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Netter's Atlas of Neuroscience (Revised)

Vörumerki: Elsevier
Vörunúmer: 9780323265119
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Netter's Atlas of Neuroscience (Revised)

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  • Inside Front Cover
  • Marketing ad
  • Netter's Atlas of Neuroscience
  • Copyright Page
  • About the Authors
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgments
  • Preface
    • Organization of Netter’s Atlas of Neuroscience
  • About the Artists
  • Table Of Contents
  • Video Contents
  • I Overview of the Nervous System
    • 1 Neurons and Their Properties
      • Anatomical and Molecular Properties
        • 1.1 Neuronal Structure
        • 1.2 3D Neuronal Structure And Neurohistology
        • 1.3 Types of Synapses
        • 1.4 Neuronal Cell Types
        • 1.5 Glial Cell Types
        • 1.6 Astrocyte Biology
        • 1.7 Microglial Biology
        • 1.8 Oligodendrocyte Biology
        • 1.9 Neuronal Growth Factors And Trophic Factors
        • 1.10 Stem Cells In The CNS: Intrinsic And Extrinsic Mechanisms
        • 1.11 Stem Cell Therapy
        • 1.12 Blood-Brain Barrier
        • 1.13 Inflammation in the CNS
        • 1.14 Axonal Transport in the CNS and PNS
        • 1.15 Myelination of CNS and PNS Axons
        • 1.16 Development of Myelination and Axon Ensheathment
      • Electrical Properties
        • 1.17 Neuronal Resting Potential
        • 1.18 Neuronal Membrane Potential and Sodium Channels
        • 1.19 Graded Potentials in Neurons
        • 1.20 Mechanisms of Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials and Inhibitory Postsynaptic Potentials
        • 1.21 Action Potentials
        • 1.22 Propagation of the Action Potential
        • 1.23 Conduction Velocity
        • 1.24 Classification of Peripheral Nerve Fibers by Size and Conduction Velocity
        • 1.25 Electromyography and Conduction Velocity Studies
        • 1.26 Presynaptic and Postsynaptic Inhibition
        • 1.27 Spatial and Temporal Summation
        • 1.28 Normal Electrical Firing Patterns of Cortical Neurons and the Origin and Spread of Seizures
        • 1.29 Electroencephalography
        • 1.30 Types of Electrical Discharges in Generalized Seizures and Sites of Action of Antiseizure Medic
        • 1.31 Visual and Auditory Evoked Potentials
      • Neurotransmitter and Signaling Properties
        • 1.32 Synaptic Morphology
        • 1.33 Mechanisms of Molecular Signaling in Neurons
        • 1.34 Neurotransmitter Release
        • 1.35 Multiple Neurotransmitter Synthesis, Release, and Signaling from Individual Neurons
        • 1.36 Neuronal Signal Transduction: Local Regulation of Synaptic Strength at An Excitatory Synapse
        • 1.37 Neuronal Signal Transduction: Regulation of Nuclear Signaling
        • 1.38 Glucocorticoid Regulation of Neurons and Apoptosis
        • 1.39 Chemical Neurotransmission
          • Amino Acid Synapse
          • Catecholamine Synapse
          • Serotonin Synapse
          • Peptide Synapses
          • Acetylcholine (Cholinergic) Synapse
    • 2 Skull and Meninges
      • 2.1 Interior View of the Base of the Adult Skull
      • 2.2 Foramina in the Base of the Adult Skull
      • 2.3 Bony Framework of the Head and Neck
      • 2.4 Schematic of the Meninges and Their Relationships to the Brain and Skull
      • 2.5 Hematomas
    • 3 Brain
      • 3.1 Surface Anatomy of the Forebrain: Lateral View
      • 3.2 Lateral View of the Forebrain: Functional Regions
      • 3.3 Lateral View of the Forebrain: Brodmann’s Areas
      • 3.4 Anatomy of the Medial (Midsagittal) Surface of the Brain in Situ
      • 3.5 Anatomy of the Medial (Midsagittal) Surface of the Brain, with Brain Stem Removed
      • 3.6 Medial Surface of the Brain
      • 3.7 Anatomy of the Basal Surface of the Brain, with the Brain Stem and Cerebellum Removed
