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Biomechanics For Dummies

Vörumerki: Dummies Series
Vörunúmer: 9781118674765
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Biomechanics For Dummies

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  • Introduction
    • About This Book
    • Foolish Assumptions
    • Icons Used in This Book
    • Beyond the Book
    • Where to Go from Here
  • Part I: Getting Started with Biomechanics
    • Chapter 1: Jumping Into Biomechanics
      • Analyzing Movement with Biomechanics
        • Mechanics
        • Bio
      • Expanding on Mechanics
        • Describing motion with kinematics
        • Causing motion with kinetics
      • Putting Biomechanics to Work
    • Chapter 2: Reviewing the Math You Need for Biomechanics
      • Getting Orientated
      • Brushing Up on Algebra
        • Following the order of operations
        • Defining some math operations
        • Isolating a variable
        • Interpreting proportionality
      • Looking for the Hypotenuse
        • Using the Pythagorean theorem
        • De-tricking trigonometric functions: SOH CAH TOA
      • Unvexing Vector Quantities
        • Resolving a vector into components
        • Composing a vector from components
    • Chapter 3: Speaking the Language of Biomechanics
      • Measuring Scalars and Vectors
      • Standardizing a Reference Frame
        • Directing your attention to locations of the body
        • Referencing planes and axes
      • Describing Movement: Kinematics
        • Typecasting motion: Linear, angular, and general
        • Describing how far: Distance and displacement
        • Describing how fast: Speed and velocity
        • Changing velocity: Acceleration
      • Pushing and Pulling into Kinetics
        • Forcing yourself to understand Newton's laws of motion
        • Using the impulse–momentum relationship
      • Working with Energy and Power
        • Mechanical work
        • Mechanical energy
        • Mechanical power
      • Turning Force into Torque
      • Dealing with Measurement Units
      • Using the Neuromusculoskeletal System to Move
        • The skeletal system
        • The muscular system
        • The nervous system
  • Part II: Looking At Linear Mechanics
    • Chapter 4: Making Motion Change: Force
      • Pushing and Pulling: What Is Force?
      • Working with Force Vectors
        • Using the force components to find the resultant
        • Resolving a force into components
      • Classifying Forces
        • Contact and noncontact forces
        • Internal and external forces
      • Feeling the Pull of Gravity
      • Slipping, Sliding, and Staying Put: Friction Is FµN
        • Materials do matter: The coefficient of friction(µ)
        • Squeezing to stick: Normal reaction force(N)
    • Chapter 5: Describing Linear Motion: Linear Kinematics
      • Identifying Position
      • Describing How Far a Body Travels
        • Distance
        • Displacement
      • Describing How Fast a Body Travels
        • Speed
        • Velocity
        • Momentum
      • Speeding Up or Slowing Down: Acceleration
        • Constant acceleration
        • Projectile motion
    • Chapter 6: Causing Linear Motion: Linear Kinetics
      • Clarifying Net Force and Unbalanced Force
      • Newton's First Law: The Law of Inertia
      • Newton's Third Law: The Law of Equal and Opposite Action–Reaction
      • Newton's Second Law: The Law of Acceleration
        • Deriving the impulse–momentum relationship from the law of acceleration
        • Applying the impulse–momentum relationship for movement analysis
    • Chapter 7: Looking At Force and Motion Another Way: Work, Energy, and Power
      • Working with Force
      • Energizing Movement
        • Kinetic energy
        • Potential energy
      • Conserving Mechanical Energy
      • Powering Better Performance
      • The Work–Energy Relationship
  • Part III: Investigating Angular Mechanics
    • Chapter 8: Twisting and Turning: Torques and Moments of Force
      • Defining Torque
        • Lining up for rotation: The moment arm of a force
        • Calculating the turning effect of a force
      • Measuring Torque
        • Muscling into torque: How muscles serve as torque generators
        • Resisting torque: External torques on the body
      • Expanding on Equilibrium: Balanced Forces and Torques
      • Locating the Center of Gravity of a Body
    • Chapter 9: Angling into Rotation: Angular Kinematics
      • Measuring Angular Position
      • Describing How Far a Body Rotates
        • Angular distance
        • Angular displacement
      • Describing How Fast a Body Rotates
        • Angular speed
        • Angular velocity
      • Speeding Up or Slowing Down: Angular Acceleration
      • Relating Angular Motion to Linear Motion
        • Angular displacement and linear displacement
        • Angular velocity and linear velocity
        • Angular acceleration and linear acceleration
    • Chapter 10: Causing Angular Motion: Angular Kinetics
      • Resisting Angular Motion: The Moment of Inertia
        • The moment of inertia of a segment
        • The moment of inertia of the whole body
      • Considering Angular Momentum
        • Angular momentum of a rigid body
        • Angular momentum of the human body when individual segments rotate
      • A New Angle on Newton: Angular Versions of Newton's Laws
        • Maintaining angular momentum: Newton's first law
        • Changing angular momentum: Newton's second law
        • Equal but opposite: Newton's third law
      • Changing Angular Momentum with Angular Impulse
    • Chapter 11: Fluid Mechanics
