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Equine Applied and Clinical Nutrition

Vörumerki: Elsevier
Vörunúmer: 9780702054181
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Equine Applied and Clinical Nutrition

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Rafbók til leigu í 30 daga.


  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Foreword
  • Preface
  • Contributors
  • Section A: Nutritional Foundations
    • Chapter 1: Gastrointestinal physiology
      • Enteric Nervous System
      • Mouth
      • Esophagus
      • Stomach
      • Small intestine
      • Cecum and colons
    • Chapter 2: Endocrine and metabolic physiology
      • Neuroendocrine regulation of appetite and energy balance
      • Endocrine regulation of metabolism
      • Overview of macronutrient metabolism
      • Storage of energy substrates in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue
      • Insulin sensitivity and resistance
      • Skeletal muscle glycogen metabolism
    • Chapter 3: Factors affecting feed intake
      • Quantitative intake
      • Qualitative intake
      • Rate of intake
      • Conclusions
    • Chapter 4: Water
      • Body fluid compartments
      • Water balance
      • Fluid output or loss
      • Water intake
      • Drinking behavior of horses
      • Evaluating water supply and water intake
      • Water systems and maintenance
      • Methods to maintain or increase water intake
      • Water quality
      • Summary
    • Chapter 5: Energy systems and requirements
      • Introduction
      • Energy balance and defining energy units
      • Practical application of energy systems
      • Advantages and disadvantages of different systems
      • Conclusions
    • Chapter 6: Amino acids and protein
      • Introduction
      • Basic properties of proteins and amino acids
      • Protein and amino acid digestion and absorption
      • Dietary sources of protein and amino acids
      • Supplementation of individual amino acids/amino acid derivatives
      • Protein and amino acid requirements of horses
      • Methods of assessing dietary protein/amino acid adequacy
      • Signs of protein/amino acid deficiency and excess
      • Summary
    • Chapter 7: Fat and fatty acids
      • Structural chemistry and nomenclature
      • Fat digestion and absorption
      • Dietary sources of fat
      • Essential fatty acids
      • Omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids
      • Potential benefits of increasing fat intake
      • Potential clinical applications of fat-added diets
      • Practical guidelines for feeding fat to horses
      • Conclusion
    • Chapter 8: Carbohydrates
      • Carbohydrate nomenclature
      • Sources of dietary carbohydrate and relevance to equine health
      • Assessment of carbohydrates in feed
      • Carbohydrate digestion and absorption
      • Management of nonstructural carbohydrate intake
      • Summary and overall recommendations
    • Chapter 9: Vitamins
      • Introduction
      • General considerations regarding vitamin requirements
      • Fat-soluble vitamins
      • Water-soluble vitamins
    • Chapter 10: Macro and trace elements in equine nutrition
      • Overview
      • Factors determining requirements
      • Minerals as essential nutrients
      • Trace elements
      • Conclusion
  • Section B: Nutrition for Lifestage, Type or Function
    • Chapter 11: Feeding stallions and broodmares
      • Introduction
      • Stallions
      • Pregnant mares
      • Lactating mares
      • Reproductive efficiency in the mare
      • Conclusion
    • Chapter 12: Feeding the growing horse
      • Introduction
      • Growth
      • Energy requirements
      • Protein requirements
      • Mineral and vitamin requirements
      • Practical application
      • Conclusions
    • Chapter 13: Practical considerations for feeding racehorses
      • Performance metrics
      • Nutrition and performance
      • Typical feeding programs
      • Conclusion
    • Chapter 14: Nutritional management of elite endurance horses
      • Energy metabolism
      • Energy requirements
      • Meeting energy requirements
      • Protein nutrition
      • Fluid and electrolyte losses accompanying endurance exercise
      • Suggested feeding and management strategies for race days
      • Conclusion
      • Acknowledgment
    • Chapter 15: Nutritional considerations for aged horses
