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Bailey & Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology

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Efnisyfirlit

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • Reviewers
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • I. Basic Medical Microbiology
    • Microbial taxonomy
      • Classification
      • Nomenclature
      • Identification
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • Bacterial genetics, metabolism, and structure
      • Bacterial genetics
      • Bacterial metabolism
      • Structure and function of the bacterial cell
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • Host-microorganism interactions
      • The encounter between host and microorganism
      • Microorganism colonization of host surfaces
      • Microorganism entry, invasion, and dissemination
      • Outcome and prevention of infectious diseases
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
  • II. General Principles in Clinical Microbiology
    • Section 1. Safety and Specimen Management
      • 4.  Laboratory safety
        • Sterilization, disinfection, and decontamination
        • Chemical safety
        • Fire safety
        • Electrical safety
        • Handling of compressed gases
        • Biosafety
        • Exposure control plan
        • Employee education and orientation
        • Disposal of hazardous waste
        • Standard precautions
        • Engineering controls
        • Classification of biologic agents based on hazard
        • Mailing biohazardous materials
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 5.  Specimen management
        • General concepts for specimen collection and handling
        • Specimen preservation
        • Specimen workup
        • Expediting results reporting: Computerization
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
    • Section 2. Approaches to Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases
      • 6.  Role of microscopy
        • Bright-field (light) microscopy
        • Phase-contrast microscopy
        • Fluorescent microscopy
        • Dark-field microscopy
        • Electron microscopy
        • Digital automated microscopy
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 7.  Traditional cultivation and identification
        • Organism identification
        • Principles of bacterial cultivation
        • Bacterial cultivation
        • Principles of identification
        • Principles of phenotypic identification schemes
        • Commercial identification systems and automation
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 8.  Nucleic acid–based analytic methods for microbial identification and characterization
        • Overview of nucleic acid–based methods
        • Postamplification and traditional analysis
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 9.  Overview of immunochemical methods used for organism detection
        • Features of the immune response
        • Production of antibodies for use in laboratory testing
        • IgM clinical significance
        • Separating IgM from IgG for serologic testing
        • Principles of immunochemical methods used for organism detection
        • Summary
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
    • Section 3. Evaluation of Antimicrobial Activity
      • 10.  Principles of antimicrobial action and resistance
        • Antimicrobial action
        • Mechanisms of antibiotic resistance
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 11.  Laboratory methods and strategies for antimicrobial susceptibility testing
        • Goal and limitations
        • Testing methods
        • Laboratory strategies for antimicrobial susceptibility testing
        • Accuracy
        • Communication
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
        • Reference
  • III. Bacteriology
    • Section 1. Principles of Identification
      • 12.  Overview of bacterial identification methods and strategies
        • Rationale for approaching organism identification
        • Future trends of organism identification
        • Bibliography
    • Section 2. Catalase-Positive, Gram-Positive Cocci
      • 13.  Staphylococcus, micrococcus, and similar organisms
        • General characteristics
        • Epidemiology
        • Pathogenesis and spectrum of disease
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and therapy
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
    • Section 3. Catalase-Negative, Gram-Positive Cocci
      • 14.  Streptococcus, enterococcus, and similar organisms
        • General characteristics
        • Epidemiology
        • Pathogenesis and spectrum of disease
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and therapy
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
    • Section 4. Non-Branching, Catalase-Positive, Gram-Positive Bacilli
      • 15.  Bacillus and similar organisms
        • General characteristics
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and therapy
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 16.  Listeria, corynebacterium, and similar organisms
        • General characteristics
        • Epidemiology
        • Pathogenesis and spectrum of disease
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and therapy
        • Prevention
        • Treatment
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
    • Section 5. Non-Branching, Catalase-Negative, Gram-Positive Bacilli
      • 17.  Erysipelothrix, lactobacillus, and similar organisms
        • General characteristics
        • Epidemiology
        • Pathogenesis and spectrum of disease
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and therapy
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
    • Section 6. Branching or Partially Acid-Fast, Gram-Positive Bacilli
      • 18.  Nocardia, streptomyces, rhodococcus, and similar organisms
        • General characteristics
        • Epidemiology and pathogenesis
        • Spectrum of disease
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and therapy
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
    • Section 7. Gram-Negative Bacilli and Coccobacilli (MacConkey-Positive, Oxidase-Negative)
      • 19.  Enterobacteriaceae
        • General characteristics
        • Epidemiology
        • Pathogenesis and spectrum of diseases
        • Specific organisms
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and therapy
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 20.  Acinetobacter, stenotrophomonas, and other organisms
        • General characteristics
        • Epidemiology
        • Pathogenesis and spectrum of disease
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Antimicrobial resistance and antimicrobial susceptibility testing
        • Antimicrobial therapy
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
    • Section 8. Gram-Negative Bacilli and Coccobacilli (MacConkey-Positive, Oxidase-Positive)
      • 21.  Pseudomonas, burkholderia, and similar organisms
        • General characteristics
        • Epidemiology
