence-based practice process
      • Approaches to implementing evidence-based practice
      • Current perspectives
      • Healthy People 2020 objectives
      • Example of application of evidence-based practice to public health nursing
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
  • PART 3. Conceptual and Scientific Frameworks Applied to Nursing Practice
    • 11.  Population-based public health nursing practice: The intervention wheel
      • The intervention wheel origins and evolution
      • Assumptions underlying the intervention wheel
      • Using the intervention wheel in public health nursing practice
      • Components of the model
      • Adoption of the intervention wheel in practice, education, and management
      • Healthy people 2020
      • Applying the nursing process in public health nursing practice
      • Applying the nursing process at the individual/family level
      • Applying the public health nursing process to the community level of practice scenario
      • Applying the public health nursing process to a systems level of practice scenario
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
      • References
    • 12.  Genomics in public health nursing
      • The human genome and its transforming effect on public health
      • A brief history of the science
      • DNA and its relationship to genomics and genetics
      • Current issues in genomics and genetics
      • Personalized health care
      • Genomic competencies for nurses
      • Incorporating genomics and genetics into public health nursing practice
      • Application and practice: Mapping out a pedigree
      • The future
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
      • References
    • 13.  Epidemiology
      • Definitions of health and public health
      • Definitions and descriptions of epidemiology
      • Historical perspectives
      • Basic concepts in epidemiology
      • Screening
      • Surveillance
      • Basic methods in epidemiology
      • Descriptive epidemiology
      • Analytic epidemiology
      • Experimental studies
      • Causality
      • Applications of epidemiology in nursing
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 14.  Infectious disease prevention and control
    • 15.  Communicable and infectious disease risks
      • References
  • PART 4. Community Level Interventions
    • 16.  Promoting healthy communities
    • 17.  Community as client: Assessment and analysis
      • References
    • 18.  Building a culture of health to influence health equity within communities
    • 19.  Health education principles applied in communities, groups, families, and individuals for healthy change
  • PART 5. Issues and Approaches in Population-Centered Nursing
    • 20.  The nurse-led health center: A model for community nursing practice
    • 21.  Public health nursing practice and the disaster management cycle
      • Defining disasters
      • Disaster facts
      • National disaster planning and response: A health-focused overview
      • Healthy People 2020 objectives
      • The disaster management cycle and nursing role
      • Future of disaster management
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 22.  Public health surveillance and outbreak investigation
      • Disease surveillance
      • Notifiable diseases
      • Case definitions
      • Types of surveillance systems
      • The investigation
      • Displaying of data
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 23.  Program management
      • Definitions and goals
      • Historical overview of health care planning and evaluation
      • Benefits of program planning
      • Assessment of need
      • Planning process
      • Program evaluation
      • Advanced planning methods and evaluation models
      • Program funding
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 24.  Quality management
      • Definitions and goals
      • Historical development
      • Approaches to quality improvement
      • Quality and safety education for nurses
      • TQM/CQI in community and public health settings
      • Client satisfaction
      • Model CQI program
      • Records
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 25.  Case management
      • Definitions
      • Concepts of case management
      • Evidence-based examples of case management
      • Essential skills for case managers
      • Issues in case management
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
  • PART 6. Promoting the Health of Target Populations Across the Life Span
    • 26.  Working with families in the community for healthy outcomes
      • Challenges for nurses working with families in the community
      • Family functions and structures
      • Family demographics
      • Family health
      • Four approaches to family nursing
      • Theories for working with families in the community
      • Working with families for healthy outcomes
      • Social and family policy challenges
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 27.  Family health risks
      • Early approaches to family health risks
      • Concepts in family health risk
      • Major family health risks and nursing interventions
      • Nursing approaches to family health risk reduction
      • Community resources
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 28.  Child and adolescent health
      • Status of children
      • Child development
      • Immunizations
      • The built environment
      • Injuries and accidents
      • Health problems of childhood
      • Models for health care delivery to children and adolescents
      • Role of the population-focused nurse in child and adolescent health
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 29. Major Health Issues and Chronic Disease Management of Adults Across the Life Span
      • References
    • 30.  Disability health care across the life span
      • Understanding disabilities
      • Scope of the problem
      • The effects of disabilities
      • Selected issues
      • Role of the nurse
      • Disability rights legislation
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
  • PART 7. Promoting and Protecting the Health of Vulnerable Populations
    • 31.  Health equity and care of vulnerable populations
      • Health equity
      • Health determinants
      • Vulnerability
      • Reducing disparities and improving population health outcomes
      • Assessment issues
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 32.  Population-centered nursing in rural and urban environments
      • Historic overview
      • Definition of terms
      • Rural-urban continuum
