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Managing Technological Innovation

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Efnisyfirlit

  • Front Matter
    • Dedication
    • Preface
      • Innovation Practice
      • Cases and Theory
      • The Field of Engineering Management and Technology
      • Organization of the Book
      • MBA and EM/MOT Degrees
        • Figure 0.1 MBA and EM/MOT programs
      • Acknowledgments
  • I Technology Competitiveness—Business Base of Innovation
    • 1 Technological Innovation
      • Introduction
      • Timeline of Science, Technology, and Industrialization
        • Figure 1.1 Timelines of science, technology, and economy
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Innovation of the Internet
            • Figure 1.2 Architecture of the Internet
      • Innovation Process
        • Figure 1.3 Innovation process
        • Basic Definitions for Innovation
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Google Inc.
      • Technology and Wealth
        • Figure 1.4 Technology and wealth creation
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Innovation of Xerography
      • Technical Savvy and Financial Savvy
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Xerox Invents the Altos PC System
      • Technical Personnel and Business Personnel
      • Looking Ahead
      • Key Ideas
        • In the case studies of:
        • We have examined the key ideas of:
    • 2 Innovation and Economy
      • Introduction
        • Figure 2.1 Innovation process
        • CASE STUDY:
          • U.S. dot.com Stock Bubble of the 1990s
            • Figure 2.2 U.S. stock market “dot.com” financial bubble
      • Economic Scale of Innovations
      • Economic Long Waves
        • New-Technology Industries and Early Economic Expansion in Industrialization
          • 1770–1800
          • 1830–1850
          • 1870–1895
          • 1895–1930
        • Periods of Expansion—Science Base
        • Economic Cycles in England from 1792–1913
      • Measuring the Economic Impact of Technological Innovation in an Economy
        • Figure 2.3 Measuring the direct impact of R&D funding
        • CASE STUDY:
          • United States Auto Industry
      • Core Technologies of an Industry
      • Industrial Life Cycle
        • Figure 2.4 Industrial life cycle
        • Figure 2.5 U.S. automobile sales (domestic production)
      • Industrial Standards and First Movers in a New Industry
        • Figure 2.6 Dynamics of new industries based on technological innovation
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Numbers of U.S. Auto Firms Over Time
      • Commodity Industry
      • Key Ideas
        • In the case studies of:
        • We have Examined the Key Ideas of:
    • 3 Innovation and National Systems
      • Introduction
        • Figure 3.1 Innovation process
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Invention of the Computer—Science Knowledge Base
          • Invention of the Computer: ENIAC
          • Invention of the Computer—Technology, ENIAC
          • Invention of the Computer—Technology: Sage
      • Science Bases for Technology
        • Table 3.1 Historically Important Innovations
      • Computer Technology
      • National Innovation System
        • Figure 3.2 Transforming knowledge to utility
      • Radical Innovation at the Macro and Micro-Levels
        • Figure 3.3 Radical innovation process—Transforming knowledge to value
        • CASE STUDY:
          • IBM's System 360 Computers
      • Radical Innovation and Next-Generation Product Lines
      • Circular Interactions in a National Innovation System
        • Figure 3.4 Circular interactions of knowledge for radical innovation
        • Circularity in Science and Technology Knowledge Interactions
        • Circularity in Business and Market Knowledge Interactions
        • Figure 3.5 Transforming knowledge of nature into utility
      • Performance of National Innovation Systems
      • Key Ideas
        • In the Case Study of:
        • We have Examined the Key Ideas of:
    • 4 Innovation Research
      • Introduction
        • Figure 4.1 Innovation process
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Technological Innovation of Nylon
      • Logic of Research for Innovation
        • Stages 1 and 2—Scientific Understanding and Feasibility of Manipulation
          • Figure 4.2 Research in a national innovation system
        • Stage 3—Invention
        • Stage 4—A Technically Feasibile Prototype
      • Logic of Radical Innovation—Technology Research
        • Stage 5—Functional-Application Prototype
      • Logic of Radical Innovation—Engineering Research
        • Stage 6—Engineering-Product Design
        • Stage 7—Engineering Product-Prototype
      • Logic of Radical Innovation—Commercialization
        • Stage 8—Manufacturing-Product Design
        • Stage 9—Production Process Development and Full-Scale Production System
        • Stages 10 and 11—Volume Production of Product and Product and Production Improvement
      • Costs of Innovation
        • Figure 4.3 Types of research issues
        • Figure 4.4 Radical new product realization process
      • Key Ideas
        • In the Case Study of:
        • We have Examined Key Ideas about Technological Innovation and Economic Development As:
    • 5 Innovation and Corporate R&D
      • Introduction
        • Figure 5.1 Innovation process
      • Institutionalization of Scientific Technology
      • Objectives of Corporate Research
        • Figure 5.2 Projected contributions from a business's product lines
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Genecor R&D
      • Planning Incremental Innovation
      • Two Cultures—Research Laboratory and Business Division
        • Table 5.1 Comparing Organizational Units
      • Evaluating Corporate R&D
      • Key Ideas