      • 3.8 Basal Surface of the Brain: Functional Areas and Brodmann’s Areas
      • 3.9 Brain Imaging: Computed Tomography Scans, Coronal and Sagittal
      • 3.10 Brain Imaging: Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Axial and Sagittal T1-Weighted Images
      • 3.11 Brain Imaging: Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Axial and Sagittal T2-Weighted Images
      • 3.12 Positron Emission Tomography Scanning
      • 3.13 Horizontal Brain Sections Showing the Basal Ganglia
      • 3.14 Major Limbic Forebrain Structures
      • 3.15 Corpus Callosum
      • 3.16 Color Imaging of the Corpus Callosum by Diffusion Tensor Imaging
      • 3.17 Hippocampal Formation and Fornix
      • 3.18 Thalamic Anatomy
      • 3.19 Thalamic Nuclei
    • 4 Brain Stem and Cerebellum
      • 4.1 Brain Stem Surface Anatomy: Posterolateral View
      • 4.2 Brain Stem Surface Anatomy: Anterior View
      • 4.3 Cerebellar Anatomy: External Features
      • 4.4 Cerebellar Anatomy: Internal Features
    • 5 Spinal Cord
      • 5.1 Spinal Column: Bony Anatomy
      • 5.2 Lumbar Vertebrae: Radiography
      • 5.3 Spinal Cord: Gross Anatomy in Situ
      • 5.4 The Spinal Cord: Its Meninges and Spinal Roots
      • 5.5 Spinal Cord: Cross-Sectional Anatomy in Situ
      • 5.6 Spinal Cord: White and Gray Matter
    • 6 Ventricles and the Cerebrospinal Fluid
      • 6.1 Ventricular Anatomy
      • 6.2 Ventricular Anatomy in Coronal Forebrain Section
      • 6.3 Anatomy of the Fourth Ventricle: Posterior View with Cerebellum Removed
      • 6.4 Anatomy of the Fourth Ventricle: Lateral View
      • 6.5 Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Ventricles: Axial and Coronal Views
      • 6.6 Circulation of the Cerebrospinal Fluid
    • 7 Vasculature
      • Arterial System
        • 7.1 Meningeal Arteries: Relationship to Skull and Dura
        • 7.2 Arterial Supply to the Brain and Meninges
        • 7.3 Common Sites of Cerebrovascular Occlusive Disease
        • 7.4 Internal Carotid and Ophthalmic Artery Course
        • 7.5 Arterial Distribution to the Brain: Basal View
        • 7.6 Arterial Distribution to the Brain: Cutaway Basal View Showing the Circle of Willis
        • 7.7 Arterial Distribution to the Brain: Frontal View with Hemispheres Retracted
        • 7.8 Arterial Distribution to the Brain: Coronal Forebrain Section
        • 7.9 Types of Strokes
        • 7.10 Schematic of Arteries to the Brain
        • 7.11 Circle of Willis: Schematic Illustration and Vessels in Situ
        • 7.12 Arterial Distribution to the Brain: Lateral and Medial Views
        • 7.13 Territories of the Cerebral Arteries
        • 7.14 Magnetic Resonance Angiography: Frontal and Lateral Views
        • 7.15 Angiographic Anatomy of the Internal Carotid Circulation
        • 7.16 Vertebrobasilar Arterial System
        • 7.17 Angiographic Anatomy of the Vertebrobasilar System
        • 7.18 Occlusive Sites of the Vertebrobasilar System
        • 7.19 Vascular Supply to the Hypothalamus and the Pituitary Gland
        • 7.20 Arterial Blood Supply to the Spinal Cord: Longitudinal View
        • 7.21 Anterior and Posterior Spinal Arteries and Their Distribution
        • 7.22 Arterial Supply to the Spinal Cord: Cross-Sectional View
      • Venous System
        • 7.23 Meninges and Superficial Cerebral Veins
        • 7.24 Veins: Superficial Cerebral, Meningeal, Diploic, and Emissary
        • 7.25 Venous Sinuses
        • 7.26 Deep Venous Drainage of the Brain
        • 7.27 Deep Venous Drainage of the Brain: Relationship to the Ventricles
        • 7.28 Carotid Venograms: Venous Phase
        • 7.29 Magnetic Resonance Venography: Coronal and Sagittal Views
        • 7.30 Venous Drainage of the Brain Stem and the Cerebellum
        • 7.31 Venous Drainage of the Spinal Cord
    • 8 Developmental Neuroscience