        • Pathogenesis and spectrum of disease
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and therapy
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 22.  Achromobacter, rhizobium, ochrobactrum, and similar organisms
        • General characteristics
        • Epidemiology
        • Pathogenesis and spectrum of disease
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and therapy
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 23.  Chryseobacterium, sphingobacterium, and similar organisms
        • General characteristics
        • Epidemiology
        • Pathogenesis and spectrum of disease
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and therapy
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 24.  Alcaligenes, bordetella (nonpertussis), comamonas, and similar organisms
        • General characteristics
        • Epidemiology
        • Pathogenesis and spectrum of disease
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and therapy
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 25.  Vibrio, aeromonas, and similar organisms
        • General characteristics
        • Epidemiology
        • Pathogenesis and spectrum of disease
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and therapy
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
    • Section 9. Gram-Negative Bacilli and Coccobacilli (MacConkey-Negative, Oxidase-Positive)
      • 26.  Sphingomonas paucimobilis and similar organisms
        • General considerations
        • Epidemiology, spectrum of disease, and antimicrobial therapy
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 27.  Moraxella
        • General characteristics
        • Epidemiology, spectrum of disease, and antimicrobial therapy
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 28.  Eikenella corrodens and similar organisms
        • General characteristics
        • Epidemiology, spectrum of disease, and antimicrobial therapy
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Serodiagnosis
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 29.  Pasteurella and similar organisms
        • General characteristics and taxonomy
        • Epidemiology, spectrum of disease, and antimicrobial therapy
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Serodiagnosis
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 30.  Actinobacillus, kingella, cardiobacterium, capnocytophaga, and similar organisms
        • General characteristics
        • Epidemiology, pathogenesis, and spectrum of disease and antimicrobial therapy
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Serodiagnosis
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
    • Section 10. Gram-Negative Bacilli and Coccobacilli (MacConkey-Negative, Oxidase-Variable)
      • 31.  Haemophilus
        • General characteristics
        • Epidemiology
        • Pathogenesis and spectrum of disease
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and therapy
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
    • Section 11. Gram-Negative Bacilli that are Optimally Recovered on Special Media
      • 32.  Bartonella and afipia
        • Bartonella
        • Afipia felis
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 33.  Campylobacter, arcobacter, and helicobacter
        • Campylobacter and arcobacter
        • Helicobacter spp.
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 34.  Legionella
        • General characteristics
        • Pathogenesis and spectrum of disease
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and therapy
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 35.  Brucella
        • General characteristics
        • Epidemiology and pathogenesis
        • Spectrum of disease
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and therapy
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 36.  Bordetella pertussis, bordetella parapertussis, and related species
        • General characteristics
        • Spectrum of disease
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and therapy
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 37.  Francisella
        • General characteristics
        • Epidemiology and pathogenesis
        • Spectrum of disease
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and therapy
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 38.  Streptobacillus moniliformis and spirillum minus
        • Streptobacillus moniliformis
        • Spirillum minus
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
    • Section 12. Gram-Negative Cocci
      • 39.  Neisseria and moraxella catarrhalis
        • General characteristics
        • Epidemiology
        • Pathogenesis and spectrum of disease
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and therapy
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
    • Section 13. Anaerobic Bacteriology
      • 40.  Overview and general laboratory considerations
        • General characteristics
        • Specimen collection and transport
        • Macroscopic examination of specimens
        • Direct detection methods
        • Specimen processing
        • Anaerobic media
        • Approach to identification
        • Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and therapy
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 41.  Overview of anaerobic organisms
        • Epidemiology
        • Pathogenesis and spectrum of disease
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
    • Section 14. Mycobacteria and Other Bacteria with Unusual Growth Requirements
      • 42.  Mycobacteria
        • Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex
        • Nontuberculous mycobacteria
        • Laboratory diagnosis of mycobacterial infections
        • Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and therapy
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 43.  Obligate intracellular and nonculturable bacterial agents
        • Chlamydia
        • Rickettsia, orientia, anaplasma, and ehrlichia
        • Coxiella
        • Tropheryma whipplei
        • Klebsiella granulomatis
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 44.  Cell wall-deficient bacteria: Mycoplasma and ureaplasma
        • General characteristics
        • Epidemiology and pathogenesis
        • Spectrum of disease
        • Laboratory diagnosis
        • Cultivation
        • Susceptibility testing and therapy
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
      • 45.  The spirochetes
        • Treponema
        • Borrelia
        • Brachyspira
        • Leptospira
        • Prevention
        • Chapter review
        • Bibliography
  • 21. Parasitology
    • 46.  Overview of the methods and strategies in parasitology
      • Epidemiology
      • Pathogenesis and spectrum of disease
      • Laboratory diagnosis
      • Approach to identification
      • Prevention
      • Chapter review
    • 47.  Intestinal protozoa
      • Amoebae
      • Flagellates
      • Ciliates
      • Sporozoa (apicomplexa)
      • Microsporidia
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 48.  Blood and tissue protozoa
      • Plasmodium spp.
