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Dental Secrets

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Efnisyfirlit

  • Front Matter
    • Dedication
    • Preface to the 4th Edition
    • Contributors
  • Chapter 1 Patient Management: The Dentist-Patient Relationship
    • Case Examples
    • Patient Interview
    • Dental Fear and Anxiety
      • Figure 1-1 Relationships of pain, anxiety, stress, and reactions.
      • BOX 1-1 Relaxation Script
    • Health Information and Improvement
    • Clinical Findings
    • Bibliography
  • Chapter 2 Treatment Planning and Oral Diagnosis
    • Treatment Planning
    • Oral Diagnosis
    • Bibliography
  • Chapter 3 Management of Medically Compromised Patients
    • Disorders of Hemostasis
    • Indications for Prophylactic Antibiotics
    • Treatment of HIV-Positive Patients
    • Cardiovascular Disease
    • Metabolic Disorders
    • Allergic Reactions
    • Hematology and Oncology
    • Kidney Disease
      • Table 3-1 Clinical Presentations of Lymphadenopathy
    • Pulmonary Disease
    • Liver Disease
      • Table 3-2 Seizure Medications and Precautions for the Dental Practitioner
    • Radiation Therapy
    • Bibliography
  • Chapter 4 Oral Pathology
    • Developmental Conditions
      • Tooth-Related Problems
      • Intrabony Lesions
        • Figure 4-1 Florid cement-osseous dysplasia affecting at least three quadrants.
        • Figure 4-2 Odontogenic keratocyst–keratocystic odontogenic tumor.
      • Soft Tissue Conditions
        • Figure 4-3 Benign migratory glossitis.
    • Infections
      • Fungal Infections
        • Figure 4-4 Acute pseudomembranous candidiasis.
        • Figure 4-5 Recurrent herpes labialis (cold sores or fever blisters).
      • Viral Infections
      • Other Infections
    • Reactive, Hypersensitivity, and Autoimmune Conditions
      • Intrabony and Dental Tissues
        • Figure 4-6 Tuberculous granuloma with Langhans giant cell.
        • Figure 4-7 Apical radicular cyst.
      • Soft Tissue Conditions
        • Figure 4-8 Recurrent aphthous ulcer (minor) of lower labial mucosa.
        • Figure 4-9 Two parulides. The one on the left is about to drain.
        • Figure 4-10 Desquamative gingivitis.
        • Figure 4-11 Lichenoid stomatitis associated with hydrochlorothiazide.
        • Figure 4-12 Subepithelial bulla formation in mucous membrane pemphigoid.
        • Figure 4-13 Tzanck (acantholytic) cells of pemphigus vulgaris.
    • Chemotherapy and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection
      • Figure 4-14 Chemotherapy-associated oral ulcerative mucositis.
      • Figure 4-15 Chronic oral graft-versus-host disease of buccal mucosa.
      • Figure 4-16 HIV-associated aphthous ulcers of the soft palate and oropharynx.
    • Benign Neoplasms and Tumors
      • Odontogenic Tumors
      • Fibro-Osseous Tumors
        • Figure 4-17 Central cement-ossifying fibroma with round globules of cementum and trabeculae of osteoid.
      • Soft Tissue Tumors
        • Figure 4-18 Fibroma of the tongue.
    • Malignant Neoplasms
      • Figure 4-19 Squamous cell carcinoma presenting as leukoplakia with erythematous and verrucous areas.
    • Nonvascular Pigmented Lesions
    • Metabolic Lesions Associated with Systemic Disease
      • Figure 4-20 Racket-shaped Birbeck granule of Langerhans cell histiocytosis.
    • Differential Diagnoses and General Considerations
      • Intrabony Lesions
      • Soft Tissue Lesions
    • Bibliography
    • Infections
    • Reactive, Hypersensitivity, and Autoimmune Conditions
    • Chemotherapy and HIV Disease
    • Benign Neoplasms and Tumors
    • Malignant Neoplasms
    • Nonvascular Pigmented Lesions
    • Metabolic Lesions Associated with Systemic Disease
    • Differential Diagnoses and General Considerations
  • Chapter 5 Oral Radiology
    • Radiation Physics and Biology
      • Figure 5-1 Line pairs/mm (lp/mm) is how spatial resolution is measured in analog systems. In the systems shown, system A has the lowest and system D has the highest resolution.
