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An Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology

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Efnisyfirlit

  • Contents
  • List of Figures
  • List of Tables
  • Preface to the Third Edition
  • List of Abbreviations
  • 1 Introduction
    • 1.1 Phonetics and phonology
    • 1.2 Theory and analysis
    • 1.3 Applications of phonetics and phonology
    • 1.4 Outline of this book
    • Exercises
  • 2 Segmental Articulation
    • 2.1 Introduction
    • 2.2 A functional overview of the speech production process
    • 2.3 The organs of speech
    • 2.4 Describing speech sounds
    • 2.5 Airstream mechanisms
    • 2.6 Modes of phonation
    • 2.7 Vocalic sounds
    • 2.8 Duration and glide in vocalic articulations
    • 2.9 Consonantal sounds
    • 2.10 Vocal tract place
    • 2.11 Tongue position
    • 2.12 Manner of articulation
    • 2.13 Stricture
    • 2.14 Force
    • 2.15 Length
    • 2.16 Voice onset
    • Exercises
  • 3 Units of Speech
    • Introduction
    • 3.1 Identifying the units of speech
    • 3.2 Complex articulations
    • 3.3 Nasalization
    • 3.4 Labialization
    • 3.5 Palatalization
    • 3.6 Velarization and pharyngealization
    • 3.7 Affrication
    • 3.8 Double articulation
    • 3.9 Vowel retroflexion
    • 3.10 Diphthongization
    • 3.11 Syllabicity
    • 3.12 Segmentation and structure
    • 3.13 Diphthongs and related phenomena
    • 3.14 Interpretations
    • Exercises
  • 4 The Phonemic Organization of Speech
    • Introduction
    • 4.1 Phonetic variability
    • 4.2 The phoneme
    • 4.3 Allophones
    • 4.4 Phonemic norms
    • 4.5 Pattern and symmetry
    • 4.6 Phonological reality
    • 4.7 Units and boundaries
    • 4.8 Invariance and overlap
    • 4.9 Biuniqueness and neutralization
    • 4.10 Morphophonemic alternations
    • 4.11 Free variation
    • 4.12 The sounds of the world’s languages
    • Exercises
  • 5 The Generative Approach to Phonology
    • Introduction
    • 5.1 The origins of generative phonology
    • 5.2 The sound pattern of English
    • 5.3 Basic rule notation in generative phonology
    • 5.4 Formalism and evaluation
    • 5.5 Abbreviatory devices in rule notation
    • 5.6 Rule order
    • 5.7 Functional considerations
    • 5.8 Naturalness and markedness
    • 5.9 Abstractness
    • Exercises
  • 6 The Anatomy and Physiology of Speech Production
    • 6.1 Introduction
    • 6.2 Conventions of anatomical description
    • 6.3 The nervous system
    • 6.4 The respiratory system
    • 6.5 The larynx
    • 6.6 Phonation
    • 6.7 The pharynx
    • 6.8 The velum and the nasal cavity
    • 6.9 The oral cavity
    • 6.10 The tongue
    • 6.11 The lips
    • 6.12 The mandible
    • Exercises
  • 7 The Acoustics of Speech Production
    • Introduction
    • 7.1 The nature of sound
    • 7.2 The propagation of sound
    • 7.3 Simple harmonic motion
    • 7.4 Complex vibrations
    • 7.5 Resonance
    • 7.6 Basic amplitude properties of sound waves
    • 7.7 Time domain properties of sound waves
    • 7.8 Frequency domain properties of sound waves
    • 7.9 Some basic perceptual properties of sound waves
    • 7.10 The acoustic model of speech production
    • 7.11 Phonation as a sound source
    • 7.12 Sources of frication
    • 7.13 The vocal tract filter in vowel production
    • 7.14 Spectrographic analysis of speech
    • 7.15 Acoustic properties of vowel quality
    • 7.16 The vocal tract filter in consonant production
    • 7.17 The acoustic properties of consonants in syllables
    • 7.18 The relationship between articulatory and acoustic properties of speech production
    • 7.19 Acoustic features of prosody
    • Exercises
  • 8 Speech Perception
    • 8.1 Introduction
    • 8.2 The auditory system
    • 8.3 Psychophysical properties of the auditory system
    • 8.4 Speech intelligibility
    • 8.5 Acoustic-phonetic perception
    • 8.6 Vowel perception
    • 8.7 Consonant perception
    • 8.8 Units of perception
    • 8.9 Prosodic perception
    • 8.10 Word recognition
    • 8.11 Models of speech perception
    • 8.12 Conclusion
    • Exercises
  • 9 Prosody
    • 9.1 Introduction
    • 9.2 The phonetic basis of suprasegmentals
    • 9.3 The systemic organization of prosody
    • 9.4 Tone languages
    • 9.5 Pitch-accent languages
    • 9.6 Stress in English
    • 9.7 Stress assignment
    • 9.8 Intonation in English
    • 9.9 Tones and break indices
    • Exercises
  • 10 Feature Systems
    • 10.1 Introduction
    • 10.2 Acoustic features
    • 10.3 Articulatory features
    • 10.4 Perceptual features
    • 10.5 Distinctive features
    • 10.6 Cover features
    • 10.7 Abstract features
    • 10.8 Accuracy and universality
    • 10.9 Universal feature systems
    • 10.10 Features and discreteness
    • 10.11 Hierarchical organization of features
    • 10.12 Feature geometry
    • 10.13 Overview
    • Exercises
  • 11 The Progress of Phonology
    • Introduction
    • 11.1 Currents of theory
    • 11.2 Phonetics and phonology before the twentieth century
    • 11.3 The phoneme
    • 11.4 The traditions of phonetics
    • 11.5 Phonology in North America
    • 11.6 The Prague School
    • 11.7 Glossematics and stratificational phonology
    • 11.8 Firthian prosodic phonology
    • 11.9 Generative phonology
    • 11.10 Natural generative phonology
    • 11.11 Natural phonology
    • 11.12 Autosegmental and CV phonology
    • 11.13 Metrical phonology
    • 11.14 Lexical phonology
    • 11.15 Dependency phonology
    • 11.16 Optimality theory
    • 11.17 Prosodic phonology
    • 11.18 Phonology in the laboratory
    • 11.19 Conclusion
    • Exercises
  • Appendix 1: Phonetic Symbols
    • 1.1 Vowel symbols
    • 1.2 Consonant symbols
    • 1.3 Diacritics and conventions for complex articulations
    • 1.4 Symbols used in transcription of English
  • Appendix 2: Features
    • 2.1 Jakobson and Halle’s distinctive features
    • 2.2 Chomsky and Halle’s universal set of phonetic features
    • 2.3 Ladefoged’s ‘Traditional Features’
    • 2.4 Components in dependency phonology
  • References
  • Index
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
    • E
    • F
    • G
    • H
    • I
    • J
    • K
    • L
    • M
    • N
    • O
    • P
    • Q
    • R
    • S
    • T
    • U
    • V
    • W
    • X
    • Y
    • Z

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Vörumerki: John Wiley
Vörunúmer: 9781118397138
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An Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology

Vörumerki: John Wiley
Vörunúmer: 9781118397138
Rafræn bók. Uppl. sendar á netfangið þitt eftir kaup

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4.490 kr.
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