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Physiology of Behavior, Global Edition

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Efnisyfirlit

  • Title page
  • Brief Contents
  • Contents
  • Preface
  • 1 Introduction
    • Foundations of Behavioral Neuroscience
      • The Goals of Research
      • Biological Roots of Behavioral Neuroscience
    • Natural Selection and Evolution
      • Functionalism and the Inheritance of Traits
      • Evolution of Large Brains
    • Ethical Issues in Research with Humans and Other Animals
      • Research with Animals
      • Research with Humans
    • The Future of Neuroscience: Careers and Strategies for Learning
      • Careers in Neuroscience
      • Strategies for Learning
    • Chapter Review Questions
  • 2 Structure and Functions of Cells of the Nervous System
    • Cells of the Nervous System
      • The Nervous System: An Overview
      • Neurons
      • Supporting Cells
      • The Blood–Brain Barrier
    • Communication Within a Neuron
      • Neural Communication: An Overview
      • Measuring Electrical Potentials of Axons
      • The Membrane Potential
      • The Action Potential
      • Conduction of the Action Potential
    • Communication Between Neurons
      • Structure of Synapses
      • Release of Neurotransmitters
      • Activation of Receptors
      • Postsynaptic Potentials
      • Termination of Postsynaptic Potentials
      • Effects of Postsynaptic Potentials: Neural Integration
      • Autoreceptors
      • Other Types of Synapses
      • Other Forms of Chemical Communication
    • Chapter Review Questions
  • 3 Structure of the Nervous System
    • Basic Features of the Nervous System
      • Anatomical Directions
      • Meninges
      • The Ventricular System and Production of CSF
    • Development of the Nervous System
      • An Overview of Brain Development
      • Prenatal Brain Development
      • Postnatal Brain Development
    • Structure and Function of the Central Nervous System
      • The Forebrain
      • The Midbrain
      • The Hindbrain
      • The Spinal Cord
    • Structure and Function of the Peripheral Nervous System
      • Cranial Nerves
      • Spinal Nerves
      • The Autonomic Nervous System
    • Chapter Review Questions
  • 4 Psychopharmacology
    • Principles of Psychopharmacology
      • An Overview of Psychopharmacology
      • Pharmacokinetics
      • Drug Effectiveness
      • Effects of Repeated Administration
      • Placebo Effects
    • Sites of Drug Action
      • Effects on Production of Neurotransmitters
      • Effects on Storage and Release of Neurotransmitters
      • Effects on Receptors
      • Effects on Reuptake or Destruction of Neurotransmitters
    • Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators
      • Amino Acids
      • Acetylcholine
      • The Monoamines
      • Peptides
      • Lipids
    • Chapter Review Questions
  • 5 Methods and Strategies of Research
    • Experimental Ablation
      • Evaluating the Behavioral Effects of Brain Damage
      • Producing Brain Lesions
      • Stereotaxic Surgery
      • Histological Methods
      • Tracing Neural Connections
      • Studying the Structure of the Living Human Brain
    • Recording and Stimulating Neural Activity
      • Recording Neural Activity
      • Recording the Brain’s Metabolic and Synaptic Activity
      • Stimulating Neural Activity
    • Neurochemical Methods
      • Finding Neurons That Produce Particular Neurochemicals
      • Localizing Particular Receptors
      • Measuring Chemicals Secreted in the Brain
    • Genetic Methods
      • Twin Studies
      • Adoption Studies
      • Genomic Studies
      • Targeted Mutations
      • Antisense Oligonucleotides
    • Chapter Review Questions
  • 6 Vision
    • The Eye
      • Introduction to Sensation and Perception
      • The Stimulus: Light
      • Anatomy of the Eye
      • Photoreceptors
      • Transduction
      • Central and Peripheral Vision
      • The Optic Nerves
      • Overview of the Visual Pathway
    • Brain Regions Involved in Visual Processing
      • Lateral Geniculate Nucleus
      • Striate Cortex
      • Extrastriate Cortex
    • Perception of Color
      • Role of the Retinal Ganglion Cells in Light/Dark Perception
      • Role of the Retina in Color Perception
      • Role of the Striate Cortex
      • Role of the Extrastriate Cortex
    • Perception of Form
      • Role of the Striate Cortex
      • Role of the Extrastriate Cortex
    • Perception of Spatial Location
      • Role of the Retina
      • Role of the Striate Cortex
      • Role of the Extrastriate Cortex
    • Perception of Orientation and Movement
      • Role of the Striate Cortex
      • Role of the Extrastriate Cortex
    • Chapter Review Questions
  • 7 Audition, the Body Senses, and the Chemical Senses
    • Audition
      • The Stimulus
      • Anatomy of the Ear
      • Auditory Hair Cells and the Transduction of Auditory Information
      • The Auditory Pathway