      • Figure 5-2 Magnification is the ratio of the image size to the object size.
      • Figure 5-3 Changing the target-detector distance changes magnification.
    • Radiographic Techniques
      • Advantages of Storage Phosphor
      • Advantages of Rigid Detector Systems
      • Disadvantages of Storage Phosphor
      • Disadvantages of Rigid Detector Systems
        • Figure 5-4 The recessed long cone compared to the traditional long cone. By moving the anode and target deeper into the x-ray unit, it became possible to build part of the cone into the machine. From the outside, the recessed long cone has the appearance of a short cone.
        • Figure 5-5 Focal trough. Structures positioned on the black line will be in the sharpest focus. As one moves farther away from this line, the structures are less sharp, until they eventually become almost invisible.
        • Figure 5-6 The buccal object rule or tube shift rule (the SLOB rule).
        • Figure 5-7 Is the crown of the impacted bicuspid buccal or lingual to the first molar (see question 36)? It is lingual.
        • Figure 5-8 Formation of a double image. Note that for the formation of the true real image and double image, the object AB is located between the center of rotation and the detector.
        • Figure 5-9 Formation of a ghost image. Note that for the formation of the true real image, AB is located between the center of rotation and the detector, but in the formation of the second (ghost) image, object AB is located between the x-ray tube and center of rotation.
    • Basic Radiologic Interpretive Concepts
      • Figure 5-10 Algorithm for arriving at a radiographic differential diagnosis.
      • Figure 5-11 Axial (A), coronal (frontal; B), and sagittal (C) views of a CBCT scan.
      • Figure 5-12 Coronal view, also known as a cross-sectional view, through the posterior mandible.
      • Figure 5-13 Panoramic reconstruction from a CT scan. Note that there is a differences between a panoramic reconstruction from a CT scan and a panoramic image.
      • Figure 5-14 A, A cropped, full-thickness panoramic reconstruction of a CBCT scan. An opacity (arrow) is visible on the mesial of the apical third of the root of the second molar. Based on this and other perspectives (not shown) on the CBCT scan, the differential diagnosis includes dense bone (enostosis), condensing osteitis, and a tooth root. B, A periapical image of the area clarifies the nature of the opacity, which can be clearly seen to be surrounded by a uniform lucency (the periodontal ligament space), which is in turn surrounded by a cortical border (the lamina dura). One is therefore looking at a tooth root.
      • Figure 5-15 Cross-sectional views of the posterior mandible show a rounded opacity toward the lingual aspect of the alveolus. The differential diagnosis includes bone (enostosis, condensing osteitis) and tooth material. It is not possible to determine definitively which it is.
      • Figure 5-16 A view through a thin section of a panoramic reconstruction shows a dilacrated distal root (arrow) of the third molar. It is this dilaceration that is seen in the cross section. One can now say with certainty that the opacity noted in the cross section is a root.
    • Radiographic Interpretation
      • Figure 5-17 Periapical images showing an example of a dilacerated root (buccal or palatal) and of hypercementosis. Note how, in hypercementosis, the PDL space runs across the tooth.
      • Figure 5-18 A, A normal mandible. B, Depiction of an expanded mandible in which the expansion is a result of pathology within the body of the bone. C, Representation of an expanded mandible in which the expansion is a result of new bone being laid down outside the confines of the original bone.
      • Figure 5-19 A-E, Some common coronal opacities—calculus. These can usually be easily distinguished by their radiographic location and a clinical examination.
    • Bibliography
  • Chapter 6 Periodontology
    • Fundamentals of the Periodontium
    • Classification and Causes of Periodontal Diseases
      • Figure 6-1 The gingiva on this diabetic patient shows severe marginal erythema, evidence of edema, bulbousness, and rolling margin, and an absence of marginal stippling.
      • Figure 6-2 Patient with plaque-induced gingival disease. Note the heavy plaque and calculus. No attachment loss was present.
      • Figure 6-3 Patient with pregnancy-associated gingivitis.
      • Figure 6-4 After treatment, the gingival swelling of patient seen in Figure 6-3 was reduced.
      • Figure 6-5 Initial radiograph (left) and radiographs 3 (middle) and 6 years (right) after the initial radiograph of a patient with localized aggressive periodontitis. Extensive progressive bone loss is shown.
