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Langman's Medical Embryology

Vörumerki: Lippincott
Vörunúmer: 9781496383938
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Langman's Medical Embryology

Rafræn bók. Uppl. sendar á netfangið þitt eftir kaup
Rafbók til eignar. Rafbók til eignar þarf að hlaða niður á þau tæki sem þú vilt nota innan eins árs frá því bókin er keypt. Útgáfa: 14

Efnisyfirlit

  • Preface
  • Introduction / Embryology: Clinical Relevance and Historical Perspective
  • Part 1 • General Embryology
    • Chapter 1 • Introduction to Molecular Regulation and Signaling
    • Gene Transcription
    • DNA Methylation Represses Transcription
    • Other Regulators of Gene Expression
    • Induction and Organ Formation
    • Cell Signaling
    • Signal Transduction Pathways
    • Paracrine Signaling
    • Juxtacrine Signaling
    • Paracrine Signaling Factors
    • Fibroblast Growth Factors
    • Hedgehog Proteins
    • WNT Proteins
    • The TGF-ß Superfamily
    • Other Paracrine Signaling Molecules
    • Key Signaling Pathways for Development
    • Sonic Hedgehog: Master Gene for Embryogenesis
    • The Planar Cell Polarity: Convergent Extension Pathway
    • The Notch Pathway
    • Summary
    • Chapter 2 • Gametogenesis: Conversion of Germ Cells into Male and Female Gametes
    • Primordial Germ Cells
    • The Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
    • Mitosis
    • Meiosis
    • Crossover
    • Polar Bodies
    • Morphological Changes during Maturation of the Gametes
    • Oogenesis
    • Maturation of Oocytes Begins Before Birth
    • Maturation of Oocytes Continues at Puberty
    • Spermatogenesis
    • Maturation of Sperm Begins at Puberty
    • Spermiogenesis
    • Summary
    • Chapter 3 • First Week of Development: Ovulation to Implantation
    • Ovarian Cycle
    • Ovulation
    • Corpus Luteum
    • Oocyte Transport
    • Corpus Albicans
    • Fertilization
    • Phase 1: Penetration of the Corona Radiata
    • Phase 2: Penetration of the Zona Pellucida
    • Phase 3: Fusion of the Oocyte and Sperm Cell Membranes
    • Cleavage
    • Blastocyst Formation
    • Epiblast, Hypoblast, and Axis Formation
    • Uterus at Time of Implantation
    • Summary
    • Chapter 4 • Second Week of Development: Bilaminar Germ Disc
    • Day 8
    • Day 9
    • Days 11 and 12
    • Day 13
    • Summary
    • Chapter 5 • Third Week of Development: Trilaminar Germ Disc
    • Gastrulation: Formation of Embryonic Mesoderm and Endoderm
    • Formation of the Notochord
    • Establishment of the Body Axes
    • Fate Map Established during Gastrulation
    • Growth of the Embryonic Disc
    • Further Development of the Trophoblast
    • Summary
    • Chapter 6 • Third to Eighth Weeks: The Embryonic Period
    • Derivatives of the Ectodermal Germ Layer
    • Molecular Regulation of Neural Induction
    • Neurulation
    • Neural Crest Cells
    • Molecular Regulation of Neural Crest Induction
    • Derivatives of the Mesodermal Germ Layer
    • Paraxial Mesoderm
    • Molecular Regulation of Somite Formation
    • Somite Differentiation
    • Molecular Regulation of Somite Differentiation
    • Intermediate Mesoderm
    • Lateral Plate Mesoderm
    • Blood and Blood Vessels
    • Molecular Regulation of Blood Vessel Formation
    • Derivatives of the Endodermal Germ Layer
    • Patterning of the Anteroposterior Axis: Regulation by Homeobox Genes
    • External Appearance during the Second Month
    • Summary
    • Chapter 7 • The Gut Tube and the Body Cavities
    • A Tube on Top of a Tube
    • Formation of the Body Cavity
    • Serous Membranes
    • Diaphragm and Thoracic Cavity