      • Babesia spp.
      • Trypanosoma spp.
      • Leishmania spp.
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 49.  Protozoa from other body sites
      • Free-living amoebae
      • Naegleria fowleri
      • Acanthamoeba spp.
      • Acanthamoeba keratitis
      • Balamuthia mandrillaris
      • Trichomonas vaginalis
      • Pentatrichomonas hominis
      • Toxoplasma gondii
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 50.  Intestinal nematodes
      • Ascaris lumbricoides
      • Enterobius vermicularis
      • Strongyloides stercoralis
      • Trichostrongylus spp.
      • Trichuris trichiura
      • Capillaria philippinensis
      • Hookworms
      • Ancylostoma duodenale
      • Necator americanus
      • Results and reporting
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 51.  Tissue nematodes
      • Trichinella spiralis
      • Toxocara canis (visceral larva migrans) and toxocara cati (ocular larva migrans)
      • Ancylostoma braziliense or ancylostoma caninum (cutaneous larva migrans)
      • Dracunculus medinensis
      • Parastrongylus cantonensis (cerebral angiostrongyliasis)
      • Parastrongylus costaricensis (abdominal angiostrongyliasis)
      • Gnathostoma spinigerum
      • Dirofilaria immitis and other species
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 52.  Blood nematodes
      • Wuchereria bancrofti
      • Brugia malayi and brugia timori
      • Loa loa
      • Onchocerca volvulus
      • Mansonella spp. (M. ozzardi, M. streptocerca, M. perstans)
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 53.  Intestinal cestodes
      • Diphyllobothrium latum
      • Dipylidium caninum
      • Hymenolepis nana
      • Hymenolepis diminuta
      • Taenia solium
      • Taenia saginata
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 54.  Tissue cestodes
      • Taenia solium
      • Echinococcus granulosus
      • Echinococcus multilocularis
      • Taenia multiceps and other species
      • Spirometra mansonoides
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 55.  Intestinal trematodes
      • Fasciolopsis buski
      • Heterophyes and metagonimus yokogawai
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 56.  Liver and lung trematodes
      • The liver flukes
      • The lung flukes
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 57.  Blood trematodes
      • General characteristics
      • Epidemiology
      • Pathology and spectrum of disease
      • Laboratory diagnosis
      • Therapy
      • Prevention
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
  • 22. Mycology
    • 58.  Overview of fungal identification methods and strategies
      • Epidemiology
      • General features of the fungi
      • Taxonomy of the fungi
      • Clinical classification of the fungi
      • Pathogenesis and spectrum of disease
      • Laboratory diagnosis
      • General considerations for the identification of yeasts
      • General considerations for the identification of molds
      • General morphologic features of the molds
      • Clinical relevance for fungal identification
      • Laboratory safety
      • Prevention
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 59.  Hyaline molds, mucorales, entomophthorales, dermatophytes, and opportunistic and systemic mycoses
      • The mucorales
      • The entomophthorales
      • The dermatophytes
      • The opportunistic mycoses
      • Systemic mycoses
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
      • References
    • 60.  Dematiaceious (melanized) molds
      • General characteristics
      • Epidemiology and pathogenesis
      • Pathogenesis and spectrum of disease
      • Laboratory diagnosis
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 61.  Opportunistic atypical fungus: pneumocystis jirovecii
      • General characteristics
      • Epidemiology
      • Pathogenesis and spectrum of disease
      • Laboratory diagnosis
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
      • References
    • 62.  The yeasts
      • General characteristics
      • Epidemiology
      • Pathogenesis and spectrum of disease
      • Laboratory diagnosis
      • Commercially available yeast identification systems
      • Conventional yeast identification methods
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
      • Reference
    • 63.  Antifungal susceptibility testing, therapy, and prevention
      • Antifungal susceptibility testing
      • Antifungal therapy and prevention
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
  • 23. Virology
    • 64.  Overview of the methods and strategies in virology
      • General characteristics
      • Epidemiology
      • Pathogenesis and spectrum of disease
      • Prevention and therapy
      • Viruses that cause human diseases
      • Laboratory diagnosis
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 65.  Viruses in human disease
      • Viruses in human disease
      • Adenoviruses
      • Arenaviruses