        • In the Case Study of:
        • We have Examined Key Ideas about Technological Innovation and Economic Development As:
    • 6 Innovation and Markets
      • Introduction
        • Figure 6.1 Innovation process
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Amazon.com
      • Business Model—Price and Value
        • Figure 6.2 National innovation system for transforming nature to utility
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Personal Computer Industry
      • Designing a Product for a Market
      • Completing High-Tech Products for Applications
      • Market Positioning
      • Proprietary Technology
      • Market Niches
      • Key Ideas
        • In the Case Study of:
        • We have Examined the Key Ideas of:
    • 7 Innovation and Product Development
      • Introduction
        • Figure 7.1 Innovation process
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Commodore 64 Personal Computer
      • Market-Pull or Technology-Push Innovation
      • Incremental Innovation in Product Development
        • Figure 7.2 Cyclic incremental innovation process
        • Figure 7.3 Product development cycle within a business and in the context of a national innovation system
      • Delays in a Product Development Process
        • Figure 7.4 Sources of delays in the product development process
        • Figure 7.5 System progress in computers
      • Product Quality
      • Key Ideas
        • In the Case Study of:
        • We have Examined the Key Ideas of:
    • 8 Innovation and Strategy
      • Introduction
        • Figure 8.1 Innovation process
        • CASE STUDY:
          • 3M Diversifies through Innovation
      • Micro-Level Innovation in a Business
        • Figure 8.2 Levels of strategic thinking in a corporation
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Merger of AOL and Time Warner
      • Top-Down and Bottom-Up Strategy in Innovation
        • Figure 8.3 Two perspectives on strategy
        • Figure 8.4 Levels of innovation strategy in a corporation
      • Top-Level Innovation Strategy
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Cymer Inc.
            • Figure 8.5 Transforming knowledge to value
      • Mid-Level Innovation Strategy—New High-Tech Business Ventures
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Pilkington's Float Glass R&D Project
            • 1. Invention
            • 2. Technology Research and Functional Prototype
            • 3. Engineering Prototype and Testing
            • 4. Production Prototype and Pilot-Plant Production
            • 5. Initial Production and Sales
      • Lower Level of Innovation Strategy—Technical Programs
      • Bottom Level of Innovation Strategy—Technical Projects
      • Key Ideas
        • In the Case Study of:
        • We have Examined the Key Ideas of:
  • II Technology Strategy—Technical Base of Innovation
    • 9 Integrating Technology and Business Strategy
      • Introduction
        • Figure 9.1 Innovation process
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Innovation in the Steel Industry
          • Mining Technology for Coal
          • Coking and Ore Beneficiation Technologies
          • Ore Transportation Technology
          • Iron Refining Technology
      • Industrial Value Chain
        • Figure 9.2 Industrial value chain
      • Technology Strategy
        • Technologies in the Resource-Extraction Sector
        • Technologies in the Materials Refining/Synthesis/Shaping Sector
        • Technologies in the Parts/Components/Subsystems Sector
        • Technologies in the Major-Device Sector
        • Technologies in the Equipment Sector
        • Technologies in the Information-Technology Sector
        • Technologies in the Retail and Service Sectors
          • CASE STUDY:
            • Samsung Electronics
      • Technology and Application Systems
        • Figure 9.3 National innovation system for transforming nature to utility
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Motorola's Technology Roadmaps
      • Product-Line Planning
      • Product-Line Platforms
      • Key Ideas
        • In the Cases of:
        • We have Examined the Key Ideas of:
    • 10 Inventing Technology
      • Introduction
        • Figure 10.1 Innovation process
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Inventing the Electron Vacuum Tube
            • Figure 10.2 Physics of the path of the flow of electrons in a vacuum tube
      • Technology and Potentials of Nature
        • Inventing the Transistor
      • Next-Generation Technologies
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Inventing the Silicon Transistor
      • Innovation Process of Next-Generation-Technology Products
        • Figure 10.3 Discontinuous innovation—Next-generation technology
        • Inventing the Semi-conductor Integrated Circuit Chip
      • Types of Technologies
        • Figure 10.4 Types of technologies
      • Key Ideas
        • In the case study of:
        • We have examined key ideas about technological innovation and economic development as:
    • 11 Technology Systems
      • Introduction
        • Figure 11.1 Innovation process
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Wright Brothers' Flyer
      • Technology System
        • Figure 11.2 Configuration of a technology system
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Illumination
            • Figure 11.3 Technology S-curves for lighting technologies
      • Physical Technology S-Curve
        • Figure 11.4 General form of the technology S-curve for physical technologies
      • Technology Performance Parameters
      • Software Technologies
        • Figure 11.5 General form of the technology progress, comparing physical with informational technologies
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Moore's Law
            • Figure 11.6 Technology progress in semiconductor chip transistor density