    • Formation of the Diaphragm
    • Summary
    • Chapter 8 • Third Month to Birth: The Fetus and Placenta
    • Development of the Fetus
    • Monthly Changes
    • Time of Birth
    • Fetal Membranes and Placenta
    • Changes in the Trophoblast
    • Chorion Frondosum and Decidua Basalis
    • Structure of the Placenta
    • Full-Term Placenta
    • Circulation of the Placenta
    • Function of the Placenta
    • Exchange of Gases
    • Exchange of Nutrients and Electrolytes
    • Transmission of Maternal Antibodies
    • Hormone Production
    • Amnion and Umbilical Cord
    • Placental Changes at the End of Pregnancy
    • Amniotic Fluid
    • Fetal Membranes in Twins
    • Dizygotic Twins
    • Monozygotic Twins
    • Parturition (Birth)
    • Summary
    • Chapter 9 • Birth Defects and Prenatal Diagnosis
    • Birth Defects
    • Types of Abnormalities
    • Environmental Factors
    • Principles of Teratology
    • Infectious Agents
    • Other Viral Infections and Hyperthermia
    • Radiation
    • Pharmaceutical Drugs and Chemical Agents
    • Illicit Drugs, Alcohol, and Cigarettes
    • Hormones
    • In Vitro Fertilization
    • Maternal Disease
    • Nutritional Deficiencies
    • Obesity
    • Hypoxia
    • Heavy Metals
    • Male-Mediated Teratogenesis
    • Prenatal Diagnosis
    • Ultrasonography
    • Amniocentesis
    • Chorionic Villus Sampling
    • Cordocentesis or Percutaneous Umbilical Blood Sampling
    • Maternal Serum Screening
    • Noninvasive Prenatal Screening
    • Fetal Therapy
    • Fetal Transfusion
    • Fetal Medical Treatment
    • Fetal Surgery
    • Stem Cell Transplantation and Gene Therapy
    • Summary
  • Part 2 • Systems-Based Embryology
    • Chapter 10 • The Axial Skeleton
    • Skull
    • Neurocranium
    • Membranous Neurocranium
    • Newborn Skull
    • Cartilaginous Neurocranium or Chondrocranium
    • Viscerocranium
    • Vertebrae and the Vertebral Column
    • Ribs and Sternum
    • Summary
    • Chapter 11 • Muscular System
    • Striated Skeletal Musculature
    • Innervation of Axial Skeletal Muscles
    • Skeletal Muscle and Tendons
    • Molecular Regulation of Muscle Development
    • Patterning of Muscles
    • Head Musculature
    • Limb Musculature
    • Cardiac Muscle
    • Smooth Muscle
    • Summary
    • Chapter 12 • Limbs
    • Limb Growth and Development
    • Limb Musculature
    • Molecular Regulation of Limb Development
    • Summary
    • Chapter 13 • Cardiovascular System
    • Establishment and Patterning of the Primary Heart Field
    • Formation and Position of the Heart Tube
    • Formation of the Cardiac Loop
    • Molecular Regulation of Cardiac Development
    • Development of the Sinus Venosus
    • Formation of the Cardiac Septa
    • Septum Formation in the Common Atrium
    • Formation of the Left Atrium and Pulmonary Vein
    • Septum Formation in the Atrioventricular Canal
    • Atrioventricular Valves
    • Septum Formation in the Truncus Arteriosus and Conus Cordis
    • Septum Formation in the Ventricles
    • Semilunar Valves
    • Formation of the Conducting System of the Heart
    • Vascular Development
    • Arterial System
    • Aortic Arches
    • Vitelline and Umbilical Arteries
    • Coronary Arteries
    • Venous System
    • Vitelline Veins
    • Umbilical Veins
    • Cardinal Veins
    • Circulation Before and After Birth
    • Fetal Circulation
    • Circulatory Changes at Birth
    • Lymphatic System
    • Summary
    • Chapter 14 • Respiratory System
    • Formation of the Lung Buds
    • Larynx
    • Trachea, Bronchi, and Lungs
    • Maturation of the Lungs
    • Summary