      • Figure 6-6 Clinical (left) and panoramic (right) views of a patient with generalized aggressive periodontitis. Significant bone loss and clinical attachment loss are present.
      • Figure 6-7 Radiographic (left) and clinical (right) views of severe bone loss and deep pocket depth on tooth #30. Note the significant enamel projection.
    • Concept of Disease Activity
    • Periodontal Diagnosis
    • Adjunctive Periodontal Therapy
    • Occlusal Treatment
      • Figure 6-8 Defect on tooth #30 caused by plaque and occlusal trauma.
    • Initial Treatment of Periodontal Disease
      • Figure 6-9 Left, Significant swelling on the mandibular anterior teeth. The patient was diagnosed with periodontal abscess. Right, Radiographic view shows bone loss.
    • Surgical Treatment of Periodontal Disease
      • Figure 6-10 Grade I furcation on the mesial of tooth #14. No other areas of attachment loss are present. Note the overhanging amalgam restoration.
      • Figure 6-11 Tooth #19 presents with buccal furcation involvement. Note the margin of the restoration ends at the buccal furcation.
      • Figure 6-12 Radiographic view of teeth #2 and #3 showing root proximity and overhanging amalgam restoration.
      • Figure 6-13 Radiographic view of localized osseous defect on the mesial of tooth #31.
    • Mucogingival Surgery
      • Figure 6-14 Tooth #27 showing a lack of attached gingiva.
      • Figure 6-15 Gingival recession on the palatal side of the maxillary right posterior teeth.
      • Figure 6-16 Facial gingival recession on the mandibular right posterior teeth.
      • Figure 6-17 Infrabony defect on the distal of tooth #6.
    • Regenerative Procedures
      • Figure 6-18 Panoramic (left) and clinical views (middle, right) of a Seibert class III ridge defect in the mandibular anterior ridge.
    • Dental Implants
    • Periodontal Maintenance
    • Bibliography
    • Classification of Periodontal Diseases and Causes
    • Concepts of Disease Activity
    • Periodontal Diagnosis
    • Adjunctive Periodontal Therapy
    • Occlusal Treatment
    • Initial Treatment of Periodontal Disease
    • Surgical Treatment of Periodontal Disease
    • Mucogingival Surgery
    • Regenerative Procedures
    • Dental Implants
    • Periodontal Maintenance
  • Chapter 7 Endodontics
    • Diagnosis
    • Clinical Endodontics (Treatment)
    • Pulp and Periapical Biology
    • Microbiology and Pharmacology
    • Anesthesia
    • Surgical Endodontics
    • Bibliography
  • Chapter 8 Restorative Dentistry
    • Cariology
      • Figure 8-1 Dental caries prevalence by age.
      • Figure 8-2 CariScreen testing meter and testing swabs.
      • Figure 8-3 Example of a cariogram.
      • Figure 8-4 Black classification. Various tooth defects are categorized into six classes based on the specific location of the lesions.
      • Figure 8-5 Fluoride’s effect on bacteria.
      • Figure 8-6 Demineralization and remineralization processes.
      • Figure 8-7 Stephan plot.
      • Figure 8-8 Comparison of pH and TA in common beverages.
      • Figure 8-9 Scanning electron microscope image of enamel before and after exposure to cola.
      • Figure 8-10 Microscopic zones of enamel caries.
      • Figure 8-11 Sclerotic and reparative dentin.
      • Figure 8-12 Cavitated carious lesion. AD, Affected dentin; ID, infected dentin; P, pulp; RD, reparative dentin; SD, sclerotic dentin.
      • Figure 8-13 Arrows indicate liquefaction foci filled with necrotic debris.
      • Figure 8-14 Small, smooth-surface enamel caries. A, In water (polarized light). B, In quinolin (polarized light). B, Body; DZ, dark zone; SZ, surface zone; TZ, translucent zone.
      • Figure 8-15 Example of a decision tree.
      • Figure 8-16 The caries balance.