      • Perception of Pitch
      • Perception of Loudness
      • Perception of Timbre
      • Perception of Spatial Location
      • Perception of Complex Sounds
      • Perception of Music
    • Vestibular System
      • Anatomy of the Vestibular Apparatus
      • The Vestibular Pathway
    • Somatosenses
      • The Stimuli
      • Anatomy of the Skin and Its Receptive Organs
      • Perception of Cutaneous Stimulation
      • The Somatosensory Pathways
      • Perception of Pain
    • Gustation
      • The Stimuli
      • Anatomy of the Taste Buds and Gustatory Cells
      • Perception of Gustatory Information
      • The Gustatory Pathway
    • Olfaction
      • The Stimulus and Anatomy of the Olfactory Apparatus
      • Transduction of Olfactory Information
      • Perception of Specific Odors
    • Chapter Review Questions
  • 8 Control of Movement
    • Skeletal Muscle
      • Anatomy
      • The Physical Basis of Muscular Contraction
      • Sensory Feedback from Muscles
    • Control of Movement by the Spinal Cord
      • The Monosynaptic Stretch Reflex
      • The Gamma Motor System
      • Polysynaptic Reflexes
    • Control of Movement by the Brain
      • Cortical Structures
      • Cortical Control of Movement: Descending Pathways
      • Planning and Initiating Movements: Role of the Motor Association Cortex
      • Subcortical Structures
    • Complex Motor Behavior
      • Imitating and Comprehending Movements: Role of the Mirror Neuron System
      • Control of Reaching and Grasping: Role of the Parietal Cortex
    • Deficits of Skilled Movements: The Apraxias
      • Limb Apraxia
      • Constructional Apraxia
    • Chapter Review Questions
  • 9 Sleep and Biological Rhythms
    • What Is Sleep?
      • Stages of Sleep
      • Brain Activity During Sleep
    • Why Do We Sleep?
      • Functions of Slow-Wave Sleep
      • Functions of REM Sleep
      • Sleep and Learning
    • Physiological Mechanisms of Sleep and Waking
      • Neural Control of Sleep
      • Neural Control of Arousal
      • Neural Control of Sleep/Wake Transitions
      • Neural Control of Transition to REM
    • Disorders of Sleep
      • Insomnia
      • Narcolepsy
      • REM Sleep Behavior Disorder
      • Problems Associated with Slow-Wave Sleep
    • Biological Clocks
      • Circadian Rhythms and Zeitgebers
      • The Suprachiasmatic Nucleus
      • Control of Seasonal Rhythms: The Pineal Gland and Melatonin
      • Changes in Circadian Rhythms: Shift Work and Jet Lag
    • Chapter Review Questions
  • 10 Reproductive Behavior
    • Sexual Development
      • Production of Gametes and Fertilization
      • Development of the Sex Organs
      • Sexual Maturation
    • Hormonal Control of Sexual Behavior
      • Hormonal Control of Female Reproductive Cycles
      • Hormonal Control of Sexual Behavior of Laboratory Animals
      • Organizational Effects of Androgens on Behavior: Masculinization and Defeminization
      • Human Sexual Behavior
      • Effects of Pheromones
    • Neural Control of Sexual Behavior
      • Males
      • Females
      • Formation of Pair Bonds
    • Sexual Orientation
      • Activational and Organizational Effects of Hormones
      • Role of Androgens
      • Cloacal Exstrophy
      • The Sexually Dimorphic Brain
      • Role of Prenatal Environment in Sexual Orientation
      • Heredity and Sexual Orientation
    • Parental Behavior
      • Maternal Behavior of Rodents
      • Hormonal Control of Maternal Behavior
      • Neural Control of Maternal Behavior
      • Neural Control of Paternal Behavior
    • Chapter Review Questions
  • 11 Emotion
    • Fear
      • Components of Emotional Response
      • Research with Laboratory Animals
      • Research with Humans
    • Aggression
      • Research with Laboratory Animals
      • Research with Humans
      • Hormonal Control of Aggressive Behavior
    • Impulse Control
      • Role of the vmPFC
      • Brain Development and Impulse Control
      • Crime and Impulse Control
      • Serotonin and Impulse Control
      • Moral Decision Making
    • Communication of Emotions
      • Facial Expression of Emotions: Innate Responses
      • Neural Basis of the Communication of Emotions: Recognition
      • Neural Basis of the Communication of Emotions: Expression
    • Feelings of Emotions
      • The James-Lange Theory
      • Feedback from Emotional Expressions
    • Chapter Review Questions
  • 12 Ingestive Behavior
    • Drinking
      • Physiological Regulatory Mechanisms
      • Two Types of Thirst
      • Neural Mechanisms of Thirst
    • Eating: What Is Metabolism?
      • The Short-Term Reservoir
      • The Long-Term Reservoir
      • Fasting Phase
      • Absorptive Phase
    • Eating: Signals to Start a Meal
      • Signals from the Digestive System
      • Metabolic Signals
    • Eating: Signals to Stop a Meal
      • Short-Term Satiety
      • Signals from Environmental Factors
      • Signals from Sensory Factors