    • Chapter 15 • Digestive System
    • Divisions of the Gut Tube
    • Molecular Regulation of Gut Tube Development
    • Mesentery
    • Foregut
    • Esophagus
    • Stomach
    • Duodenum
    • Liver and Gallbladder
    • Molecular Regulation of Liver Induction
    • Pancreas
    • Molecular Regulation of Pancreas Development
    • Midgut
    • Physiological Herniation
    • Rotation of the Midgut
    • Retraction of Herniated Loops
    • Mesenteries of the Intestinal Loops
    • Hindgut
    • Summary
    • Chapter 16 • Urogenital System
    • Urinary System
    • Kidney Systems
    • Pronephros
    • Mesonephros
    • Metanephros: The Definitive Kidney
    • Collecting System
    • Excretory System
    • Molecular Regulation of Kidney Development
    • Position of the Kidney
    • Function of the Kidney
    • Bladder and Urethra
    • Genital System
    • Gonads
    • Testis
    • Ovary
    • Genital Ducts
    • Indifferent Stage
    • Genital Ducts in the Male
    • Genital Ducts in the Female
    • Molecular Regulation of Genital Duct Development
    • Vagina
    • External Genitalia
    • Indifferent Stage
    • External Genitalia in the Male
    • External Genitalia in the Female
    • Descent of the Testes
    • Descent of the Ovaries
    • Summary
    • Chapter 17 • Head and Neck
    • Pharyngeal Arches
    • First Pharyngeal Arch
    • Second Pharyngeal Arch
    • Third Pharyngeal Arch
    • Fourth and Sixth Pharyngeal Arches
    • Pharyngeal Pouches
    • First Pharyngeal Pouch
    • Second Pharyngeal Pouch
    • Third Pharyngeal Pouch
    • Fourth Pharyngeal Pouch
    • Pharyngeal Clefts
    • Molecular Regulation of Facial Development
    • Tongue
    • Thyroid Gland
    • Face
    • Intermaxillary Segment
    • Secondary Palate
    • Nasal Cavities
    • Teeth
    • Molecular Regulation of Tooth Development
    • Summary
    • Chapter 18 • Central Nervous System
    • Spinal Cord
    • Neuroepithelial, Mantle, and Marginal Layers
    • Basal, Alar, Roof, and Floor Plates
    • Histological Differentiation
    • Nerve Cells
    • Glial Cells
    • Neural Crest Cells
    • Spinal Nerves
    • Myelination
    • Positional Changes of the Cord
    • Molecular Regulation of Nerve Differentiation in the Spinal Cord
    • Brain
    • Rhombencephalon: Hindbrain
    • Myelencephalon
    • Metencephalon
    • Cerebellum
    • Mesencephalon: Midbrain
    • Prosencephalon: Forebrain
    • Diencephalon
    • Telencephalon
    • Molecular Regulation of Brain Development
    • Cranial Nerves
    • Autonomic Nervous System
    • Sympathetic Nervous System
    • Parasympathetic Nervous System
    • Suprarenal (Adrenal) Gland
    • Summary
    • Chapter 19 • Ear
    • Internal Ear
    • Saccule, Cochlea, and Organ of Corti
    • Utricle and Semicircular Canals
    • Middle Ear
    • Tympanic Cavity and Auditory Tube
    • Ossicles
    • External Ear
    • External Auditory Meatus
    • Eardrum or Tympanic Membrane
    • Auricle
    • Hearing
    • Summary
    • Chapter 20 • Eye
    • Optic Cup and Lens Vesicle
    • Retina, Iris, and Ciliary Body
    • Lens
    • Choroid, Sclera, and Cornea
    • Vitreous Body
    • Optic Nerve
    • Molecular Regulation of Eye Development
    • Summary
    • Chapter 21 • Integumentary System
    • Skin
    • Epidermis
    • Dermis
    • Hair
    • Fingernails and Toenails
    • Sweat Glands
    • Mammary Glands
    • Summary
  • Part 3 • Appendix
    • Answers to Problems
    • Figure Credits
    • Glossary of Key Terms
  • Index

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Vörumerki: Lippincott
Vörunúmer: 9781496383938
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