      • Buoyancy: Floating Along
      • Considering Force Due to Motion in Fluid
        • Causing drag in a fluid
        • Causing lift in a fluid
  • Part IV: Analyzing the “Bio” of Biomechanics
    • Chapter 12: Stressing and Straining: The Mechanics of Materials
      • Visualizing Internal Loading of a Body
      • Applying Internal Force: Stress
        • Normal stress
        • Shear stress
      • Responding to Internal Force: Strain
        • Determining tensile strain
        • Determining compressive strain
        • Determining shear strain
      • Straining from Stress: The Stress–Strain Relationship
        • Give and go: Behaving elastically
        • Give and stay: Behaving plastically
    • Chapter 13: Boning Up on Skeletal Biomechanics
      • What the Skeletal System Does
      • How Bones Are Classified
      • The Materials and Structure of Bones
        • Materials: What bones are made of
        • Structure: How bones are organized
      • Connecting Bones: Joints
        • Immovable joints
        • Slightly movable joints
        • Freely movable joints
      • Growing and Changing Bone
        • Changing bone dimensions
        • Stressing bone: The effects of physical activity and inactivity
    • Chapter 14: Touching a Nerve: Neural Considerations in Biomechanics
      • Monitoring and Controlling the Body: The Roles of the Nervous System
      • Outlining the Nervous System
        • The central nervous system
        • The peripheral nervous system
      • Zeroing In on Neurons
        • Parts of neurons
        • Types of neurons
      • Controlling Motor Units
        • Motor unit recruitment
        • Rate coding
    • Chapter 15: Muscling Segments Around: Muscle Biomechanics
      • Characterizing Muscle
      • Seeing How Skeletal Muscles Are Structured
        • The macrostructure of muscles
        • The microstructure of muscle fibers
      • Comparing Types of Muscle Activity
        • Isometric activity
        • Concentric activity
        • Eccentric activity
      • Producing Muscle Force
        • Relating muscle length and tension
        • Relating muscle velocity and tension
      • Stretching before Shortening: The Key to Optimal Muscle Force
  • Part V: Applying Biomechanics
    • Chapter 16: Eyeballing Performance: Qualitative Analysis
      • Serving as a Movement Analyst
      • Evaluating the Performance
        • Identifying the goal of the movement
        • Specifying the mechanical objective
        • Determining whether the goal has been reached
      • Troubleshooting the Performance
        • Constraints on performance
        • Technique errors
        • Pitching by the phases
      • Intervening to Improve the Performance
        • Adapting the constraints on throwing performance
        • Refining technique
    • Chapter 17: Putting a Number on Performance: Quantitative Analysis
      • Converting Continuous Data to Numbers
      • Measuring Kinematics: Motion-Capture Systems
        • Collecting kinematic data
        • Processing kinematic data
      • Measuring Kinetics: Force Platform Systems
        • Collecting kinetic data
        • Processing kinetic data
      • Recording Muscle Activity: Electromyography
        • Collecting the electromyogram
        • Processing the electromyogram
    • Chapter 18: Furthering Biomechanics: Research Applications
      • Exercising in Space
      • Repairing the Anterior Cruciate Ligament
      • Running Like Our Ancestors
      • Protecting Our Beans: Helmet Design
      • Balancing on Two Legs: Harder Than You Think
    • Chapter 19: Investigating Forensic Biomechanics: How Did It Happen?
      • Collecting Information for a Forensic Biomechanics Analysis
        • Witness accounts
        • Police incident investigation reports
        • Medical records
      • Determining the Mechanism of Injury
      • Evaluating Different Scenarios
        • Ending up on the far side of the road
        • Landing in water with a broken jaw
  • Part VI: The Part of Tens
    • Chapter 20: Ten Online Resources for Biomechanics
      • The Exploratorium
      • The Physics Classroom
      • Coaches Info
      • Textbook-Related Websites
      • Topend Sports
      • Dr. Mike Marshall's Pitching Coach Services
      • Waterloo's Dr. Spine, Stuart McGill
      • Skeletal Bio Lab
      • Biomch-L
      • American Society of Biomechanics
    • Chapter 21: Ten Things You May Not Know about Biomechanics
      • Looking at How Biomechanics Got Its Start
      • Adding Realism to Entertainment
      • Developing Safer Motor Vehicles
      • Improving the On-Shelf Quality of Fruits and Vegetables
      • Fitting Footwear to the Activity
      • Banning Biomechanically Improved Sport Techniques
      • Re-Creating Dinosaurs
      • Designing Universally and Ergonomically
      • Giving a Hand to Prosthetics Design
      • Losing Weight to Help Your Joints
    • Chapter 22: Ten Ways to Succeed in Your Biomechanics Course
      • Go to Class and Ask Questions
      • Read the Textbook
      • Do the Problems and Review Questions at the End of the Chapter
      • Create Flashcards
      • Go to Office Hours
      • Form a Study Group with Classmates
      • Accept and Apply Newton as the Foundation of Movement Analysis
      • Talk Fluent Biomechanics with Your Classmates
      • Volunteer for Research Projects
      • Attend a Biomechanics Conference
  • About the Author
  • Cheat Sheet
  • More Dummies Products


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Vörumerki: Dummies Series
Vörunúmer: 9781118674765
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