      • Signals from Gastric Factors
      • Signals from Intestinal Factors
      • Signals from Liver Factors
      • Signals from Insulin
      • Long-Term Satiety: Signals from Adipose Tissue
    • Brain Mechanisms
      • Brain Stem
      • Hypothalamus
    • Obesity
      • Possible Causes
      • Treatment
    • Eating Disorders
      • Possible Causes
      • Treatment
    • Chapter Review Questions
  • 13 Learning and Memory
    • Overview of Learning and Memory
      • Types of Learning
      • Types of Memory
    • Stimulus-Response Learning
      • Classical Conditioning
      • Operant Conditioning
    • Motor Learning
      • Role of the Cortex
      • Role of the Basal Ganglia
    • Perceptual Learning
      • Role of the Cortex
      • Retaining Perceptual Information in Short-Term Memory
    • Relational Learning
      • Role of the Hippocampus
      • Role of the Cortex
    • Amnesia
      • Role of the Hippocampus
      • Stimulus-Response Learning
      • Motor Learning
      • Perceptual Learning
      • Relational Learning
    • Long-Term Potentiation
      • Induction of Long-Term Potentiation
      • Role of NMDA Receptors
      • Role of AMPA Receptors
      • Role of Synaptic Changes
    • Chapter Review Questions
  • 14 Human Communication
    • Language Production and Comprehension: Brain Mechanisms
      • Lateralization
      • Language Production
      • Language Comprehension
      • Bilingualism
      • Prosody
      • Recognition of People’s Voices
    • Disorders of Language Production and Comprehension
      • Disorders of Language Production: Broca’s Aphasia
      • Disorders of Language Comprehension: Wernicke’s Aphasia
      • Conduction Aphasia
      • Aphasia in People Who Are Deaf
      • Stuttering
    • Disorders of Reading and Writing
      • Relation to Aphasia
      • Pure Alexia
      • Toward an Understanding of Reading
      • Toward an Understanding of Writing
    • Chapter Review Questions
  • 15 Neurological Disorders
    • Tumors and Seizures
      • Tumors
      • Seizures
    • Cerebrovascular Accidents
      • Causes
      • Treatments
    • Traumatic Brain Injury
      • Causes
      • Treatments
    • Disorders of Development
      • Toxic Chemicals
      • Inherited Metabolic Disorders
      • Down Syndrome
    • Degenerative Disorders
      • Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies
      • Parkinson’s Disease
      • Huntington’s Disease
      • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
      • Multiple Sclerosis
      • Dementia
      • Korsakoff’s Syndrome
    • Disorders Caused by Infectious Diseases
      • Encephalitis
      • Meningitis
    • Chapter Review Questions
  • 16 Schizophrenia and the Affective Disorders
    • Schizophrenia
      • Description
      • Heritability
      • Environmental Factors
      • Anomalies in Schizophrenia
      • The Mesolimbic Dopamine Pathway: Positive Symptoms
      • The Mesocortical Dopamine Pathway: Negative and Cognitive Symptoms
    • Affective Disorders
      • Description
      • Heritability
      • Biological Treatments
      • Role of the Frontal Cortex
      • The Monoamine Hypothesis
      • Role of the 5-HT Transporter
      • Role of Neurogenesis
      • Role of Circadian Rhythms
    • Chapter Review Questions
  • 17 Stress, Anxiety, and Neurodevelopmental Disorders
    • Stress
      • Physiology of the Stress Response
      • Health Effects of Long-Term Stress
      • Effects of Stress on the Brain
      • Psychoneuroimmunology
    • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
      • Symptoms
      • Heritability
      • Brain Changes
      • Treatment
    • Anxiety Disorders
      • Symptoms
      • Heritability
      • Brain Changes
      • Treatment
    • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
      • Symptoms
      • Heritability
      • Brain Changes
      • Treatment
    • Autism Spectrum Disorder
      • Symptoms
      • Heritability
      • Brain Changes
    • Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
      • Symptoms
      • Heritability
      • Brain Changes
    • Chapter Review Questions
  • 18 Substance Abuse
    • Common Features of Substance Abuse
      • Positive Reinforcement
      • Negative Reinforcement
    • Heredity
      • Alcohol
      • Nicotine
      • Stimulants
    • Commonly Abused Drugs
      • Opiates
      • Stimulants
      • Nicotine
      • Alcohol
      • Cannabis
    • Treatment for Substance Abuse
      • Opiates
      • Stimulants
      • Nicotine
      • Alcohol
      • Brain Stimulation
    • Chapter Review Questions
  • Glossary
  • References
  • Credits
  • Subject Index
  • Imprint

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Vörumerki: Pearson
Vörunúmer: 9781292218656
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Physiology of Behavior, Global Edition

Vörumerki: Pearson
Vörunúmer: 9781292218656
Rafræn bók. Uppl. sendar á netfangið þitt eftir kaup

Veldu vöru

4.990 kr.
Get the product now
4.990 kr.