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A Conceptual History of Psychology

Vörumerki: Cambridge
Vörunúmer: 9781316365465
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A Conceptual History of Psychology

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  • Cover
  • Half title
  • Title page
  • Imprints page
  • Contents
  • Preface
  • 1 History, science, and psychology
    • Historiography of psychology
      • Internal and external history
      • Zeitgeist and great man history
      • Presentist and contextualist history
      • Conceptual history of psychology
      • History of psychology as an academic discipline
    • Science and psychology
      • Objectivity
      • Causal explanation
      • Empirical evaluation
      • Atomism
      • Universality of causal explanation
      • Ontological Invariance
      • Explanatory reduction
      • Experimentation and empiricism
    • Philosophy, physiology, and science
  • 2 Ancient Greek science and psychology
    • Greek science
      • The naturalists
      • The formalists
      • The physicians
    • Aristotle: the science of the psyche
      • Theoretical science
      • Causality and teleology
      • Aristotle’s psychology
      • Materialism and psychological explanation
      • Functionalism in Aristotle
      • Consciousness and vitality
  • 3 Rome and the medieval period
    • The Roman age
      • Rome and science
      • The decline of the Roman Empire
      • Neoplatonism and Christianity
      • Christianity and pagan thought
    • Medieval psychology
      • Islam
      • European recovery: reason and faith
        • The Christian Church and Aristotelian philosophy
        • The inner senses
      • Medieval christianity and science
        • Witches and demons
        • Natural fools and accidie
        • Empiriks
    • The end of the medieval period
  • 4 The scientific revolution
    • Renaissance and Reformation
    • The scientific revolution
      • The Copernican revolution
      • Realism and instrumentalism
      • Galileo and the new science
      • Andreas Vesalius and the scientific revolution in medicine
      • Francis Bacon and the inductive method
        • Social dimensions of science
      • The Newtonian synthesis
    • Man the machine
      • René Descartes: mind and mechanism
        • Descartes’ science
        • Animal automatism
        • Mind and body
        • Machine and animal intelligence
        • Endogenous vitalism
        • Introspection and images
      • La Mettrie: machine man
        • Organized matter
        • Machines and morality
      • Thomas Hobbes: empiricism, materialism, and individualism
    • Mental mechanism and stimulus–response psychology
  • 5 The Newtonian psychologists
    • The Newtonian psychologists
      • Newtonian science
      • John Locke: the under-laborer for Newtonian science
        • Psychological and meaning empiricism
        • Primary and secondary qualities
        • Consciousness
        • The association of ideas
      • George Berkeley: constancy and coherence
        • Cogeries of sensible impressions
        • Sign and signified
        • Distance perception
      • David Hume: mental mechanism
        • Impressions and ideas
        • Mental mechanism
        • Causality as constant conjunction
        • The empiricist conception of causal explanation
        • Hume’s moral psychology
      • David Hartley: the neurology of association
      • Sensationalists and Idéologues in France
    • Critical responses to Newtonian psychology
      • Realism and common sense
      • Rationalist reaction
        • Leibniz and apperception
        • Kant and the categories
      • Something completely different
    • Toward a science of psychology
  • 6 Physiology and psychology
    • Positivism
    • Associationist psychology
      • James Mill: points of consciousness
      • John Stuart Mill: mental chemistry and unconscious inference
        • Psychological science
        • Unconscious inference
      • Alexander Bain: psychology and physiology
        • Voluntary behavior
    • Cerebral localization
      • Franz Joseph Gall: phrenology
        • Empirical and biological psychology
        • Applied phrenology
      • Pierre Flourens: experimental physiology
        • Experimental ablation
        • The functional unity of the cerebral cortex
      • François Magendie: the Bell–Magendie law
        • Sensory and motor nerves
        • Cognition and sensory-motor function
      • Pierre-Paul Broca: aphasia
      • Gustav Fritsch and Eduard Hitzig: the excitability of the cerebral cortex
      • The sensory-motor theory of the nervous system
        • Ideomotor behavior
        • Epiphenomenalism
        • Control and inhibition
    • Experimental physiology in Germany
      • Johannes Müller: experimental physiology
      • Vitalism and the Berlin Physical Society
      • Emil du Bois-Reymond: electrophysiology
      • Hermann von Helmholtz: physiological psychology
        • Perception as unconscious inference
      • Ivan Sechenov: inhibition
      • Gustav Fechner: psychophysics
    • Physiological psychology and objective psychology
  • 7 Theories of evolution
    • Early evolutionary theories
      • Jean-Baptiste Lamarck: the inheritance of acquired characteristics
    • Herbert Spencer: evolution as a cosmic principle
      • Spencer’s theory of evolution
        • Social Darwinism
        • Evolutionary psychology
        • Spencer’s impact
    • Charles Darwin: evolution by natural selection
      • The voyage of the Beagle
      • The theory of evolution by natural selection
        • Darwin’s delay
        • The reception of Darwin’s theory
        • The Descent of Man
        • Darwinism, racism, and sexism
      • Neo-Darwinism
      • Darwin’s influence on psychology
    • Francis Galton: individual differences and eugenics
      • Individual differences
      • Nature and nurture
      • Eugenics
    • Mental evolution and comparative psychology
      • Spalding on instinct
      • George John Romanes: animal intelligence
        • Romanes’ methodology
      • Conwy Lloyd Morgan: Morgan’s canon and emergent evolution
        • Morgan’s canon
        • Emergent evolution
    • Stimulus–response psychology
  • 8 Psychology in Germany
    • Psychology in Germany before Wundt
      • Johann Friedrich Herbart: dynamic psychology
    • Wilhelm Wundt: physiological psychology
      • The Leipzig laboratory
      • Physiological psychology