    • Dental Adhesives
      • Table 8-1 Air Abrasion Systems
      • Table 8-2 Dental Adhesives
      • Table 8-3 Total-Etch (TE) and Self-Etch (SE) Adhesives
    • Composites
    • Cements
    • Technique Tips
    • Tooth Whitening
      • Dental Lasers
        • Table 8-4 At- Home Bleaching Products
        • Table 8-5 In-Office Bleaching Products
    • Amalgam
      • Table 8-6 Hard and Soft Tissue Laser Manufacturers
      • Table 8-7 Current Amalgam Products
    • Posts and Cores
    • Amalgam, Mercury, and Health Issues
    • Bibliography
  • Chapter 9 Prosthodontics
    • Fixed Prosthodontics
      • Figure 9-1 Fit is a relationship between the occlusal seal and the marginal seal.
      • Figure 9-2 The subgingival margin should not impinge into the attachment apparatus.
    • Materials
      • Figure 9-3 Margin tooth reduction (1.0-1.5 mm) is necessary for acceptance of the porcelain to cover metal.
      • Figure 9-4 Diagram of porcelain margin.
      • Figure 9-5 Segmental buildup to construct a porcelain crown.
      • Figure 9-6 Tooth preparation for an all-ceramic crown.
      • Figure 9-7 Requirements for the preparation of a BruxZir Solid Zirconia crown consist of using a feather edge, a shoulder preparation is not necessary, and a minimum 0.5 mm occlusal reduction. A 1 mm occlusal reduction is ideal, though.
      • Figure 9-8 All-ceramic crowns on maxillary anterior segment (teeth #6-11).
      • Figure 9-9 Ceramic veneer (tooth #10) bonded to tooth.
    • Removable Partial Dentures
    • Full Dentures
    • Implants
      • Figure 9-10 Osseointegrated implant.
      • Figure 9-11 Components of an implant.
      • Figure 9-12 High-water prosthesis.
      • Figure 9-13 Fixed implant–supported prosthesis.
      • Figure 9-14 UCLA-type abutment.
    • Bibliography
  • Chapter 10 Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics
    • Pediatric Dentistry
      • Table 10-1 Fluoride Supplementation
      • Table 10-2 Caries Risk Assessment Tool (CAT)
      • Table 10-3 Chronology of Development and Eruption of Teeth*
    • Orthodontic Treatment
    • Bibliography
  • Chapter 11 Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
    • Acknowledgment
    • General Topics
    • Sutures: Techniques and Types
    • Tooth Extraction
    • Infections and Abscesses
      • Table 11-1
    • Dental Trauma
    • Local Anesthesia
    • Postoperative Management and Wound Healing
    • Implantology
    • Pain Syndromes and Temporomandibular Joint Disorders
    • Bibliography
  • Chapter 12 Infection and Hazard Controls
    • Table 12-1 Hand-hygiene Methods and Indications
    • Personal Protective Equipment
      • Table 12-2 How to Select Task-appropriate Gloves
    • Bloodborne Infections and Vaccination
      • BOX 12-1 Recommendations for Managing Occupational Blood Exposures
      • Table 12-3 Potential Transmission Risks to Health Care Workers
      • Table 12-4 Postexposure Evaluation and Follow-up Requirements After Exposure Incident
    • Instrument Reprocessing and Sterilization
      • Table 12-5 Spaulding Classification of Surfaces*
      • Table 12-6
      • BOX 12-2 Indications for More Frequent Biologic Monitoring of Sterilization Units
    • Handling and Disposal of Dental Waste
      • Table 12-7 Recommendations for Routine Use of Biologic Monitoring (Spore Tests)
    • Dental Water Quality
    • Bibliography
  • Chapter 13 Dental Public Health
    • Public Health Promotion
      • Table 13-1 Supplemental Fluoride Dosage Schedule
    • Epidemiology and Biostatistics
      • Table 13-2
    • Health Policy
    • Bibliography
  • Chapter 14 Legal Issues and Ethics
    • Legal Issues
      • Figure 14-1
    • Ethics
      • BOX 14-1 Ozar’s and Sokol’s Interactive Model of Dentistry
        • Medical Indications
        • Patient Preferences
        • Quality of Life
        • Contextual Features
    • Bibliography
    • Ethics and Dentistry
  • Index
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • H
    • I
    • J
    • K
    • L
    • M
    • N
    • O
    • P
    • Q
    • R
    • S
    • T
    • U
    • V
    • W
    • X
    • Z

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Dental Secrets

Vörunúmer: 9780323262781
Rafræn bók. Uppl. sendar á netfangið þitt eftir kaup

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