      • Planning Technology Discontinuities
      • Technological Progress
      • Systems Analysis for Alternative Technology Configurations
      • Key Ideas
        • In the Cases of:
        • We have Examined the Key Ideas of:
    • 12 Product Systems
      • Introduction
      • Sikorsky's Helicopter
        • Figure 12.1 Innovation process
      • Hardware Product System
      • Systems Analysis in Hardware-Product Design
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Early Programming Languages
      • Specialized Languages in Science
        • Figure 12.2 Specialized languages in science
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Xml and Ontology
      • Computer-Assisted Networks
        • Figure 12.3 Radical innovation information network
        • Semantic Specialized Language
        • Syntactic Specialized Languages
        • Pragmatic Specialized Language
        • Control Specialized Languages
      • Logic and Language in Software Design
      • Design Bugs
      • Comparing Software and Hardware Innovation
        • Figure 12.4 General form of the technology progress—comparing physical with information technologies
      • Key Ideas
        • In the Case Studies of:
        • We have Examined the Key Ideas of:
    • 13 Service Systems
      • Introduction
      • Services Science
        • Figure 13.1 Innovation process
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Google's Phone
      • Logic of Service Transactions
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Apple's Ipod & Music Businesses
          • MP3 Player
          • Napster
          • Apple's iPod and iTunes
      • Strategic Business Vision—A Hardware Business or a Service Business?
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Pixar
      • Services and E-Commerce
        • Attracting
        • Informing
        • Adding Value
        • Profiting
          • CASE STUDY:
            • Ryanair
      • Modeling Service Systems
        • Figure 13.2 Form for modeling business operations
        • Figure 13.3 Model of a managed system
        • Figure 13.4 Model of an air transportation system
      • Services Performance and Innovation
      • Key Ideas
        • In the Case Study of:
        • We have Examined the Key Ideas of:
    • 14 Biotechnology Systems
      • Introduction
        • Figure 14.1 Innovation process
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Origin of Molecular Biology
          • Structure of the Cell
          • Discovery and Chemical Analysis of DNA
          • Principles of Heredity
          • Function of DNA in Reproduction
          • Structure of DNA
          • Genetic Coding
          • Recombinant DNA Technique
      • Science Bases for Technology
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Origin of the Biotechnology Industry
      • Profits in Biotechnology
      • Research and Complexity of Nature
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Human Genome Project
      • Progress in Biotechnology
        • CASE STUDY:
          • MIT Biotechnology Process Engineering Center
      • University Research Centers for Science and Technology
      • Key Ideas
        • In the Case Studies of:
        • We have Examined the Key Ideas of:
    • 15 Ethics and Technology
      • Introduction
        • Figure 15.1 Innovation process
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Monsanto's Genetically Modified Seeds
      • Technology in Ethics as “Means and Ends”
      • Ethics and Regulation
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Cyber-Attack in 2009–07–09
      • Ethical Imperative and Technology Imperative
        • CASE STUDY:
          • Cuban Missile Crisis
      • Control Systems for Intrinsically Evil Technologies
      • Key Ideas
        • Through the Case Studies of:
        • We have Examined the Following Key Ideas:
  • III Innovation Handbook
    • 16 Innovation Practice
      • Introduction
      • How to Manage Innovation Processes
        • Figure 16.1 Types of technologies
        • Figure 16.2 General form of the technology progress—comparing physical with information technologies
        • Managing a National Innovation System
          • Figure 16.3 Transforming knowledge to utility
          • Figure 16.4 Circular interactions of knowledge for radical innovation
          • Figure 16.5 Transforming knowledge of nature into utility
        • Managing Innovation in a Business
          • Figure 16.6 Industrial value chain
          • Figure 16.7 Levels of innovation strategy in a corporation
      • How to Manage Research and Development (R&D)
        • Figure 16.8 Knowledge-utility transformation as a linear innovation process
        • Logic of Research Stages
          • Figure 16.9 Types of research issues
          • Figure 16.10 Radical new product realization process
        • Managing a Corporate Research Laboratory
          • Figure 16.11 Product line contributions to business profits
          • Table 16.1 Comparing Organizational Units
      • How to Manage Product Development
        • Figure 16.12 Cyclic incremental innovation process
        • Figure 16.13 Sources of delay in the product development process
      • How to Manage High-Tech Marketing
        • Figure 16.14 National innovation system for transforming nature to utility
      • How to Manage Service Innovation
        • Figure 16.15 Model of a managed system
      • How to Manage Biotechnology Innovation
      • Summary—Overview of Innovation Theory
  • Back Matter
    • Bibliography
    • Index

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Vörumerki: John Wiley
Vörunúmer: 9781118141694
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Managing Technological Innovation

Vörumerki: John Wiley
Vörunúmer: 9781118141694
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