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Health Psychology

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Efnisyfirlit

  • Cover
  • Title
  • Copyright
  • Brief Contents
  • Contents
  • List of figures and tables
  • List of abbreviations
  • Preface to the sixth edition
  • Guided tour
  • Technology to enhance learning and teaching
  • Create
  • Make the grade
  • Acknowledgements
  • Part One The context of health psychology
    • 1 Introduction to health psychology: theories and methods
      • Chapter overview
      • The background to health psychology
        • The twentieth century
        • What is the biomedical model?
      • What is health psychology?
        • What are the aims of health psychology?
        • Clinical psychology versus health psychology
      • The focus of health psychology
        • The biopsychosocial model
        • Health as a continuum
        • The relationship between psychology and health
        • A focus on variability
      • Key theories
      • Thinking critically about health psychology
        • Being critical
        • Being critical of theory
        • Being critical of method
        • Being critical of measurement
        • Being critical of a discipline
        • Critical health psychology
      • Working in health psychology
        • The clinical health psychologist
        • The health psychology practitioner
        • The academic health psychologist
      • The aims of this book
        • A note on referencing
        • A complete course in health psychology
      • To conclude
      • Questions
      • For discussion
      • Further reading
      • Research methods
      • Critical health psychology
  • Part Two Staying well: health beliefs, behaviour and behaviour change
    • 2 Health beliefs
      • Chapter overview
      • What are health behaviours?
        • Why study health behaviours?
        • Behaviour and longevity
        • Behaviour and mortality
      • The role of health beliefs
        • Individual beliefs
      • Using stage models
        • The stages of change model (SOC)
        • The health action process approach (HAPA)
      • Using social cognition models
        • The health belief model
        • Protection motivation theory (PMT)
        • Theories of reasoned action and planned behaviour (TRA and TPB)
      • Using integrated models
        • The COM-B
      • The intention–behaviour gap
        • The role of past behaviour and habit
        • So how does past behaviour influence future behaviour?
        • Bridging the intention–behaviour gap
      • Thinking critically about health beliefs
        • Some critical questions
        • Some problems with...
      • To conclude
      • Questions
      • For discussion
      • Further reading
    • 3 Addictive behaviours
      • Chapter overview
        • The health impact of smoking and drinking
        • Who smokes?
        • Who drinks?
        • Smoking and health
        • Alcohol and health
      • A brief history of models of addiction
        • What is an addiction?
        • The seventeenth century and the moral model of addictions
        • The nineteenth century and the first disease concept
        • The twentieth century and the second disease concept
        • The 1970s and onwards: social learning theory
      • Learning an addictive behaviour
        • Classical conditioning
        • Operant conditioning
        • Observational learning/modelling
        • Cognitive factors
      • Integrating disease and learning perspectives
      • The stages of substance use
        • Stages 1 and 2: initiating and maintaining an addictive behaviour
        • Stage 3: ceasing an addictive behaviour
        • Stage 4: relapse
      • A cross addiction perspective
        • Excessive appetites theory
        • Prime theory
      • Thinking critically about addictive behaviours
        • Some critical questions
        • Some problems with...
      • To conclude
      • Questions
      • For discussion
      • Further reading
    • 4 Eating behaviour
      • Chapter overview
      • What is a healthy diet?
      • The impact of diet on health
        • Diet and illness onset
        • Diet and treating illness
      • Who eats a healthy diet?
      • A cognitive model of eating behaviour
        • Using social cognition models
        • The broader impact of cognition
      • A developmental model of eating behaviour
        • Exposure
        • Social learning
        • Associative learning
        • Food and physiological consequences
      • A weight concern model of eating behaviour
        • The meaning of food and weight
        • Body dissatisfaction
        • Dieting
      • Thinking critically about eating behaviour
        • Some critical questions
        • Some problems with...
      • To conclude
      • Questions
      • For discussion
      • Further reading
    • 5 Exercise
      • Chapter overview
      • What is exercise?
        • Developing the contemporary concern with exercise behaviour
        • Measuring exercise
        • Current recommendations
      • Who exercises?
      • The benefits of exercise
        • The physical benefits
        • The psychological benefits
      • What factors predict exercise?
        • Demographic determinants
        • Social determinants
        • Cognitive and emotional determinants
      • Improving exercise behaviour
        • Social and political factors
        • Behavioural strategies
      • Exercise adherence
      • Thinking critically about exercise
        • Some critical questions
        • Some problems with...
      • To conclude
      • Questions
      • For discussion
      • Further reading
    • 6 Sex
      • Chapter overview
      • A brief history of sex research
        • Sex as biological, for reproduction
        • Sex as biological, for pleasure
        • Sex as a risk to health
        • Sex and well-being
        • In summary
      • Contraception use for pregnancy avoidance
        • What is contraceptive use?
        • Who uses contraception?
        • Predicting contraception use
        • In summary
      • Sex in the context of HIV / AIDS
        • Do people use condoms?