        • Experimental methods
      • Wundt’s psychology
        • Völkerpsychologie
        • Wundt’s legacy
        • Wundt’s American students
    • German psychology beyond Leipzig
      • Hermann Ebbinghaus: on memory
      • Georg Elias Müller: the experimentalist
      • Franz Brentano: intentionality
      • Carl Stumpf: the Berlin Institute of Experimental Psychology
      • Oswald Külpe: the Würzburg School
        • The Würzburg Institute
        • Imageless thoughts and determining tendencies
        • The modern investigation of thinking
        • The controversy with Wundt
      • Gestalt psychology
        • The Phi phenomenon
        • Relational elements
        • Good form
        • Koffka and Köhler
        • Gestalt psychology and field theory
        • The support for Gestalt psychology
        • The legacy of Gestalt psychology
    • Applied psychology in Germany
  • 9 Psychology in America: the early years
    • Psychology and the development of the American University
      • The success of psychology
      • Philosophy and psychology
      • Applied psychology
    • James and Münsterberg at Harvard
      • William James
        • The Metaphysical Society
        • James’ psychology
        • James’ influence
      • Hugo Münsterberg
        • Popular and applied psychology
    • Ladd and Scripture at Yale
    • Hall at Johns Hopkins and Clark
      • Johns Hopkins and the new psychology
      • Clark and genetic psychology
      • The American Psychological Association
      • Adolescence and sex
      • Old age
    • Applying the Wundtian skeleton: Cattell, Witmer, Scott, and Wolfe
      • James McKeen Cattell: mental testing
      • Lightner Witmer: clinical psychology
      • Walter Dill Scott: industrial psychology
      • Harry Kirke Wolfe: scientific pedagogy
    • Edward B. Titchener and structural psychology
      • Structural psychology
      • Inspection and introspection
      • Völkerpsychologie and applied psychology
      • The Experimentalists
      • Imageless thought
      • The eclipse of structural psychology
    • Scientific and applied psychology
  • 10 Functionalism, behaviorism, and mental testing
    • The turn to applied psychology
    • Functional psychology
      • Baldwin and Titchener on reaction time
        • Individual differences
      • John Dewey: purpose and adaptation
        • The reflex arc
      • James Rowland Angell: the province of functional psychology
        • The utilities of consciousness
      • Functional psychology as American psychology
      • Social engineering
    • Behaviorism
      • Background to behaviorism
      • Early forms of behaviorism
        • William McDougall: purposive behaviorism
      • Animal psychology
        • The albino rat
        • Criteria of the psychic
      • Edward L. Thorndike: the law of effect
        • The law of effect
        • Connectionism
        • Educational psychology
      • Ivan Pavlov: classical conditioning
        • Conditioned reflexes
      • Bechterev and motor reflexes
      • John B. Watson: psychology as the behaviorist views it
        • Watson’s behaviorism
        • Cognition as motor response
        • The reception of Watson’s behaviorism
        • Learning and conditioning
        • Life’s little difficulties
        • Watson’s environmentalism
        • Last years
    • Mental testing, immigration, and sterilization
      • The Binet–Simon intelligence test
      • Goddard and the feebleminded
      • The First World War and the army testing project
        • Putting psychology on the map
      • Immigration and sterilization
    • The status of applied psychology
  • 11 Neobehaviorism, radical behaviorism, and problems of behaviorism
    • Neobehaviorism
      • Logical positivism
        • Operationism
      • Edward C. Tolman: purposive behaviorism
        • Purposive behaviorism
        • Intervening variables and hypothetical constructs
      • Clark L. Hull: a Newtonian behavioral system
        • Intervening variables and cognitive constructs
      • Neobehaviorist theory and operational definition
        • What is learned?
        • Theoretical meaning and operational measures
    • Radical behaviorism
      • Operant conditioning
      • Explanatory fictions
      • Radical behaviorism
    • The Second World War and the professionalization of academic psychology
      • Psychological contributions to the war effort
      • The reorganization of the American Psychological Association
      • Postwar expansion
    • Problems of behaviorism
      • Chomsky’s critique of Skinner
      • The misbehavior of organisms
      • Contiguity and frequency
      • Consciousness and conditioning
      • The neurophysiology of learning
    • The eve of the cognitive revolution
  • 12 The cognitive revolution
    • Information theory
      • Claude Shannon: communication theory
      • Norbert Wiener: cybernetics
      • Donald Broadbent: information processing
      • Computers and cognition
        • Turing machines
        • ENIAC and EDVAC
      • Computer simulation of cognitive processes
        • Artificial intelligence
    • Cognitive psychology
      • Jerome Bruner: higher mental processes
      • George Miller: cognitive science
      • Strategies, programs, and plans
      • Ulric Neisser: cognitive psychology
      • The cognitive revolution
    • The cognitive revolution
      • The cognitive revolution as paradigm shift
      • From intervening variables to cognitive hypothetical constructs
    • Cognition and behavior
      • Structuralism and anthropomorphism
      • The cognitive tradition
      • Critical reaction
    • The second century
  • 13 Abnormal and clinical psychology
    • Neuroses, alienists, and psychiatry
    • The reform of asylums
    • Magnetism, mesmerism, and hypnosis
    • Freud and psychoanalysis
      • Studies on hysteria
      • Psychosexual development
      • The reception of Freud’s theory
      • The scientific status of Freud’s theory
    • Scientific psychology and abnormal psychology
    • ECT, lobotomy, and psychopharmacology
      • Psychoactive drugs and institutional care
      • The myth of mental illness
    • Postwar clinical psychology
      • Clinical training
    • Humanistic psychology
    • Into the twenty-first century
  • Epilogue: the past and future of scientific psychology
  • Index


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Vörumerki: Cambridge
Vörunúmer: 9781316365465
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