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Microbiology For Dummies

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Efnisyfirlit

  • Introduction
    • About This Book
    • Foolish Assumptions
    • Icons Used in This Book
    • Beyond the Book
    • Where to Go from Here
  • Part I: Getting Started with Microbiology
    • Chapter 1: Microbiology and You
      • Why Microbiology?
      • Introducing the Microorganisms
      • Deconstructing Microbiology
    • Chapter 2: Microbiology: The Young Science
      • Before Microbiology: Misconceptions and Superstitions
      • Discovering Microorganisms
        • Debunking the myth of spontaneous generation
        • Improving medicine, from surgery to antibiotics and more
        • Looking at microbiology outside the human body
      • The Future of Microbiology
        • Exciting frontiers
        • Remaining challenges
    • Chapter 3: Microbes: They’re Everywhere and They Can Do Everything
      • Habitat Diversity
      • Metabolic Diversity
        • Getting energy
        • Capturing carbon
        • Making enzymes
        • Secondary metabolism
      • The Intersection of Microbes and Everyone Else
  • Part II: Balancing the Dynamics of Microbial Life
    • Chapter 4: Understanding Cell Structure and Function
      • Seeing the Shapes of Cells
      • Life on a Minute Scale: Considering the Size of Prokaryotes
      • The Cell: An Overview
      • Scaling the Outer Membrane and Cell Walls
        • Examining the outer membrane
        • Exploring the cell wall
      • Other Important Cell Structures
      • Divining Cell Division
      • Tackling Transport Systems
        • Coasting with the current: Passive transport
        • Upstream paddle: Active transport
        • Keeping things clean with efflux pumps
      • Getting Around with Locomotion
    • Chapter 5: Making Sense of Metabolism
      • Converting with Enzymes
      • In Charge of Energy: Oxidation and Reduction
        • Donating and accepting electrons
        • Bargaining with energy-rich compounds
        • Storing energy for later
      • Breaking Down Catabolism
        • Digesting glycolysis
        • Stepping along with respiration and electron carriers
        • Moving with the proton motive force
        • Turning the citric acid cycle
      • Stacking Up with Anabolism
        • Creating amino acids and nucleic acids
        • Making sugars and polysaccharides
        • Putting together fatty acids and lipids
    • Chapter 6: Getting the Gist of Microbial Genetics
      • Organizing Genetic Material
        • DNA: The recipe for life
        • Perfect plasmids
        • Doubling down with DNA replication
      • Assembling the Cellular Machinery
        • Making messenger RNA
        • Remembering other types of RNA
        • Synthesizing protein
      • Making the Right Amount: Regulation
        • Turning the tap on and off: DNA regulation
        • Regulating protein function
      • Changing the Genetic Code
        • Slight adjustments
        • Major rearrangements
    • Chapter 7: Measuring Microbial Growth
      • Getting Growth Requirements Right
        • Physical requirements
        • Chemical requirements
        • Culturing microbes in the lab
      • Observing Microbes
        • Counting small things
        • Seeing morphology
      • Calculating Cell Division and Population Growth
        • Dividing cells
        • Following growth phases
      • Inhibiting Microbial Growth
        • Physical methods
        • Disinfectants
  • Part III: Sorting Out Microbial Diversity
    • Chapter 8: Appreciating Microbial Ancestry
      • Where Did Microbes Come From?
        • Tracing the origins of life
        • Diversifying early prokaryotes
        • The impact of prokaryotes on the early earth
        • Hitching a ride: Endosymbiosis
      • Understanding Evolution
      • Studying Evolution
        • Choosing marker genes
        • Seeing the direction of gene transfer in prokaryotes
      • Classifying and Naming Microbes
      • Climbing the Tree of Life
    • Chapter 9: Harnessing Energy, Fixing Carbon
      • Forging Ahead with Autotrophic Processes
        • Fixing carbon
      • Using the Energy in Light
        • Harvesting light: Chlorophylls and bacteriochlorophylls
        • Helping photosynthesis out: Carotenoids and phycobilins
        • Generating oxygen (or not): Oxygenic and anoxygenic photosynthesis
      • Getting Energy from the Elements: Chemolithotrophy
        • Harnessing hydrogen
        • Securing electrons from sulfur
        • Pumping iron
        • Oxidizing nitrate and ammonia
    • Chapter 10: Comparing Respiration and Fermentation
      • Lifestyles of the Rich and Facultative
      • Seeing the Big Picture
      • Digging into Respiration
        • Spinning the citric acid cycle
        • Stepping down the electron transport chain
        • Respiring anaerobically
      • Figuring Out Fermentation
    • Chapter 11: Uncovering a Variety of Habitats
      • Defining a Habitat
      • Understanding Nutrient Cycles
        • Carbon cycling
        • Nitrogen cycling
        • Sulfur cycling
        • Phosphorous cycles in the ocean
      • Microbes Socializing in Communities
        • Using quorum sensing to communicate
        • Living in biofilms
        • Exploring microbial mats
      • Discovering Microbes in Aquatic and Terrestrial Habitats
        • Thriving in water
        • Swarming soils
      • Getting Along with Plants and Animals
        • Living with plants
        • Living with animals
        • Living with insects
        • Living with ocean creatures
      • Tolerating Extreme Locations
      • Detecting Microbes in Unexpected Places
  • Part IV: Meeting the Microbes
    • Chapter 12: Meet the Prokaryotes
      • Getting to Know the Bacteria
        • The Gram-negative bacteria: Proteobacteria
        • More Gram-negative bacteria
        • The Gram-positive bacteria
      • Acquainting Yourself with the Archaea