      • 8.1 Formation of the Neural Plate, Neural Tube, and Neural Crest
      • 8.2 Neurulation
      • 8.3 Neural Tube Development and Neural Crest Formation
      • 8.4 Development of Peripheral Axons
      • 8.5 Somatic Versus Splanchnic Nerve Development
      • 8.6 Limb Rotation and Dermatomes
      • 8.7 Neural Proliferation and Differentiation: Walls of the Neural Tube
      • 8.8 Neural Tube and Neural Crest Derivatives
      • 8.9 Early Brain Development: the 28-Day-Old Embryo
      • 8.10 Early Brain Development: the 36-Day-Old Embryo
      • 8.11 Early Brain Development: the 49-Day-Old Embryo and the 3-Month-Old Embryo
      • 8.12 Forebrain Development: 7 Weeks Through 3 Months
      • 8.13 The 6-Month and 9-Month Central Nervous Systems
      • 8.14 Neurogenesis and Cell Migration in the Developing Neocortex
      • 8.15 Comparison of -Week and Adult Central Nervous System Regions
      • 8.16 Alar and Basal Plate Derivatives in the Brain Stem
      • 8.17 Adult Derivatives of the Forebrain, Midbrain, and Hindbrain
      • 8.18 Cranial Nerve Primordia
      • 8.19 Cranial Nerve Neuron Components
      • 8.20 Development of Motor and Preganglionic Autonomic Nuclei in the Brain Stem and Spinal Cord
      • 8.21 Development of the Eye and Orbit
      • 8.22 Development of the Ear
      • 8.23 Development of the Pituitary Gland
      • 8.24 Development of the Ventricles
      • 8.25 Development of the Fourth Ventricle
      • 8.26 Neural Tube Defects
      • 8.27 Defects of the Brain and Skull
  • II Regional Neuroscience
    • 9 Peripheral Nervous System
      • Introduction and Basic Organization
        • 9.1 Schematic of the Spinal Cord with Sensory, Motor, and Autonomic Components of Peripheral Nerves
        • 9.2 Anatomy of a Peripheral Nerve
        • 9.3 Nerve Compression and Pressure Gradients
        • 9.4 Peripheral Nerve Injury and Degeneration in a Compression Neuropathy
        • 9.5 Relationship of Spinal Nerve Roots to Vertebrae
        • 9.6 Lumbar Disc Herniation: L4–L5 and L5–S1
        • 9.7 Sensory Channels: Reflex and Cerebellar
        • 9.8 Sensory Channels: Lemniscal
        • 9.9 Motor Channels: Basic Organization of Lower and Upper Motor Neurons
        • 9.10 Autonomic Channels
        • 9.11 Cutaneous Receptors
        • 9.12 Pacinian Corpuscles
        • 9.13 Interoceptors
        • 9.14 Skin and Its Nerves
        • 9.15 The Neuromuscular Junction and Neurotransmission
        • 9.16 Physiology of the Neuromuscular Junction
        • 9.17 Major Structures and Proteins in the Normal Neuromuscular Junction
        • 9.18 Neuroeffector Junctions
      • Somatic Nervous System
        • 9.19 Dermatomal Distribution
        • 9.20 Cutaneous Distribution of Peripheral Nerves
        • 9.21 Cutaneous Nerves of the Head and Neck
        • 9.22 Cervical Plexus in Situ
        • 9.23 Cervical Plexus
        • 9.24 Phrenic Nerve
        • 9.25 Thoracic Nerves
        • 9.26 Brachial Plexus
        • 9.27 Dermatomes of the Upper Limb
        • 9.28 Cervical Disc Herniation
        • 9.29 Cutaneous Innervation of the Upper Limb
        • 9.30 The Scapular, Axillary, and Radial Nerves Above the Elbow
        • 9.31 Radial Nerve in the Forearm
        • 9.32 Musculocutaneous Nerve
        • 9.33 Median Nerve
        • 9.34 Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
        • 9.35 Ulnar Nerve
        • 9.36 Lumbar Plexus
        • 9.37 Sacral and Coccygeal Plexuses
        • 9.38 Femoral and Lateral Femoral Cutaneous Nerves
        • 9.39 Obturator Nerve
        • 9.40 Sciatic and Posterior Femoral Cutaneous Nerves
        • 9.41 Tibial Nerve
        • 9.42 Common Peroneal Nerve
      • Autonomic Nervous System
        • 9.43 General Schema
        • 9.44 Autonomic Innervation of the Immune System and Metabolic Organs
        • 9.45 Reflex Pathways
        • 9.46 Cholinergic and Adrenergic Synapses