      • Bunyaviruses
      • Caliciviruses
      • Coronaviruses
      • Filoviruses
      • Flaviviruses
      • Hepevirus
      • Hepadnaviruses
      • Herpes viruses
      • Orthomyxoviruses
      • Papillomaviruses
      • Paramyxoviruses
      • Parvoviruses
      • Picornaviruses
      • Polyomaviruses
      • Poxviruses
      • Reoviruses
      • Retroviruses
      • Rhabdoviruses
      • Togaviruses
      • Miscellaneous viruses
      • Interpretation of laboratory test results
      • Prions in human disease
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 66.  Antiviral therapy, susceptibility testing, and prevention
      • Antiviral therapy
      • Antiviral resistance
      • Methods of antiviral susceptibility testing
      • Prevention of other viral infections
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
  • 24. Diagnosis by Organ System
    • 67.  Bloodstream infections
      • General considerations
      • Detection of bacteremia
      • Special considerations for other relevant organisms isolated from blood
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 68.  Infections of the lower respiratory tract
      • General considerations
      • Diseases of the lower respiratory tract
      • Laboratory diagnosis of lower respiratory tract infections
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 69.  Upper respiratory tract infections and other infections of the oral cavity and neck
      • General considerations
      • Diseases of the upper respiratory tract, oral cavity, and neck
      • Diagnosis of upper respiratory tract infections
      • Diagnosis of infections in the oral cavity and neck
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 70.  Meningitis and other infections of the central nervous system
      • General considerations
      • Shunt infections
      • Laboratory diagnosis of central nervous system infections
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 71.  Infections of the eyes, ears, and sinuses
      • Eyes
      • Ears
      • Sinuses
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 72.  Infections of the urinary tract
      • General considerations
      • Infections of the urinary tract
      • Laboratory diagnosis of urinary tract infections
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 73.  Genital tract infections
      • General considerations
      • Genital tract infections
      • Laboratory diagnosis of genital tract infections
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 74.  Gastrointestinal tract infections
      • Anatomy
      • Resident gastrointestinal microbiome
      • Gastroenteritis
      • Other infections of the gastrointestinal tract
      • Laboratory diagnosis of gastrointestinal tract infections
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 75.  Skin, soft tissue, and wound infections
      • General considerations
      • Skin and soft tissue infections
      • Laboratory diagnostic procedures
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 76.  Normally sterile body fluids, bone and bone marrow, and solid tissues
      • Specimens from sterile body sites
      • Laboratory diagnostic procedures
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
  • 25. Clinical Laboratory Management
    • 77.  Quality in the clinical microbiology laboratory
      • Quality program
      • Specimen collection and transport
      • Standard Operating Procedure Manual
      • Personnel
      • Reference laboratories
      • Patient reports
      • Proficiency testing
      • Performance checks
      • Antimicrobial susceptibility tests
      • Maintenance of quality control records
      • Maintenance of reference quality control stocks
      • Quality assurance program
      • Types of quality assurance audits
      • Conducting a quality assurance audit
      • Continuous daily monitoring
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 78.  Infection control
      • Incidence of health care–associated infections
      • Types of health care–associated infections
      • Emergence of antibiotic-resistant microorganisms
      • Hospital infection control programs
      • Role of the microbiology laboratory
      • Characterizing strains involved in an outbreak
      • Preventing health care–associated infections
      • Surveillance methods
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • 79.  Sentinel laboratory response to bioterrorism
      • General considerations
      • Government laws and regulations
      • Laboratory response network
      • Chapter review
      • Bibliography
    • Glossary
  • Index

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Vörumerki: Elsevier
Vörunúmer: 9780323354820
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Bailey & Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology

Vörumerki: Elsevier
Vörunúmer: 9780323354820
Rafræn bók. Uppl. sendar á netfangið þitt eftir kaup
15.990 kr.
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