        • Predicting condom use
      • Sex and risk perception
      • Sex as an interaction
        • The process of negotiation
        • Power relations between sexual partners
        • Social norms of the gay community
        • In summary
      • Sex education
        • Sexual health services
        • Government health education campaigns
        • School sex education programmes
        • An individual’s social world
      • Thinking critically about sex research
        • Some critical questions
        • Some problems with...
      • To conclude
      • Questions
      • For discussion
      • Further reading
    • 7 Changing health behaviours
      • Chapter overview
      • The need to change behaviour
      • Learning and cognitive theory
        • Learning theory approaches
        • Adding cognitive theory
      • Social cognition theory
        • Social cognition model based interventions
        • Making plans and implementation intentions
        • Information-giving
      • Stage models
        • Stage-matched interventions
        • Motivational interviewing (MI)
      • The role of affect
        • Using fear appeals
        • Using visual images
        • Using self-affirmation
        • Using affect effectively
      • Integrated approaches
        • Creating a science of behaviour change interventions
        • Modern technologies
        • The mass media
        • Understanding sustained behaviour change
      • Thinking critically about changing health behaviours
        • Some critical questions
        • Some problems with...
      • To conclude
      • Questions
      • For discussion
      • Further reading
  • Part Three Becoming ill
    • 8 Illness cognitions
      • Chapter overview
      • Making sense of health and illness
        • What does it mean to be healthy?
        • What does it mean to be iII?
      • What are illness cognitions?
        • Evidence for the dimensions of illness cognitions
        • Measuring illness cognitions
      • The self-regulatory model
        • Stage 1: interpretation
        • Stage 2: coping
        • Stage 3: appraisal
        • Why is the model called self-regulatory?
        • Problems with assessment
      • Stage 1: interpretation
        • Symptom perception
        • Social messages
      • Stage 2: coping
        • 1. Coping with the crisis of illness
        • 2. Adjustment to physical illness and the theory of cognitive adaptation
        • 3. Post-traumatic growth and benefit-finding
        • In summary
      • Predicting and changing health outcomes
        • How do illness cognitions relate to coping?
        • Predicting adherence to treatment
        • Predicting illness outcomes
        • The central role of coherence
        • Interventions to change illness cognitions
      • Thinking critically about illness cognitions
        • Some critical questions
        • Some problems with...
      • To conclude
      • Questions
      • For discussion
      • Further reading
    • 9 Accessing health care
      • Chapter overview
      • A brief history of health care
        • The role of medical interventions
        • Environmental factors
        • In summary
      • Health care systems
        • Self-care
        • Primary care
        • Secondary care
      • Help-seeking and delay
        • A series of thresholds
        • Symptom perception
        • Illness cognitions
        • Social triggers
        • Costs and benefits of going to the doctor
        • Delay
        • In summary
      • Screening
        • What is screening?
        • Guidelines for screening
        • The predictors of screening uptake
        • The psychological impact
        • In summary
      • The medical consultation
        • The problem of doctor variability
        • How doctors make decisions
        • Health professionals’ health beliefs
        • Communicating beliefs to patients
        • The modern consultation
        • In summary
      • Adherence
        • Defining adherence
        • Measuring adherence
        • Why is adherence important?
        • Models of adherence
        • Predictors of adherence
        • How can adherence be improved?
        • In summary
      • Thinking critically about access to health care
        • Some critical questions
        • Some problems with...
      • To conclude
      • Questions
      • For discussion
      • Further reading
    • 10 Stress and illness
      • Chapter overview
      • What is stress?
        • Measuring stress
        • Early stress models
      • The transactional model of stress
        • The role of appraisal
        • Does appraisal influence the stress response?
        • Which events are appraised as stressful?
        • Changes in physiology
      • Stress and changes in physiology and behaviour
        • Changes in behaviour
      • Does stress cause illness?
        • How does stress cause illness?
        • In summary
      • Physiological moderators of the stress–illness link
        • Stress reactivity
        • Stress recovery
        • Allostatic load
        • Stress resistance
      • Psychological moderators of the stress–illness link
        • Coping
        • Social support
        • Personality
        • Control
        • Stress as a complex psycho-physiological process
      • Thinking critically about stress and illness
        • Some critical questions
        • Some problems with...
      • To conclude
      • Questions
      • For discussion
      • Further reading
  • Part Four Being ill
    • 11 Pain and the placebo effect
      • Chapter overview
      • What is pain?
        • Early pain theories: pain as a sensation
        • Including psychology in theories of pain
        • Measuring pain
        • Self-reports
        • Observational assessment
        • Physiological measures
      • Pain as a perception
        • The gate control theory of pain
        • A psychosocial model of pain perception
        • The role of learning
        • The role of affect
        • The role of cognition
        • Behavioural processes
        • The experience of pain
      • The role of psychology in pain treatment
        • Cognitive behavioural therapy
        • A role for pain acceptance?