      • Introduction
      • Key aspects of aging in humans and other species
      • Definition and prevalence of the “geriatric” or “aged” horse
      • Common causes of mortality in aged horses
      • Clinical conditions most commonly associated with aging (not necessarily mortality) in horses
      • Changes in nutritional requirements with age
      • General considerations regarding feeding and management of the old horse
      • Specific considerations
      • Possible additional nutritional support
      • Conclusion
    • Chapter 16: Practical donkey and mule nutrition
      • The donkey
      • Feeding for pregnancy, lactation and growth
      • Practical feeding
      • Feeding mules
      • Special considerations for working donkeys
      • Summary
  • Section C: Applied Nutrition – Feeds
    • Chapter 17: Feedstuffs for horses
      • Introduction
      • Roughage
      • Concentrate ingredients
      • Mineral and vitamin supply
    • Chapter 18: Pastures and pasture management
      • Introduction
      • Pastures
      • Stocking density and grazing systems
      • Grazing systems
      • Pasture manipulation
      • Weed control
      • Pasture toxicity
      • Soil
      • Seminatural grasslands
      • Manure management
      • Fertilization
      • Renovation and reseeding
      • Management practices – a yearly calendar and summary
      • Conclusion
    • Chapter 19: Specialized dietary supplements
      • Introduction
      • Nutrients with established requirements (but fed in amounts far greater than minimal requirements, as defined by the NRC 2007)
      • Substances with no known nutritional requirement
      • Complex materials that contain a mixture of putative active ingredients
      • Conclusion
    • Chapter 20: Feed hygiene and related disorders in horses
      • Introduction
      • Diversity/variety of contaminants in feeds for horses
      • Practical evaluation of feed hygiene
      • Microbiological investigations to assess the hygiene status of feedstuffs and bedding material
      • Potential effects of poor feed hygiene on horse health
      • Other potential contaminants
      • Water quality and hygiene
      • Responsibilities of partners in the feed supply chain
      • Summary
      • Acknowledgments
    • Chapter 21: The manufacturers’ role in feed quality and safety: A discussion on methods used in feed manufacturing processes to assure feed hygiene and safety
      • Introduction
      • Drivers of feed assurance
      • Methods for achieving quality
      • Demonstrating feed quality
      • Challenges
      • Conclusions
  • Section D: Applied Nutrition
    • Chapter 22: Assessment of body condition and bodyweight
      • Introduction
      • Methods of assessing bodyweight
      • Methods of assessing body condition
      • Assessment of regional fat distribution
      • Implications for health and performance
      • Choosing an assessment method
      • Conclusions
    • Chapter 23: Ration evaluation and formulation
      • Information needed for ration evaluation
      • Predicted versus actual analysis
      • Assessment of current ration
      • Assessment of pasture
      • Laboratory analysis of feed and forage samples
      • Assessment of forage consumption
      • Assessment of grazing consumption
      • Matching intake to requirements
      • Establishing forage intake and a suitable forage to concentrate ratio
      • Other considerations
      • The use of supplements
      • Ration evaluation software
      • Advantages, disadvantages/limitations of various manufacturing processes
    • Chapter 24: Assessment of nutritional status from analysis of blood and other tissue samples
      • Urine
      • Hair
      • Hoof horn
      • Liver
    • Chapter 25: Effects of diet on behavior – normal and abnormal
      • Abnormal oral behavior associated with diet and feeding
      • Time budgets and feeding patterns in the wild and in modern husbandry
      • Digestive processes and links with behavior
      • Further evidence linking stereotypy with digestion and potential confounding factors
      • Effects of dietary carbohydrate, fiber and oil on behavior
      • Evidence for diet-mediated physiological changes
      • Glucoregulation and the serotonergic system
      • Behavior modification by feed supplements
      • Foraging enrichment
      • Conclusions