        • 9.47 Schematic of Cholinergic and Adrenergic Distribution to Motor and Autonomic Structures
        • 9.48 Autonomic Distribution to the Head and Neck: Medial View
        • 9.49 Autonomic Distribution to the Head and Neck: Lateral View
        • 9.50 Schematic of Autonomic Distribution to the Head and Neck
        • 9.51 Autonomic Distribution to the Eye
        • 9.52 Autonomic Innervation of the Nasal Cavity
        • 9.53 Schematic of the Pterygopalatine and Submandibular Ganglia
        • 9.54 Schematic of the otic Ganglion
        • 9.55 Innervation of the Limbs
        • 9.56 Thoracic Sympathetic Chain and Splanchnic Nerves
        • 9.57 Innervation of the Tracheobronchial Tree
        • 9.58 Innervation of the Heart
        • 9.59 Abdominal Nerves and Ganglia
        • 9.60 Nerves of the Esophagus
        • 9.61 Innervation of the Stomach and Proximal Duodenum
        • 9.62 Nerves of the Stomach and Duodenum
        • 9.63 Innervation of the Small and Large Intestines
        • 9.64 Nerves of the Small Intestine
        • 9.65 Nerves of the Large Intestine
        • 9.66 Enteric Nervous System: Longitudinal View
        • 9.67 Enteric Nervous System: Cross-Sectional View
        • 9.68 Autonomic Innervation of the Liver and Biliary Tract
        • 9.69 Autonomic Innervation of the Pancreas
        • 9.70 Schematic of Innervation of the Adrenal Gland
        • 9.71 Innervation of the Adrenal Gland
        • 9.72 Autonomic Pelvic Nerves and Ganglia
        • 9.73 Nerves of the Kidneys, Ureters, and Urinary Bladder
        • 9.74 Innervation of the Kidneys and Upper Ureter
        • 9.75 Innervation of the Urinary Bladder and Lower Ureter
        • 9.76 Innervation of the Male Reproductive Organs
        • 9.77 Innervation of the Female Reproductive Organs
    • 10 Spinal Cord
      • 10.1 Cytoarchitecture of the Spinal Cord Gray Matter
      • 10.2 Spinal Cord Levels: Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, and Sacral
      • 10.3 Spinal Cord Levels: Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, and Sacral (continued)
      • 10.4 Spinal Cord Levels: Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, and Sacral (continued)
      • 10.5 Spinal Cord Levels: Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, and Sacral (continued)
      • 10.6 Spinal Cord Histological Cross Sections
      • 10.7 Spinal Cord Histological Cross Sections (continued)
      • 10.8 Spinal Cord Imaging
      • 10.9 Spinal Cord Syndromes
      • 10.10 Spinal Cord Lower Motor Neuron Organization and Control
      • 10.11 Spinal Somatic Reflex Pathways
      • 10.12 Muscle and Joint Receptors and Muscle Spindles
      • 10.13 The Muscle Stretch Reflex and Its Central Control via Gamma Motor Neurons
    • 11 Brain Stem and Cerebellum
      • Brain Stem Cross-Sectional Anatomy
        • 11.1 Brain Stem Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Section 1
        • 11.2 Brain Stem Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Section 2
        • 11.3 Brain Stem Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Section 3
        • 11.4 Brain Stem Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Section 4
        • 11.5 Brain Stem Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Section 5
        • 11.6 Brain Stem Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Section 6
        • 11.7 Brain Stem Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Section 7
        • 11.8 Brain Stem Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Section 8
        • 11.9 Brain Stem Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Section 9
        • 11.10 Brain Stem Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Section 10
        • 11.11 Brain Stem Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Section 11
        • 11.12 Brain Stem Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Section 12