        • In summary
      • The placebo effect
        • What is a placebo?
        • A history of inert treatments
        • Modern-day placebos
        • Placebos: to be taken out of an understanding of health?
      • How do placebos work?
        • Non-interactive theories
        • Interactive theories
        • The central role of patient expectations
        • Cognitive dissonance theory
      • The role of placebos in health psychology
        • Health beliefs
        • Illness cognitions
        • Health professionals’ health beliefs
        • Health-related behaviours
        • Stress
        • Chronic illness
      • Thinking critically about pain and placebo research
        • Some critical questions
        • Some problems with...
      • To conclude
      • Questions
      • For discussion
      • Further reading
    • 12 Chronic illness: HIV and cancer
      • Chapter overview
      • HIV and AIDS
        • The history of HIV
        • What is HIV?
        • The progression from HIV to AIDS
        • The prevalence of HIV and AIDS
      • The role of psychology in the study of HIV
        • Psychology and susceptibility to the HIV virus
        • Psychology and the progression from HIV to AIDS
      • Psychology and longevity with HIV
        • Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI)
        • PNI and HIV longevity
        • In summary
      • Cancer
        • What is cancer?
        • The prevalence of cancer
      • The role of psychology in the study of cancer
        • Psychology and the initiation and promotion of cancer
        • Psychological consequences of cancer
        • Dealing with the symptoms of cancer
      • Psychology and longevity with cancer
        • Cognitive responses and longevity
        • Life stress and disease-free interval
        • There is no relationship between psychological factors and longevity
        • In summary
      • Thinking critically about HIV and cancer research
        • Some critical questions
        • Some problems with...
      • To conclude
      • Questions
      • For discussion
      • Further reading
    • 13 Chronic illness: obesity and coronary heart disease
      • Chapter overview
      • Obesity
        • What is obesity?
        • How common is obesity?
      • The role of psychology in the study of obesity
        • The consequences of obesity
        • What causes obesity?
        • What does all this research mean?
      • Obesity treatment
        • Dieting
        • Medication
        • Surgery
        • The success stories
        • In summary
      • Coronary heart disease (CHD)
        • What is coronary heart disease? (CHD)
        • The prevalence of CVD
      • The role of psychology in the study of CHD
        • Risk factors for CHD
        • Beliefs about CHD
        • The psychological impact of CHD
      • Rehabilitation for patients with CHD
        • Predicting uptake of rehabilitation
        • Modifying risk factors
        • Predicting patient health outcomes
        • In summary
      • Thinking critically about research into obesity and CHD
        • Some critical questions
        • Some problems with…
      • To conclude
      • Questions
      • For discussion
      • Further reading
    • 14 Health status and quality of life
      • Chapter overview
      • Health inequalities
        • Geographical location
        • Socioeconomic status
        • In summary
      • Objective health status
        • Mortality rates
        • Morbidity rates
        • Measures of functioning
      • Subjective health status
        • What is quality of life?
        • How should it be measured?
      • A shift in perspective
        • Value
        • Subjectivity of the subject
        • Subjectivity of the researcher
        • Definition of health
      • Using quality of life in research
        • Quality of life as an outcome measure
        • Problems with using quality of life as an outcome measure
        • Quality of life as a predictor of longevity
      • The response shift
      • Thinking critically about health status and quality of life
        • Some critical questions
        • Some problems with...
      • To conclude
      • Questions
      • For discussion
      • Further reading
    • 15 Gender and health
      • Chapter overview
      • Gender differences in health
        • Life expectancy
        • Physical symptoms
        • Illness
        • Why are there gender differences?
      • Understanding men’s health
        • Health behaviours
        • Risk-taking behaviours
        • Help-seeking behaviours
        • Explaining men’s health-related behaviours and illness profiles
        • In summary
      • How being male can impact upon health: case examples
        • Case 1: prostate cancer
        • Case 2: suicide
        • Case 3: CHD
        • In summary
      • Women’s experience of miscarriage
        • Miscarriage
        • Quantitative research
        • Qualitative research
        • Research in couples
        • Impact of mode of treatment
        • In summary
      • Termination of pregnancy
        • Deciding to have an abortion
        • Psychological impact
        • Longer-term impact
        • Impact of mode of intervention
        • In summary
      • The menopause
        • Symptoms
        • Physical changes
        • The menopause as a transition
        • Social factors
        • Psychological effects
        • Mode of management
        • In summary
      • Thinking critically about gender and health
        • Some critical questions
        • Some problems with...
      • To conclude
      • Questions
      • For discussion
      • Further reading
  • Methodology glossary
  • References
  • Index

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Vörumerki: McGrawHill
Vörunúmer: 9781526847133
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Health Psychology

Vörumerki: McGrawHill
Vörunúmer: 9781526847133
Rafræn bók. Uppl. sendar á netfangið þitt eftir kaup
6.990 kr.
Get the product now
6.990 kr.