    • Chapter 26: Controversial areas in equine nutrition and feeding management: The Editors’ views
      • Questions concerning feed intake
      • The dilemma of “supplementation”
      • Conflict between athletic performance and optimal digestive health and behavior
      • Pre- and post-exercise feeding management of athletic horses
      • Nutrition and skin health
      • Conclusion
  • Section E: Clinical Nutrition
    • Chapter 27: Laminitis
      • Epidemiology and risk factors
      • Pathogenesis
      • Management of cases
      • Countermeasures to nutritionally associated laminitis
      • Summary
    • Chapter 28: Obesity
      • Definition of obesity
      • Prevalence
      • Potential contributing factors
      • Disease associations
      • Pathophysiology of obesity
      • Management of obesity
      • Conclusion
    • Chapter 29: Feeding thin and starved horses
      • Aetiology
      • Case evaluation
      • Pathophysiology of food deprivation
      • Nutritional management of the thin horse
      • Rehabilitation of the chronically starved horse or pony
      • Nutritional management of the chronically starved horse
      • Monitoring rehabilitation
    • Chapter 30: Hyperlipemia
      • Epidemiology and risk factors
      • Pathophysiology
      • Conclusions
    • Chapter 31: Exercise-associated muscle disorders
      • Epidemiology and risk factors
      • Classification and etiology
      • Clinical signs
      • Diagnosis
      • Management and prevention
      • Conclusion
    • Chapter 32: Developmental orthopedic disease
      • Introduction
      • Etiology and pathology of DOD
      • Impact of nutrition on DOD
      • Nutritional recommendations for avoidance of DOD
    • Chapter 33: Oral joint supplements in the management of osteoarthritis
      • Introduction
      • Indications for OJSs
      • Types of OJSs
      • Glucosamine and/or chondroitin sulfate
      • Sasha’s Blend
      • Hyaluronan (hyaluronic acid)
      • Avocado soy unsaponified (ASU)
      • Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs)
      • Conclusions
    • Chapter 34: Gastric ulceration
      • Epidemiology of equine gastric ulcers
      • Anatomical distribution of gastric ulcers
      • Risk factors and pathophysiology
      • Potential role of bile acids and bacteria within the stomach
      • Clinical signs of EGUS
      • Diagnosis of gastric ulceration
      • Nutritional management to reduce risk of gastric ulceration (Box 34.1)
      • Medical management
      • Conclusions
    • Chapter 35: Intestinal disease
      • Introduction
      • Diets and feeding behaviors
      • Epidemiology and risk factors for intestinal disease
      • Nutritional risk factors for diarrhea
      • Nutritional risk factors for colic
      • Pathophysiology of nutritional colic and diarrhea
      • Dietary principles for promoting intestinal health
      • Conclusion
    • Chapter 36: Urinary tract disease
      • Acute kidney injury and acute renal failure
      • Chronic kidney disease
      • Urolithiasis
    • Chapter 37: Hepatic insufficiency
      • Metabolic consequences of hepatic insufficiency
      • Dietary principles in hepatic insufficiency
      • Conclusions
    • Chapter 38: Nutritional considerations in grass sickness, botulism, equine motor neuron disease and equine degenerative myeloencephalopathy
      • Grass sickness
      • Botulism
      • Equine motor neuron disease (EMND)
      • Equine degenerative myeloencephalopathy (EDM)
    • Chapter 39: Feeding management pre- and post-surgery
      • Introduction
      • Hormonal and metabolic changes associated with general anesthesia and surgery
      • Perioperative glucose regulation and control
      • Feeding management pre-surgery
      • Postoperative colic and ileus
      • Postoperative feeding management
      • Practical approach to feeding pre- and post-surgery
      • Summary
    • Chapter 40: Feeding orphan and sick foals
      • Introduction
      • The orphan foal
      • Sick neonatal foals
    • Chapter 41: Assisted enteral and parenteral feeding
      • Introduction
      • Effects of feed deprivation
      • Nutritional support
      • Conclusion
  • Nutritional requirements, recommendations and example diets
  • Glossary
  • Index


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Vörumerki: Elsevier
Vörunúmer: 9780702054181
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