        • 11.13 Brain Stem Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Section 13
        • 11.14 Brain Stem Cross-Sectional Anatomy: Section 14
        • 11.15 Brain Stem Arterial Syndromes
      • Cranial Nerves and Cranial Nerve Nuclei
        • 11.16 Cranial Nerves: Schematic of Distribution of Sensory, Motor, and Autonomic Fibers
        • 11.17 Cranial Nerves and Their Nuclei: Schematic View From Above
        • 11.18 Cranial Nerves and Their Nuclei: Schematic Lateral View
        • 11.19 Nerves of the Orbit
        • 11.20 Nerves of the Orbit (Continued)
        • 11.21 Extraocular Nerves (III, IV, and VI) and the Ciliary Ganglion: View in Relation to the Eye
        • 11.22 Trigeminal Nerve (V)
        • 11.23 Innervation of the Teeth
        • 11.24 Facial Nerve (VII)
        • 11.25 Facial Nerve Branches and the Parotid Gland
        • 11.26 Vestibulocochlear Nerve (VIII)
        • 11.27 Glossopharyngeal Nerve (IX)
        • 11.28 Accessory Nerve (XI)
        • 11.29 Vagus Nerve (X)
        • 11.30 Hypoglossal Nerve (XII)
      • Reticular Formation
        • 11.31 Reticular Formation: General Pattern of Nuclei in the Brain Stem
        • 11.32 Reticular Formation: Nuclei and Areas in the Brain Stem and Diencephalon
        • 11.33 Major Afferent and Efferent Connections to the Reticular Formation
        • 11.34 Sleep-Wakefulness Control
      • Cerebellum
        • 11.35 Cerebellar Organization: Lobes and Regions
        • 11.36 Cerebellar Anatomy: Lobules
        • 11.37 Cerebellar Anatomy: Deep Nuclei and Cerebellar Peduncles
    • 12 Diencephalon
      • 12.1 Thalamic Anatomy and Interconnections with the Cerebral Cortex
      • 12.2 Hypothalamus and Pituitary Gland
      • 12.3 Hypothalamic Nuclei
    • 13 Telencephalon
      • 13.1A Axial (Horizontal) Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 1—Mid Pons
      • 13.1B Axial (Horizontal) Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 1—Mid Pons
      • 13.2A Axial (Horizontal) Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 2—Rostral Pons
      • 13.2B Axial (Horizontal) Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 2—Rostral Pons (Continued)
      • 13.3A Axial (Horizontal) Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 3—Midbrain
      • 13.3B Axial (Horizontal) Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 3—Midbrain (Continued)
      • 13.4A Axial (Horizontal) Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 4—Rostral Midbrain and Hypothalamus
      • 13.4B Axial (Horizontal) Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 4—Rostral Midbrain and Hypothalamus
      • 13.5A Axial (Horizontal) Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 5—Anterior Commissure and Caudal Th
      • 13.5B Axial (Horizontal) Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 5—Anterior Commissure and Caudal Th
      • 13.6A Axial (Horizontal) Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 6—Head of Caudate and Midthalamus
      • 13.6B Axial (Horizontal) Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 6—Head of Caudate and Midthalamus (
      • 13.7A Axial (Horizontal) Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 7—Basal Ganglia and Internal Capsul
      • 13.7B Axial (Horizontal) Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 7—Basal Ganglia and Internal Capsul
      • 13.8A Axial (Horizontal) Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 8—Dorsal Caudate, Splenium, and Gen
      • 13.8B Axial (Horizontal) Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 8—Dorsal Caudate, Splenium, and Gen
      • 13.9A Axial (Horizontal) Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 9—Body of Corpus Callosum
      • 13.9B Axial (Horizontal) Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 9—Body of Corpus Callosum (Continue