      • Current perspectives
      • Rural health care delivery issues and barriers to care
      • Nursing care in rural environments
      • Future perspectives
      • Building professional-community-client partnerships in rural settings
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 33.  Poverty and homelessness
    • 34.  Migrant health issues
    • 35.  Teen pregnancy
      • Adolescent health care in the United States
      • The adolescent client
      • Trends in adolescent sexual behavior, pregnancy, and childbearing
      • Background factors
      • Young men and paternity
      • Early identification of the pregnant teen
      • Special issues in caring for the pregnant teen
      • Teen pregnancy and the nurse
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 36.  Mental health issues
      • Scope of mental illness in the United States
      • Systems of community mental health care
      • Evolution of community mental health care
      • Deinstitutionalization
      • Conceptual frameworks for community mental health
      • Role of the nurse in community mental health
      • Current and future perspectives in mental health care
      • National objectives for mental health services
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 37.  Alcohol, tobacco, and other drug problems
      • Alcohol, tobacco, and other drug problems in perspective
      • Psychoactive drugs
      • Predisposing/Contributing factors
      • Primary prevention and the role of the nurse
      • Secondary prevention and the role of the nurse
      • Tertiary prevention and the role of the nurse
      • Outcomes
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 38.  Violence and human abuse
      • Social and community factors influencing violence
      • Violence against individuals or oneself
      • Family violence and abuse
      • Nursing interventions
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
  • PART 8. Nurses’ Roles and Functions in the Community
    • 39.  Advanced nursing practice in the community
      • Historical perspective
      • Competencies
      • Educational preparation of advanced nursing practice—NP versus APHN
      • Credentialing
      • Advanced practice roles
      • Arenas for practice
      • Issues and concerns
      • Role stress
      • Trends in advanced practice nursing
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 40.  The nurse leader in the community
      • Major trends and issues
      • Definitions
      • Leadership and management applied to population-focused nursing
      • Consultation
      • Competencies for nurse leaders
      • Future of nursing leadership
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 41.  The nurse in public health, home health, hospice, and palliative care
      • Home health care
      • Hospice and palliative care
      • Additional nurse-led models
      • Population health
      • Scope and standards of practice
      • Omaha system
      • Practice guidelines
      • Practice linkages
      • Accountability and quality management
      • Professional development and collaboration
      • Legal, ethical, and financial issues
      • Trends and opportunities
      • Summary
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 42.  The nurse in the schools
      • History of school nursing
      • Federal legislation affecting school nursing practice
      • Standards of practice for school nurses
      • Educational and licensure credentials of school nurses
      • Roles and functions of school nurses
      • School health services
      • School nurses and Healthy People 2020
      • The levels of prevention applied in schools
      • Controversies in school nursing
      • Ethics in school nursing
      • Future trends in school nursing
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 43.  The nurse in occupational health
      • Definition and scope of occupational health nursing
      • History and evolution of occupational health nursing
      • Roles and professionalism in occupational health nursing
      • Workers as a population aggregate
      • Application of the epidemiologic model
      • Organizational and public efforts to promote worker health and safety
      • Nursing care of working populations
      • Healthy people 2020 document related to occupational health
      • Legislation related to occupational health
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 44.  Forensic nursing in the community
      • Perspectives on forensics and forensic nursing
      • Injury prevention
      • Healthy People 2020 goals, prevention, and forensic nursing
      • Forensic nursing as a specialty area that provides care in the community
      • Current perspectives
      • Ethical issues
      • Future perspectives
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 45.  The nurse in the faith community
      • Perspectives on faith community nursing
      • History of faith community nursing
      • Rationale for faith community nursing as a viable community health model
      • Definitions in faith community nursing
      • Faith community nursing practice
      • Issues in faith community nursing practice
      • National health objectives and faith communities
      • Conclusion
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
    • 46.  Public health nursing at local, state, and national levels
      • Roles of local, state, and federal public health agencies
      • History and trends in public health
      • Scope, standards, and roles of public health nursing
      • Issues and trends in public health nursing
      • Models of public health nursing practice
      • Education and knowledge requirements for public health nurses
      • National health objectives
      • Functions of public health nurses
      • Practice application
      • Key points
      • Clinical decision-making activities
      • Additional resources
      • References
  • Appendix A: Program planning and design
  • Appendix B: Flu pandemics
  • Appendix C: Friedman family assessment model short form
  • Appendix D: Comprehensive occupational and environmental health history
  • Appendix E: Essential elements of public health nursing
  • Appendix F: American public health association definition of public health nursing
  • Appendix G: American nurses association scope and standards of practice for public health nursing
  • Appendix H: The health insurance portability and accountability Act: HIPAA What does it mean for public health nurses?
  • Index
  • Inner back cover

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