        • Some like it scalding: Extreme thermophiles
        • Going beyond acidic: Extreme acidophiles
        • Super salty: Extreme halophiles
        • Not terribly extreme Archaea
    • Chapter 13: Say Hello to the Eukaryotes
      • Fun with Fungi
        • Figuring out fungal physiology
        • Itemizing fungal diversity
        • Interacting with plant roots
        • Ask us about the Ascomycetes
        • Mushrooms: Basidiomycetes
      • Perusing the Protists
        • Making us sick: Apicoplexans
        • Making plants sick: Oomycetes
        • Chasing amoeba and ciliates
        • Encountering the algae
    • Chapter 14: Examining the Vastness of Viruses
      • Hijacking Cells
        • Frugal viral structure
        • Simplifying viral function
      • Making Heads or Tails of Bacteriophage
        • Lytic phage
        • Temperate phage
        • Transposable phage
      • Discussing Viruses of Eukaryotes
        • Infecting animal cells
        • Following plant viruses
      • How Host Cells Fight Back
        • Restriction enzymes
        • CRISPR
        • Interfering with RNA viruses: RNAi
  • Part V: Seeing the Impact of Microbes
    • Chapter 15: Understanding Microbes in Human Health and Disease
      • Clarifying the Host Immune Response
        • Putting up barriers to infection
        • Raising a red flag with inflammation
        • Holding down the fort with innate immunity
        • Sending out the troops for adaptive immunity
        • Antibodies in action
      • Relying on Antimicrobials for Treating Disease
        • Fundamental features of antibiotics
        • Targets of destruction
        • Unraveling microbial drug resistance
        • Discovering new antibiotics
      • Searching Out Superbugs
        • Staying ahead of vancomycin-resistant enterococci
        • Battling methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
        • Outcompeting Clostridium difficile
        • Pressure from extended-spectrum beta-lactamases
      • Knowing the Benefits of Prebiotics and Probiotics
      • Attacking Viruses with Antiviral Drugs
    • Chapter 16: Putting Microbes to Work: Biotechnology
      • Using Recombinant DNA Technology
        • Making the insert
        • Employing plasmids
        • Cutting with restriction enzymes
        • Getting microbes to take up DNA
        • Using promoters to drive expression
        • Making use of expression vectors
        • Properly folding proteins
        • Being mindful of metabolic load
        • Making long, multi-gene constructs
      • Providing Therapies
        • Improving antibiotics
        • Developing vaccines
      • Using Microbes Industrially
        • Protecting plants with microbial insecticides
        • Making biofuels
        • Bioleaching metals
        • Cleaning up with microbes
    • Chapter 17: Fighting Microbial Diseases
      • Protecting Public Health: Epidemiology
        • Tracking diseases
        • Investigating outbreaks
      • Identifying a Microbial Pathogen
        • Characterizing morphology
        • Using biochemical tests
        • Typing strains with phage
        • Using serology
        • Testing antibiotic susceptibility
      • Understanding Vaccines
        • Understanding how vaccines work
        • Ranking the types of vaccines
  • Part VI: New Frontiers in Microbiology
    • Chapter 18: Teasing Apart Communities
      • Studying Microbial Communities
        • Borrowing from ecology
        • Seeing what sets microbial communities apart from plants and animals
      • Observing Communities: Microbial Ecology Methods
        • Selecting something special with enrichment
        • Seeing cells through lenses
        • Measuring microbial activity
        • Identifying species using marker genes
      • Getting the Hang of Microbial Genetics and Systematics
        • Sequencing whole genomes
        • Using metagenomics to study microbial communities
        • Reading microbial transcriptomics
        • Figuring out proteomics and metabolomics
      • Looking for Microbial Dark Matter
    • Chapter 19: Synthesizing Life
      • Regulating Genes: The lac Operon
        • Using a good natural system
        • Improving a good system
      • Designing Genetic Networks
        • Switching from one state to another
        • Oscillating between states
        • Keeping signals short
      • The Synthetic Biologist’s Toolbox
        • Making it modular
        • Participating in the iGEM competition
  • Part VII: The Part of Tens
    • Chapter 20: Ten (Or So) Diseases Caused by Microbes
      • Ebola
      • Anthrax
      • Influenza
      • Tuberculosis
      • HIV
      • Cholera
      • Smallpox
      • Primary Amoebic Menigoencephalitis
      • The Unknown
    • Chapter 21: Ten Great Uses for Microbes
      • Making Delicious Foods
      • Growing Legumes
      • Brewing Beer, Liquor, and Wine
      • Killing Insect Pests
      • Treating Sewage
      • Contributing to Medicine
      • Setting Up Your Aquarium
      • Making and Breaking Down Biodegradable Plastics
      • Turning Over Compostable Waste
      • Maintaining a Balance
    • Chapter 22: Ten Great Uses for Microbiology
      • Medical Care: Keeping People Healthy
      • Dental Care: Keeping Those Pearly Whites Shining Bright
      • Veterinary Care: Helping Fido and Fluffy to Feel Their Best
      • Monitoring the Environment
      • Making Plants Happy
      • Keeping Fish Swimming Strong
      • Producing Food, Wine, and Beer
      • Science Hacking
      • Looking for Microbes in Clean Rooms
      • Producing Pharmaceuticals
  • About the Authors
  • Cheat Sheet
  • Connect with Dummies
  • End User License Agreement

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Vörumerki: Dummies Series
Vörunúmer: 9781118871263
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Microbiology For Dummies

Vörumerki: Dummies Series
Vörunúmer: 9781118871263
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Veldu vöru

1.740 kr.
Get the product now
1.740 kr.