      • 13.10A Axial (Horizontal) Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 10—Centrum Semiovale
      • 13.10B Axial (Horizontal) Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 10—Centrum Semiovale (Continued)
      • 13.11A Coronal Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 1—Genu of Corpus Callosum
      • 13.11B Coronal Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 1—Genu of Corpus Callosum (Continued)
      • 13.12A Coronal Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 2—Head of Caudate Nucleus/Nucleus Accumbens
      • 13.12B Coronal Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 2—Head of Caudate Nucleus/Nucleus Accumbens (
      • 13.13A Coronal Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 3—Anterior Commissure/Columns of Fornix
      • 13.13B Coronal Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 3—Anterior Commissure/Columns of Fornix (Cont
      • 13.14A Coronal Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 4—Amygdala, Anterior Limb of Internal Capsule
      • 13.14B Coronal Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 4—Amygdala, Anterior Limb of Internal Capsule
      • 13.15A Coronal Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 5—Mammillary Body
      • 13.15B Coronal Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 5—Mammillary Body (Continued)
      • 13.16A Coronal Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 6—Mammillothalamic Tract/Substantia Nigra, Ro
      • 13.16B Coronal Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 6—Mammillothalamic Tract/Substantia Nigra, Ro
      • 13.17A Coronal Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 7—Midthalamus
      • 13.17B Coronal Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 7—Midthalamus (Continued)
      • 13.18A Coronal Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 8—Geniculate Nuclei
      • 13.18B Coronal Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 8—Geniculate Nuclei (Continued)
      • 13.19A Coronal Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 9—Caudal Pulvinar and Superior Colliculus
      • 13.19B Coronal Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 9—Caudal Pulvinar and Superior Colliculus (Co
      • 13.20A Coronal Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 10—Splenium of Corpus Callosum
      • 13.20B Coronal Sections Through the Forebrain: Level 10—Splenium of Corpus Callosum (Continued)
      • 13.21 Layers of the Cerebral Cortex
      • 13.22 Cortical Neuronal Cell Types
      • 13.23 Vertical Columns: Functional Units of the Cerebral Cortex
      • 13.24 Efferent Connections of the Cerebral Cortex
      • 13.25 Neuronal Origins of Efferent Connections of the Cerebral Cortex
      • 13.26 Cortical Association Pathways
      • 13.27 Major Cortical Association Bundles
      • 13.28 Color Imaging of Association Pathways
      • 13.29 Color Imaging of Projection Pathways from the Cerebral Cortex
      • 13.30 Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
      • 13.31 Aphasias and Cortical Areas of Damage
      • 13.32 Noradrenergic Pathways
      • 13.33 Serotonergic Pathways
      • 13.34 Dopaminergic Pathways
      • 13.35 Central Cholinergic Pathways
      • 13.36 Distribution of Pathology in the Brain in Alzheimer Disease
      • 13.37 The Olfactory Nerve and Nerves of the Nose
  • III Systemic Neuroscience
    • 14 Sensory Systems
      • Somatosensory Systems
        • 14.1 Somatosensory Afferents to the Spinal Cord
        • 14.2 Spinal Somatic Reflex Actions and Pathways
        • 14.3 Somatosensory System: Spinocerebellar Pathways
        • 14.4 Somatosensory System: The Dorsal Column System and Epicritic Modalities
        • 14.5 Somatosensory System: The Spinothalamic and Spinoreticular Systems and Protopathic Modalities (
        • 14.6 Spinothalamic and Spinoreticular Nociceptive Processing in the Spinal Cord
        • 14.7 Mechanisms of Neuropathic Pain and Sympathetically Maintained Pain
        • 14.8 Descending Control of Ascending Somatosensory Systems
      • Trigeminal Sensory System
        • 14.9 Trigeminal Sensory and Associated Sensory Systems
        • 14.10 Pain-Sensitive Structures of the Head and Pain Referral
      • Sensory System for Taste
        • 14.11 Anatomy of Taste Buds and Their Receptors
        • 14.12 Taste Pathways
      • Auditory System
        • 14.13 Peripheral Pathways for Sound Reception
        • 14.14 Bony and Membranous Labyrinths
        • 14.15 VIII Nerve Innervation of Hair Cells of the Organ of Corti
        • 14.16 Cochlear Receptors
        • 14.17 Afferent Auditory Pathways
        • 14.18 Afferent Auditory Pathways (Continued)
        • 14.19 Centrifugal (Efferent) Auditory Pathways
      • Vestibular System
        • 14.20 Vestibular Receptors
        • 14.21 Vestibular Pathways
        • 14.22 Nystagmus
      • Visual System
        • 14.23 Anatomy of the Eye
        • 14.24 Anterior and Posterior Chambers of the Eye
        • 14.25 The Retina: Retinal Layers
        • 14.26 The Retina: Photoreceptors
        • 14.27 The Retina: Optic Nerve
        • 14.28 Arteries and Veins of the Eye
        • 14.29 Anatomy and Relationships of the Optic Chiasm
        • 14.30 Visual Pathways: Retinal Projections to the Thalamus, Hypothalamus, and Brain Stem
        • 14.31 Pupillary Light Reflex
        • 14.32 Visual Pathway: The Retino-Geniculo-Calcarine Pathway
        • 14.33 Visual Pathways in the Parietal and Temporal Lobes
        • 14.34 Visual System Lesions
    • 15 Motor Systems
      • Lower Motor Neurons
        • 15.1 Alpha and Gamma Lower Motor Neurons
        • 15.2 Distribution of Lower Motor Neurons in the Spinal Cord
        • 15.3 Distribution of Lower Motor Neurons in the Brain Stem
      • Upper Motor Neurons
        • 15.4 Cortical Efferent Pathways
        • 15.5 Color Imaging of Cortical Efferent Pathways
        • 15.6 Corticobulbar Tract
        • 15.7 Corticospinal Tract
        • 15.8 Corticospinal Tract Terminations in the Spinal Cord
        • 15.9 Rubrospinal Tract
        • 15.10 Vestibulospinal Tracts
        • 15.11 Reticulospinal and Corticoreticular Pathways
        • 15.12 Tectospinal Tract and Interstitiospinal Tract
        • 15.13 Spinal Cord Terminations of Major Descending Upper Motor Neuron Tracts
        • 15.14 Central Control of Eye Movements
        • 15.15 Central Control of Respiration
      • Cerebellum
        • 15.16 Functional Subdivisions of the Cerebellum
        • 15.17 Cerebellar Neuronal Circuitry
        • 15.18 Circuit Diagrams of Afferent Connections in the Cerebellum
        • 15.19 Afferent Pathways to the Cerebellum
        • 15.20 Cerebellar Efferent Pathways
        • 15.21 Cerebellovestibular and Vestibulocerebellar Pathways
        • 15.22 Schematic Diagrams of Efferent Pathways From the Cerebellum to Upper Motor Neuron Systems
      • Basal Ganglia
        • 15.23 Connections of the Basal Ganglia
        • 15.24 Simplified Schematic of Basal Ganglia Circuitry and Neurochemistry
        • 15.25 Parallel Loops of Circuitry Through the Basal Ganglia
        • 15.26 Connections of Nucleus Accumbens
    • 16 Autonomic-Hypothalamic-Limbic Systems
      • Autonomic Nervous System
        • 16.1 General Organization of the Autonomic Nervous System
      • Hypothalamus and Pituitary
        • 16.2 General Anatomy of the Hypothalamus
        • 16.3 Sections Through the Hypothalamus: Preoptic and Supraoptic Zones
        • 16.4 Sections Through the Hypothalamus: Tuberal Zone
        • 16.5 Sections Through the Hypothalamus: Mammillary Zone
        • 16.6 Schematic Reconstruction of the Hypothalamus
        • 16.7 Forebrain Regions Associated with the Hypothalamus
        • 16.8 Afferent and Efferent Pathways Associated with the Hypothalamus
        • 16.9 Schematic Diagram of Major Hypothalamic Afferent Pathways
        • 16.10 Schematic Diagram of Major Hypothalamic Efferent Pathways
        • 16.11 Summary of General Hypothalamic Connections
        • 16.12 Paraventricular Nucleus of the Hypothalamus: Regulation of Pituitary Neurohormonal Outflow, Au
        • 16.13 Mechanisms of Cytokine Influences on the Hypothalamus and Other Brain Regions and on Behavior
        • 16.14 Circumventricular Organs
        • 16.15 The Hypophyseal Portal Vasculature
        • 16.16 Regulation of Anterior Pituitary Hormone Secretion
        • 16.17 Posterior Pituitary (Neurohypophyseal) Hormones: Oxytocin and Vasopressin
        • 16.18 Vasopressin (Antidiuretic Hormone) Regulation of Water Balance and Fluid Osmolality
        • 16.19 The Hypothalamus and Thermoregulation
        • 16.20 Hypothalamic Regulation of Cardiac Function
        • 16.21 Short-Term Regulation of Blood Pressure
        • 16.22 Long-Term Regulation of Blood Pressure
        • 16.23 Neural Control of Appetite and Hunger
        • 16.24 Signaling Systems Involved in Regulation of Food Intake, Body Weight, and Metabolism
        • 16.25 Neural and Neuroendocrine Roles in the Fight-or-Flight Response
        • 16.26 Neuroimmunomodulation
      • Limbic System
        • 16.27 Anatomy of the Limbic Forebrain
        • 16.28 Hippocampal Formation: General Anatomy
        • 16.29 Neuronal Connections in the Hippocampal Formation
        • 16.30 Major Afferent and Efferent Connections of the Hippocampal Formation
        • 16.31 Afferent and Efferent Connections of the Entorhinal Cortex
        • 16.32 Major Afferent Connections of the Amygdala
        • 16.33 Major Efferent Connections of the Amygdala
        • 16.34 Summary of Major Afferents, Efferents, and Interconnections of the Amygdala
        • 16.35 Major Afferent and Efferent Connections of the Septal Nuclei
        • 16.36 Major Connections of the Cingulate Cortex
      • Olfactory System
        • 16.37 Olfactory Receptors
        • 16.38 Olfactory Pathways
  • Index
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • H
    • I
    • J
    • K
    • L
    • M
    • N
    • O
    • P
    • Q
    • R
    • S
    • T
    • U
    • V
    • W
  • Back Cover

UM RAFBÆKUR Á HEIMKAUP.IS

Bókahillan þín er þitt svæði og þar eru bækurnar þínar geymdar. Þú kemst í bókahilluna þína hvar og hvenær sem er í tölvu eða snjalltæki. Einfalt og þægilegt!

Rafbók til eignar
Rafbók til eignar þarf að hlaða niður á þau tæki sem þú vilt nota innan eins árs frá því bókin er keypt.

Þú kemst í bækurnar hvar sem er
Þú getur nálgast allar raf(skóla)bækurnar þínar á einu augabragði, hvar og hvenær sem er í bókahillunni þinni. Engin taska, enginn kyndill og ekkert vesen (hvað þá yfirvigt).

Auðvelt að fletta og leita
Þú getur flakkað milli síðna og kafla eins og þér hentar best og farið beint í ákveðna kafla úr efnisyfirlitinu. Í leitinni finnur þú orð, kafla eða síður í einum smelli.

Glósur og yfirstrikanir
Þú getur auðkennt textabrot með mismunandi litum og skrifað glósur að vild í rafbókina. Þú getur jafnvel séð glósur og yfirstrikanir hjá bekkjarsystkinum og kennara ef þeir leyfa það. Allt á einum stað.

Hvað viltu sjá? / Þú ræður hvernig síðan lítur út
Þú lagar síðuna að þínum þörfum. Stækkaðu eða minnkaðu myndir og texta með multi-level zoom til að sjá síðuna eins og þér hentar best í þínu námi.



Fleiri góðir kostir
- Þú getur prentað síður úr bókinni (innan þeirra marka sem útgefandinn setur)
- Möguleiki á tengingu við annað stafrænt og gagnvirkt efni, svo sem myndbönd eða spurningar úr efninu
- Auðvelt að afrita og líma efni/texta fyrir t.d. heimaverkefni eða ritgerðir
- Styður tækni sem hjálpar nemendum með sjón- eða heyrnarskerðingu
Eiginleikar
Vörumerki: Elsevier
Vörunúmer: 9780323265119
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